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Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

The measurement of metabolic rates is important in many areas of science. Examples range from ecology through a broad spectrum of physiological disciplines to biomedical fields such as genetic ... More


Flow-Through Respirometry: The Equations

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter de-mystifies respirometry equations, showing how they can be derived using a simple mental trick: concentrating the analysis on the principal gas that is neither consumed nor produced by ... More


Constant Volume Techniques Using Gas Analysis

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

By using modern gas analyzers and variations of constant volume techniques described in Chapter 2, simple and high-throughput measurement of the metabolic rates of organisms ranging in size from ... More


Constant Volume and Constant Pressure Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes constant pressure (Gilson) and constant volume (Warburg) respirometry — long-established techniques that are still capable of accurate results. These are useful for measuring ... More


Coulometric Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes the theory and practical applications of coulometric respirometry. Coulometric respirometry is probably the most accurate method for measuring oxygen consumption rates. It is ... More


BOLD Functional MRI and Cognitive Aging

Adam H. Gazzaley and Mark D’Esposito

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter focuses on potential confounding factors in the interpretation of the blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal in fMRI studies of cognitive aging. Studies generally attribute ... More


Flow-Through Respirometry Using Excurrent Flow Measurement

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes the setup, the plumbing, and the equations for implementing a respirometry system wherein the flow rate of the air leaving the animal chamber is known. Such systems are usually ... More


Flow-Through Respirometry Using Incurrent Flow Measurement

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195310610
eISBN:
9780199871414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310610.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biotechnology

This chapter describes the setup, plumbing, and equations required for applying a respirometry system wherein the flow rate of the air entering the animal chamber is known. Such systems are usually ... More


Metabolism

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Metabolism is driven by redox reactions, in which part of the difference in potential energy between the electron donor and acceptor is used by the organism for its life processes (with the remainder ... More


Cardiovascular and metabolic interactions in diving seals

Robert Elsner

in Diving Seals and Meditating Yogis: Strategic Metabolic Retreats

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226246710
eISBN:
9780226247045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226247045.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter discusses the cardiovascular responses of diving seals during metabolic activity. Responses of the heart and circulation feature prominently in the protective reactions of marine mammals ... More


Coulometric Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes the theory and practical applications of coulometric respirometry. Coulometric respirometry is probably the most accurate method for measuring oxygen consumption rates. It is ... More


The State of Cognitive Neuroscience: An Over-Optimistic Theory

Robert G. Shulman

in Brain Imaging: What it Can (and Cannot) Tell Us About Consciousness

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199838721
eISBN:
9780199345373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199838721.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The original claims of cognitive neuroscience, an offshoot of computer science and psychology, were of a logical brain in which mental concepts could be identified and localized. Reviews of the ... More


Constant Volume Techniques Using Gas Analysis

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

By using modern gas analyzers and variations of constant volume techniques described in Chapter 2, simple and high-throughput measurement of the metabolic rates of organisms ranging in size from ... More


Constant Volume and Constant Pressure Respirometry

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes constant pressure (Gilson) and constant volume (Warburg) respirometry—long-established techniques that are still capable of accurate results. These are useful for measuring the ... More


Flow-through Respirometry: The Equations

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter demystifies respirometry equations, showing how they can be derived using a simple mental trick: focusing the analysis on the principal gas that is neither consumed nor produced by ... More


Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

John R. B. Lighton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

Measuring Metabolic Rates demystifies the field of metabolic rate measurement, explaining every common variation of the art, from century-old manometric methods through ingenious syringe-based ... More


Flow-through Respirometry: Excurrent Flow Measurement

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes the setup, plumbing, and equations for implementing a respirometry system wherein the flow rate of the air leaving the animal chamber is known. Such systems are usually ... More


Acidification: Background and History

Jean-Pierre Gattuso and Lina Hansson

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The ocean and the atmosphere exchange massive amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The pre-industrial influx from the ocean to the atmosphere was 70.6 Gt C yr –1 , while ... More


Effects of Ocean Acidification on Nektonic Organisms

Hans-O. Pörtner and Magda Gutowska

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The average surface-ocean pH is reported to have declined by more than 0.1 units from the pre-industrial level ( Orr et al. 2005 ), and is projected to decrease by ... More


Flow-through Respirometry: Incurrent Flow Measurement

John R. B. Lighton

in Measuring Metabolic Rates: A Manual for Scientists

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198830399
eISBN:
9780191868672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830399.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies, Ecology

This chapter describes the setup, plumbing, and equations required for applying a respirometry system wherein the flow rate of the air entering the animal chamber is known. Such systems are usually ... More


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