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Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Oliver Hart

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This book provides a framework for thinking about economic relationships and institutions such as firms. The basic argument is that in a world of incomplete contracts, institutional arrangements are ... More


What Is the Most Efficient Governance Structure?

Ruben Lee

in Running the World's Markets: The Governance of Financial Infrastructure

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133539
eISBN:
9781400836970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133539.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter analyzes what is the optimal governance model for market infrastructure institutions using the broad goal of efficiency as the main yardstick to compare different models. Three ... More


How to Choose Optimal International Marketing Strategies

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0023
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how multinational firms can use marketing-finance fusion to choose international strategies. It discusses the pros and cons of international diversification to privately and ... More


Pricing New Products: Strategies and Caveats

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how firms should price new products, especially under cost and demand uncertainty. It distinguishes between privately and publicly owned firms and show how the risk attitudes of ... More


The Governance of Innovation: The Case of Rolls-Royce plc

William Lazonick and Andrea Prencipe

in Corporate Governance and Firm Organization: Microfoundations and Structural Forms

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269761
eISBN:
9780191710087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269761.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability

This chapter highlights the regulatory power of a ‘soft’ mechanism, namely communities of expertise. It draws on an in-depth case study of the evolution of governance at Rolls-Royce. The study ... More


The Property Rights Approach

Oliver Hart

in Firms, Contracts, and Financial Structure

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288817
eISBN:
9780191596353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288816.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The neoclassical, principal‐agent and transaction costs theories cannot by themselves explain firm boundaries. This chapter describes a theory—the incomplete contracting or property rights ... More


Choosing Marketing Policy in the Short Run

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter introduces key financial tools necessary for understanding Fusion for Profit. This chapter shows how different ownership structures (i.e., whether the firm is publicly or privately held) ... More


How Should the Firm Compensate Managers to Maximize Performance?

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter shows how the firm should determine compensation for its managers. It distinguishes between ownership structures (i.e., whether the firm is privately or publicly held), the length of the ... More


The Separation of Ownership and Control by 1914

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Leslie Hannah has provocatively claimed ownership was divorced from control in large UK companies by the early 20th century, inviting re-examination of entrenched assumptions in so doing. This ... More


Choosing Marketing Policy in the Long Run

Sharan Jagpal

in Fusion for Profit: How Marketing and Finance Can Work Together to Create Value

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195371055
eISBN:
9780199870745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371055.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Marketing

This chapter introduces key financial tools necessary for measuring the long-run effects of marketing policy under uncertainty. It distinguishes the cases where the firm sells multiple products or ... More


Political Economy and Industrial Policy

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter considers a variety of issues in industrial policy by modelling the trade‐off between informational rents and efficiency distortions. It is shown that political imperfections affect ... More


Social Democracies and Agency Costs: Raising the Stakes

Mark J. Joe

in Political Determinants of Corporate Governance: Political Context, Corporate Impact

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199205301
eISBN:
9780191695612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199205301.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

This chapter discusses social democracies and agency costs. Social democracies raised agency costs for shareholders in the public firm and the shareholders' natural reaction would have been to use an ... More


The Social and Cultural Embeddedness of Entrepreneurs in Eastern Germany

Gernot Grabher and David Stark

in Restructuring Networks in Post-Socialism: Legacies, Linkages and Localities

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290209
eISBN:
9780191684791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290209.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, Political Economy

This chapter starts by outlining the legacy of entrepreneurship and self-entrepreneurship in the former German Democratic Republic (GDR). The chapter examines methods of privatization and the ... More


Ownership and Performance in European Big Business: The Longitudinal Perspective

Andrea Colli

in The Performance of European Business in the Twentieth Century

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198749776
eISBN:
9780191814068
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749776.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

Through a detailed and new database (based on a vast array of primary and secondary sources) with information about the prevalent ownership structure of European large enterprises during the ... More


The Organization of Japanese Business Networks

Michael L. Gerlach

in Alliance Capitalism: The Social Organization of Japanese Business

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520208896
eISBN:
9780520919105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520208896.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter discusses enterprise groups of Japanese industrial organization. It outlines the general patterns of relationships common to business networks in market economies and investigates how ... More


Corporate Governance Regulation

Carsten Gerner-Beuerle and Michael Schillig

in Comparative Company Law

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780199572205
eISBN:
9780191747397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199572205.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law, Comparative Law

This chapter first analyses whether the corporation is merely a profit-maximizing entity or performs a more inclusive, social function. It then discusses some basic economic concepts that are ... More


Vertical Integration in the Colonies

César J. Ayala

in American Sugar Kingdom: The Plantation Economy of the Spanish Caribbean, 1898-1934

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
July 2014
ISBN:
9780807847886
eISBN:
9781469605050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807867976_ayala.8
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter describes how the sugar economies of Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Puerto Rico in the period 1898–1934 were dominated by large foreign corporations. The corporations were ... More


Abandoning the Stockholders

Lawrence E. Mitchell

in Corporate Irresponsibility: America`s Newest Export

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090239
eISBN:
9780300137767
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090239.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter argues that the key to unlocking long-term value in American corporations and to ensuring a governance and ownership structure which will provide for sustainable corporate productivity ... More


Beyond the Anatomy

John Armour, Luca Enriques, Mariana Pargendler, and Wolf-Georg Ringe

in The Anatomy of Corporate Law: A Comparative and Functional Approach

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198739630
eISBN:
9780191837982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739630.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This concluding chapter, rather than providing a summary, focuses on the boundaries of what the book explains. It reflects first upon explanations for the differences in the corporate laws of the ... More


Related-Party Transactions

Luca Enriques, Gerard Hertig, Hideki Kanda, and Mariana Pargendler

in The Anatomy of Corporate Law: A Comparative and Functional Approach

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198739630
eISBN:
9780191837982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739630.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter centers on a technique that managers and controlling shareholders may use to divert value from the corporation: related-party transactions. These transactions range from traditional ... More


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