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Enhancing Flower Colour

Beverley J. Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering: An integrated approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565970
eISBN:
9780191714009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565970.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

The production of coloured tissues, particularly insect-attracting petals, depends upon the synthesis of pigments. Plants are able to mix, modify and enhance pigments to produce a vast array of final ... More


The soil environment

Richard D. Bardgett

in The Biology of Soil: A community and ecosystem approach

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525035
eISBN:
9780191728181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525035.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Soil forms a thin mantle over the Earth's surface and acts as the interface between the atmosphere and lithosphere, the outermost shell of the Earth. It is a multiphase system, consisting of mineral ... More


Ecosystem processes

Lawrence R. Walker

in The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199575299
eISBN:
9780191774836
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575299.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Disturbances disrupt ecosystem processes, thereby affecting the distribution and abundance of biota. Disturbances alter light and temperature regimes, carbon dioxide and nutrient fluxes, and ... More


Determination of Dissociation Constants

Brian G. Cox

in Acids and Bases: Solvent Effects on Acid-Base Strength

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199670512
eISBN:
9780199670512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670512.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The determination of dissociation constants in non-aqueous and mixed-aqueous solvents is described. pH-scales, upon which the dissociation constants are based, are defined and compared with the ... More


The Abiotic Frame and Adaptations to Cope with Abiotic Constraints

Christer Brönmark and Lars-Anders Hansson

in The Biology of Lakes and Ponds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198713593
eISBN:
9780191781902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198713593.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter draws up the abiotic frame for organisms set by the physical and chemical properties of a specific ecosystem. The abiotic frame is a combination of several features, including wind, ... More


Commensals of Nepenthes pitchers

Leonora S. Bittleston

in Carnivorous Plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780198779841
eISBN:
9780191825873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779841.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Carnivorous Nepenthes pitcher plants contain aquatic ecosystems within each fluid-filled pitcher. Communities of arthropods and microbes colonize pitcher pools, and some organisms are endemic to the ... More


The ecological consequences of marine hypoxia: from behavioural to ecosystem responses

Bettina Riedel, Robert Diaz, Rutger Rosenberg, and Michael Stachowitsch

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter summarizes the far-reaching consequences and ecological implications of hypoxia and anoxia (low/no oxygen), which have become a global key stressor to marine ecosystems, with over 500 ... More


Chemical Determinands of Freshwater Ecosystem Functioning

Nic Pacini, Libor Pechar, and David M. Harper

in Freshwater Ecology and Conservation: Approaches and Techniques

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198766384
eISBN:
9780191820908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766384.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Chemical equilibria in surface waters stem from complex interactions between physical background and living components of ecosystems. Catchments differ in geological background, climate, and land ... More


Enhancing flower colour

Beverley Glover

in Understanding Flowers and Flowering, Second Edition

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199661596
eISBN:
9780191779473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661596.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

The production of coloured tissues, particularly insect-attracting petals, depends upon the synthesis of pigments. However, very few flowers are coloured simply by the synthesis of one single ... More


Climate Change

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn

in Ocean Recovery: A sustainable future for global fisheries?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198839767
eISBN:
9780191875533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839767.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate Change. The oceans are changing. There is no doubt that the oceans are rapidly getting warmer and more acidic, and this will have significant impacts on fish production. Warmer water causes ... More


Biodiversity of Grasslands

Brian J. Wilsey

in The Biology of Grasslands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198744511
eISBN:
9780191805738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198744511.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry, Ecology

Grasslands can be surprisingly diverse and contain many charismatic flora and fauna. Plant species are often combined into functional groups. Three major conceptual models: competitors-stress ... More


Liquids

I. David Brown

in The Chemical Bond in Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198742951
eISBN:
9780191802935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742951.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The bond valence model applies to the chemistry of liquids as well as solids. Although the bond valence model applies to all liquids (Section 6.6), the properties of aqueous solutions are ... More


Acids, bases and buffer solutions

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0017
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Many reactions in solution involve acids and bases, and so this chapter examines these important reactions in detail. Topics covered include the ionisation of water, pH, pOH, acids and bases, ... More


The biochemical standard state

Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

in Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198782957
eISBN:
9780191826177
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198782957.003.0023
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Applying thermodynamics to biological systems requires the use of the biochemical standard state. Many texts do not mention the biochemical standard state, and most of those that do dismiss it in ... More


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