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Celsus: A Platonist Attack

Henry Chadwick

in The Church in Ancient Society: From Galilee to Gregory the Great

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246953
eISBN:
9780191600463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246955.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The behaviour of Christian martyrs persecuted from the time of Nero onwards drew great attention to the Church. Celsus, a Greek contemporary of Irenaeus, whose philosophical ideas were those of an ... More


Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

John Marenbon

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

From the turn of the fifth century to the beginning of the eighteenth, Christian writers were fascinated and troubled by the ‘Problem of Paganism’, which this book identifies and examines for the ... More


The Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination

Andrei A. Znamenski

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172317
eISBN:
9780199785759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172317.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

For the past forty years shamanism has drawn increasing attention among the general public and academics. So far no one has tried to understand why and how Western intellectual and popular culture ... More


Pagan City and Christian Capital: Rome in the Fourth Century

John R Curran

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199254200
eISBN:
9780191715150
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199254200.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The critical century between the arrival of Constantine and the advance of Alaric in the early 5th century witnessed dramatic changes in the city of Rome. This book breaks away from the usual notions ... More


General Conclusion

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This concluding chapter provides some final insights into the history surrounding the Problem of Paganism. First, the chapter considers how the progress of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in ... More


From Paganism to Christianity

J. M. Wallace‐Hadrill

in The Frankish Church

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269069
eISBN:
9780191600777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269064.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Franks, or any other Germanic people, were not pagan one day and Christian the next; this simple solution does no justice to the texts and is overthrown by archaeological evidence. Fifth‐century ... More


Introduction

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter discusses the ‘Problem of Paganism’ and premise of this issue, as well as the scope and methods this volume will undertake in unraveling the subject. The Problem posited ... More


Prelude: Before Augustine

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter provides a prelude into the terms of the Problem of Paganism, as it would be discussed in the West until the end of the seventeenth century. It begins by looking at the earliest ... More


John of Salisbury and the Encyclopaedic Tradition

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter details John of Salisbury's role in addressing the Problem of Paganism. For him, as for Abelard, who was briefly his teacher, the Problem of Paganism is a constant concern, which is ... More


Langland and Chaucer

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to another pair struggling with the Problem of Paganism: William Langland and Geoffrey Chaucer. For Langland, the Problem is an issue addressed directly, with the focus on the ... More


Pagan Knowledge, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to the first of the three aspects of the Problem of Paganism — knowledge, virtue, and salvation — which is examined here for the period 1400–1700. It begins by looking at ... More


Pagan Virtue, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter turns to the second aspect of the Problem of Paganism: virtue. The dominant view among scholastic theologians in the late thirteenth and fourteenth centuries was that pagans could be ... More


The Salvation of Pagans, 1400–1700

John Marenbon

in Pagans and Philosophers: The Problem of Paganism from Augustine to Leibniz

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142555
eISBN:
9781400866359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142555.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines how sixteenth- and seventeenth-century theologians faced a new theological challenge in light of new evidence that there exists millions of virtuous pagans who had had no chance ... More


The Livian Revival

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

The most famous of all Latin subscriptions are those that, in various forms and combinations, close each of the first nine books of Livy in a number of manuscripts. This chapter considers two ... More


Pagan Scholarship: Vergil and His Commentators

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

Late 4th- and 5th-century western culture was dominated by Vergil. The writings, prose as well as verse, of all educated people, Christians no less than pagans, were steeped in Vergilian echoes and ... More


The Annales of Nicomachus Flavianus I

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0018
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter discusses the lost Annales of Nicomachus Flavianus, which many scholars believe to be the most important and influential pagan history of the late 4th-century West. According to some, an ... More


The Annales of Nicomachus Flavianus II

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

For a variety of reasons Flavianus's lost Annales simply cannot play the role for which it has increasingly often been cast in recent years. But both Bleckmann and Paschoud insist that their argument ... More


Classical Revivals and “Pagan” Art

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0020
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter examines evidence for a pagan reaction in the art as well as the literature of the late 4th century. It looks at the contorniates (bronze medallions produced in the city of Rome from the ... More


Conclusion

Alan Cameron

in The Last Pagans of Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199747276
eISBN:
9780199866212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747276.003.0022
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter summarizes the discussions in the book and presents some concluding thoughts. The question of when paganism really, finally, ended depends on a series of further questions, of ... More


Collision: Explicating Divine Identity

C. Kavin Rowe

in World Upside Down: Reading Acts in the Graeco-Roman Age

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195377873
eISBN:
9780199869459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377873.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter argues that Luke narrates the Christian mission to the Gentiles in Acts as an apocalypse (e.g., Luke 2:32). At its core, the Christian mission claims to be a revelation of God. Inasmuch ... More


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