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Hormonal Influences on Brain Plasticity: III. Peptide Hormones

Luis Miguel García-Segura

in Hormones and Brain Plasticity

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195326611
eISBN:
9780199864881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326611.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter examines the role of peptide hormones in the regulation of neural mutability and the involved cellular and molecular mechanisms. It first considers the effects of vasopressin and ... More


Sexual behaviour, reward, and brain function; sexual selection of behaviour

Edmund T. Rolls

in Emotion Explained

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570035
eISBN:
9780191693793
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570035.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter explains evolutionary biology and some of the evolutionary factors that influence sexual behaviour. Pair-bonding, parental attachment, and sperm competition are covered. Sexual selection ... More


Moral Enhancement as a Possible Way Out

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

To enable liberal democracies to stop human induced climatic and environmental deterioriation it is then necessary to morally enhance their citizens, to make them appropriately concerned about the ... More


Neuropeptides and the Development of Social Behaviors: Implications for Adolescent Psychopathology

Karen L. Bales and C. Sue Carter

in Adolescent Psychopathology and the Developing Brain: Integrating Brain and Prevention Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195306255
eISBN:
9780199863914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306255.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter provides an overview of the role of two mammalian neuropeptide hormones, oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP), in the development and expression of social behaviors, including ... More


The Interactional Instinct in Primary‐ and Second‐Language Acquisition

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In second‐language acquisition, the affiliative phase comes first. The learner positively appraises one or more speakers of the target language and makes efforts to affiliate with them. If the ... More


Sex Differences in Affiliative Behavior and Social Bonding

Larry J. Young and C. Sue Carter

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter discusses the neurobiology of affiliative behavior and social bonding in prairie voles using the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) as a model system. It focuses on the roles ... More


Sex Differences in Motivation

Jill B. Becker and Jane R. Taylor

in Sex Differences in the Brain: From Genes to Behavior

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195311587
eISBN:
9780199865048
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311587.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter develops the thesis that sexually dimorphic development of the neural systems involved in motivation has evolved due to sex differences in care of young. It proposes that sex differences ... More


Seduction Super-Responders and Hyper-Trusters: The Biology of Affiliative Behavior

Karol M. Pessin

in Pathological Altruism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199738571
eISBN:
9780199918669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738571.003.0243
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter reviews pathological altruism in the context of social biology. In particular, the focus is on the biology that may underlie a “seduction super-responder”—that is, a person who is highly ... More


Mechanisms, Mediators, and Adaptive Consequences of Caregiving

Stephen W. Porges and C. Sue Carter

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This essay describes neurobiological and neuroendocrine mechanisms that are implicated in human caregiving. Anatomical and biochemical systems that first appeared in the evolutionary transition from ... More


The Human Caregiving System: A Neuroscience Model of Compassionate Motivation and Behavior

Stephanie L. Brown, R. Michael Brown, and Stephanie D. Preston

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this essay we describe the essential features of a neurobiological system whose purpose is to provide the motivation needed to bestow resources on others—the “caregiving system.” After presenting ... More


Parental and Romantic Attachment Systems: Neural Circuits, Genes, and Experiential Contributions to Interpersonal Engagement

James E. Swain

in Moving Beyond Self-Interest: Perspectives from Evolutionary Biology, Neuroscience, and the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195388107
eISBN:
9780199918386
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388107.003.0042
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Intense interpersonal relationships are critical aspects of human life. Important examples are parental and romantic love. Each include a set of highly conserved behaviors and mental states that ... More


Short-Term and Long-Term Effects of Oxytocin Released by Suckling and of Skin-to-Skin Contact in Mothers and Infants

Kerstin Uvnäs-Moberg

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This commentary gives an extended and comprehensive description of the effect spectrum caused by oxytocin beyond that of milk ejection. Based on the role of oxytocin as an integrator of behavioral ... More


Neurobiology and the Evolution of Mammalian Social Behavior

C. Sue Carter and Stephen W. Porges

in Evolution, Early Experience and Human Development: From Research to Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199755059
eISBN:
9780199979479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755059.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

At the heart of mammalian social behaviors are evolved neural and endocrine pathways that support both survival and reproduction in an “environment of evolutionary adaptiveness.” The physiological ... More


Embodiment as a gauge of individual, public and planetary health

Maia Boswell-Penc

in Social Experiences of Breastfeeding: Building Bridges between Research, Policy and Practice

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781447338499
eISBN:
9781447338543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447338499.003.0016
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter begins by considering the specific context of the workplace as it presents significant barriers to women seeking to continue breastfeeding as they return to work. From there, the chapter ... More


Love, the Brain, and Becoming Human

Riane Eisler

in Nurturing Our Humanity: How Domination and Partnership Shape Our Brains, Lives, and Future

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190935726
eISBN:
9780190935757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935726.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces a new perspective on the role of love in human evolution and human development. The bonds of love, whether between parent and child, lovers, or close friends, may all have a ... More


Implications for the Neurobiology of Love

Thomas R. Insel

in Altruism and Altruistic Love: Science, Philosophy, and Religion in Dialogue

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195143584
eISBN:
9780199848119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195143584.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Monogamous mammals are found in many different taxa and in diverse environments. There are two neuropeptide hormones, oxytocin and vasopressin. These two are found exclusively in mammals, but they ... More


Is Music an Evolutionary Adaptation?

David Huron

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Music

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198525202
eISBN:
9780191689314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525202.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology

This chapter reviews the basic arguments related to evolutionary claims for music. In particular, it describes the theory of evolution by natural selection. Before entertaining some possible ... More


Part I Introduction

Ofra Mayseless

in The Caring Motivation: An Integrated Theory

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199913619
eISBN:
9780190299002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199913619.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

Part I provides an introduction to the more extensive and detailed discussion of major conceptual frameworks and research paradigms regarding caring: spiritual views of caring, evolutionary ... More


High stakes and low risks: Women and aggression

in A mind of her own: The evolutionary psychology of women

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199609543
eISBN:
9780191747717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199609543.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Aggression is a high-risk strategy for women because infant mortality is more closely connected to a mother’s death rather than a father’s. Evolutionary pressures for women to stay alive and avoid ... More


Evolution, Play, and Sport

Jay Schulkin

in Sport: A Biological, Philosophical, and Cultural Perspective

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231176767
eISBN:
9780231541978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231176767.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Sport as a practice and cognitive event is largely action-oriented: there is thought in action, even if it is not particularly conscious thought. Habits codified in the motor regions of the brain ... More


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