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The Search for Knowledge‐Based Resolution: Science and Scientific Assessment, 1976–1985

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The major lines of scientific debate, research progress, and controversy over stratospheric ozone depletion from the mid 1970s to the mid 1980s are examined. Begins with the initial qualitative ... More


Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Edward A. Parson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Offers the first comprehensive history of international efforts to protect the ozone layer by abandoning the use of chlorofluorohydrocarbons (CFCs), and underlines that this is the greatest success ... More


Setting the Stage: National Action and Early International Efforts, 1970–1980

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The linked histories of science, policy, and strategy over the first decade of policy concern about the ozone layer (1970 to 1980) are detailed. First, the controversies of the early 1970s over ... More


Building an Adaptive Regime: The Protocol Evolving, 1989–1999

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Reintegrates the discussions of science, technology, and policy to examine how the ozone protection regime has adapted since its formation. Discusses the linked processes of negotiation, assessment, ... More


Eliminating Chlorofluorocarbons: Science, Assessment, and Responses, 1986–1988

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines major changes in scientific understanding that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. ... More


The Theoretical and Practical Significance of the Ozone Regime

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

The history of the ozone issue falls into three broad periods: a decade of deadlock from 1975 to 1985, despite repeated attempts to develop international cooperation; a rapid burst of ozone ... More


Negotiations and Strategy, 1980–1987

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Domestic and international policy‐making on protection of the ozone layer are examined from 1980 to 1987. Tracks the 1982 resumption of international negotiations to protect the ozone layer after two ... More


Looking Beyond the ‘K‐Word’: Embedded Multilateralism in American Foreign Environmental Policy

Stephen Hopgood

in US Hegemony and International Organizations: The United States and Multilateral Institutions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199261437
eISBN:
9780191599309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261431.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Presents an analysis of multilateralism in American foreign environmental policy, focusing on the issues of ozone depletion, climate change, and biodiversity, and arguing that the evolution of US ... More


Industry Strategy and Technical Innovation, 1987–1992

Edward A. Parson

in Protecting the Ozone Layer: Science and Strategy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155495
eISBN:
9780199833955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155491.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Examines the major changes in technology that followed the adoption of the Montreal Protocol in 1987 and the completion of the period of initial formation of the ozone protection regime. Examines the ... More


Ozone Depletion: International Cooperation over a Degraded Resource

Elizabeth R. DeSombre

in Beyond Resource Wars: Scarcity, Environmental Degradation, and International Cooperation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014977
eISBN:
9780262295505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014977.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The ozone layer is one of the most important natural resources and it plays a major role in environmental protection. This chapter discusses ozone layer depletion and also addresses the importance of ... More


Transboundary and Global Health Concerns

Annalee Yassi, Tord Kjellström, Theo de Kok, and Tee L. Guidotti

in Basic Environmental Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195135589
eISBN:
9780199864102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195135589.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on transboundary and global health concerns. Topics discussed include the health consequences of war, ozone depletion and ultraviolet radiation, climate change and the greenhouse ... More


Efficiency Issues and the Montreal Protocol on CFCs

Peter Bohm

in The Environment and Emerging Development Issues: Volume 2

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199240708
eISBN:
9780191718106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240708.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Given that a treaty among national governments is the best institution available to control global public bads (GPBs) such as ozone layer depletion or global climate change, this chapter presents an ... More


Climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion

Tony McMichael and Alistair Woodward

in International Co-operation in Health

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192631985
eISBN:
9780191723582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631985.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on the impact of climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion on health. These changes are the consequence of overload and breakdown of global homeostatic mechanisms. Climate ... More


From the Ground Up: Fumigants, Ozone, and Health

Adam Tompkins

in Ghostworkers and Greens: The Cooperative Campaigns of Farmworkers and Environmentalists for Pesticide Reform

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456688
eISBN:
9781501704215
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456688.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

This chapter examines the local and international politics underlying the bitter struggle to end usage of methyl bromide. Animal-based studies showed that methyl bromide is a mutagen and reproductive ... More


Conclusion: Is a Better Future for Global Environmental Governance Possible?

Brian J. Gareau

in From Precaution to Profit: Contemporary Challenges to Environmental Protection in the Montreal Protocol

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300175264
eISBN:
9780300188912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175264.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter first summarizes the main arguments of the preceding chapters. It then explains the link between ozone-layer depletion and global climate change; and why the MeBr case needs to be ... More


Nuclear Peril

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1983, Carl Sagan, a planetary astronomer and a renowned science popularizer, coined the phrase “nuclear winter” to describe the effects on Earth’s climate of the explosion of nuclear weapons. This ... More


Environmental Cooperation

Clint Peinhardt and Todd Sandler

in Transnational Cooperation: An Issue-Based Approach

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199398607
eISBN:
9780199398645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398607.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter focuses on two paired comparisons—one at the global level and one at the regional level—to underscore how seemingly similar pollution (public good) problems have vastly different ... More


Non-energy Materials, Recycling, and Wastes

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Human economy faces serious ecological constraints in the supply of not only energy resources, but also of a whole range non-energy mineral and non mineral material resources. The chapter discusses ... More


Scientific Disciplines in Isolation, 2: Those with Less Obvious Connections to Nuclear War

Lawrence Badash

in A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Nuclear war analysts often compared nuclear detonations to volcanic eruptions. The connection between volcanic eruptions and climatic changes, suggested long ago by Benjamin Franklin and others, ... More


A Nuclear Winter's Tale: Science and Politics in the 1980s

Lawrence Badash

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012720
eISBN:
9780262258531
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012720.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The nuclear winter phenomenon burst upon the public’s consciousness in 1983. Added to the horror of a nuclear war’s immediate effects was the fear that the smoke from fires ignited by the explosions ... More


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