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Women and Work since 1970

Sara Connolly and Mary Gregory

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter assesses the changing position of women in the labour market. Section 7.2 reviews the changing position of women in the labour force. Section 7.3 outlines the legal context of women's ... More


Gender Equality in the Labour Market

Janet C. Gornick

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The topic of this chapter is women's access to paid work and its impact on their economic resources compared to men in general and within the family. It presents a cross‐national portrait of gender ... More


Making Work Pay and ‘Employment Friendly Wages’

Mark Freedland, Paul Craig, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

in Public Employment Services and European Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233489
eISBN:
9780191716324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.003.0009
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter shifts the focus on a recently emerged, but already well established, activity performed by PES, that is to say the delivery of making work pay (MWP) policies. A key argument of the ... More


Paid Work and Unpaid Care: The Unsolved Conflict

Nicole Busby

in A Right to Care?: Unpaid Work in European Employment Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199579020
eISBN:
9780191725296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579020.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter explores the unsolved conflict between paid work and unpaid care. The meaning of the term ‘care relationship’ is considered and existing literature is used to explore the diversity of ... More


Famine, Widowhood and Paid Work: Seeking Gender Justice in South Asia

Martha Alter Chen

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines what Amartya Sen has written and argued about gender injustice in three seemingly distinct, but related contexts in South Asia: famine, widowhood, and paid work. The chapter is ... More


Families and work: mothers at home

Katharine Mumford and Anne Power

in East Enders: Family and community in East London

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344960
eISBN:
9781447302179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344960.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter aims to determine if there are major differences in work experience, attitude, and opportunity between mothers who work and mothers who stay at home. It compares the experiences of lone ... More


Unpaid Care and Paid Work in European Employment Law

Nicole Busby

in A Right to Care?: Unpaid Work in European Employment Law

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199579020
eISBN:
9780191725296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579020.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter provides the terms of reference and background for the text. It specifies the main aims which are to consider how paid work and unpaid care can be reconciled by exploring the potential ... More


Workplace Flexibility Options

Jocelyn Elise Crowley

in Mothers Unite!: Organizing for Workplace Flexibility and the Transformation of Family Life

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451751
eISBN:
9780801467455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451751.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter explains workplace flexibility as a unifying concept for bringing all mothers together. Exploring across groups and the work-for-pay/stay-at-home dichotomy, it addresses the question of ... More


The Double Meaning of Equal Pay

Alice Kessler-Harris

in A Woman's Wage: Historical Meanings and Social Consequences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780813145136
eISBN:
9780813145631
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813145136.003.0005
Subject:
History, Cultural History

The Equal Pay Bill of 1963, once passed, prohibited employers from paying women lower wages than men, but with several exceptions. The bill was supported by the slogan developed decades earlier, ... More


Gender regimes in Central and Eastern Europe

Gillian Pascall and Anna Kwak

in Gender regimes in transition in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424204
eISBN:
9781447302414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424204.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explores the place of Poland among the new Central and Eastern European (CEE) member states of the European Union, and how Poland compares, in key dimensions, with countries of Western ... More


Employment Services as a Public Service

Mark Freedland, Paul Craig, Catherine Jacqueson, and Nicola Kountouris

in Public Employment Services and European Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199233489
eISBN:
9780191716324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233489.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Employment Law

This chapter provides a historical and comparative examination of employment services in the light of their ‘public service’ nature and vocation as developed through the 20th century. It also ... More


Grandparental childcare: a reconceptualisation of family policy regimes

Debora Price, Eloi Ribe, Giorgio Di Gessa, and Karen Glaser

in Grandparenting Practices around the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447340645
eISBN:
9781447340690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447340645.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

In this chapter we argue that to understand the ways that policy, structure and culture all shape how grandmothers help to care for children, we need to re-think our approach to these issues. We need ... More


Balancing Care and Work

Madonna Harrington Meyer

in Grandmothers at Work: Juggling Families and Jobs

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729236
eISBN:
9780814738153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729236.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This introductory chapter presents the account of Dianne, a working grandmother who is balancing work and caring for grandchildren. She works full-time as an elected official while also taking care ... More


“I’m Here, but I’m There”: The Meanings of Latina Transnational Motherhood

Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo and Ernestine Avila

in Gender and U.S. Immigration: Contemporary Trends

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225619
eISBN:
9780520929869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225619.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter analyzes Latina transnational mothers who are currently employed in Los Angeles in paid domestic work, which is one of the most gendered and racialized occupations. It also studies how ... More


Social Citizenship in new Labour’S new “Active” Welfare State: The case of the United Kingdom

Ruth Lister

in Social Policy and Citizenship: The Changing Landscape

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754045
eISBN:
9780199979455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754045.003.0029
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The chapter begins with a general section on social citizenship, which covers its theoretical framework and the context of how social citizenship has been understood and debated in the UK, leading to ... More


Doing the Dirty Work: The Physical and Emotional Labor of Home Care

Clare L. Stacey

in The Caring Self: The Work Experiences of Home Care Aides

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449857
eISBN:
9780801463310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449857.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter describes in ethnographic detail the nature and intensity (both physical and emotional) of direct care of the elderly and disabled, exploring the constraints facing aides who provide ... More


Parents' employment and childcare

Shirley Dex, Denise Hawkes, Heather Joshi, and Kelly Ward

in Children of the 21st century: From birth to nine months

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346889
eISBN:
9781447301783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346889.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Fathers' contributions to childcare have increased, but are still far outweighed by mothers' contributions. Increased paid work among mothers has also necessitated increased childcare outside the ... More


Historical Trends in Patterns of Time Use among Young Adults in Developed Countries

Anne H. Gauthier and Frank F. Furstenberg Jr.

in On the Frontier of Adulthood: Theory, Research, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748894
eISBN:
9780226748924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748924.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Time use among young people varies greatly during the transition to adulthood and is strongly regulated by social roles, constraints, and obligations. Yet, time use has not been one of the indicators ... More


Work, family and organisations in transition: setting the context

Suzan Lewis, Julia Brannen, and Ann Nilsen

in Work, families and organisations in transition: European perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422200
eISBN:
9781447304326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422200.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Most young Europeans expect to combine paid work and parenting at the same time in their life course, although they do not have a clear idea on how easy or difficult it will be to manage and support ... More


The Formation of a Female Underclass

Susan Thistle

in From Marriage to the Market: The Transformation of Women's Lives and Work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520245907
eISBN:
9780520939196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520245907.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter provides a new explanation of the rise in female-headed families among the poor. It explains that the economic hardship faced by single mothers is generally perceived as changing little ... More


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