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‘One Thought Too Many’: Love, Morality, and the Ordering of Commitment

Susan Wolf

in Luck, Value, and Commitment: Themes From the Ethics of Bernard Williams

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199599325
eISBN:
9780191741500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599325.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At the end of ‘Persons, Character, and Morality’, Bernard Williams discusses the case of a man who, faced with a situation in which he can save only one of two people in equal peril, chooses to save ... More


The Cultural Dimension and Disenchantment

John Kekes

in The Human Condition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

A society's system of values is sustained by the allegiance of its inhabitants. A pervasive sense of disenchantment is the most serious problem for the cultural dimension of values as it exists in ... More


Morality and Importance

Robert B. Louden

in Morality and Moral Theory: A Reappraisal and Reaffirmation

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195072921
eISBN:
9780199852925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195072921.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The importance of morality is the issue being resolved in this chapter. One of the main problems in arriving at a conclusion is the definition of importance. The chapter lays down various theses ... More


Overridingness, Human Correctness, and Motivational Naturalism

Samuel Scheffler

in Human Morality

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195085648
eISBN:
9780199833634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195085647.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The “claim of overridingness” (CO) is the claim that it is never rational to knowingly do what morality forbids. Although Scheffler doubts that CO is true, in this chapter he develops two criticisms ... More


Reason, Psychology, and the Authority of Morality

Samuel Scheffler

in Human Morality

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195085648
eISBN:
9780199833634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195085647.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Scheffler begins this chapter by arguing that less turns on the question of morality's overridingness than some have supposed. Even if the claim of overridingness were shown to be true, that would ... More


Perfection, Moral Dilemmas, and Moral Cost

Micheal Slote

in The Impossibility of Perfection: Aristotle, Feminism, and the Complexities of Ethics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199790821
eISBN:
9780199919185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790821.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral dilemmas involve situations where one cannot avoid wrongdoing, and moral cost, as the notion was introduced by Bernard Williams, means that one has wronged someone even while acting in a way ... More


Dual-Ranking Act-Consequentialism: Reasons, Morality, and Overridingness

Douglas W. Portmore

in Commonsense Consequentialism: Wherein Morality Meets Rationality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794539
eISBN:
9780199919260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794539.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter argues that in order to accommodate many typical agent-centered options and to resolve the paradox of supererogation, we should accept that non-moral reasons can, and sometimes do, ... More


Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Mark Timmons (ed.)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This series aims to provide, on an annual basis, some of the best contemporary work in the field of normative ethical theory. Each volume features new chapters that contribute to an understanding of ... More


Two Senses of Moral Verdict and Moral Overridingness

Paul Hurley

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 6

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198790587
eISBN:
9780191833229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198790587.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter distinguishes two senses in which philosophers speak of moral verdicts that invite two senses of moral overridingness. The first takes such moral verdicts to reflect decisive reasons for ... More


The Modesty of the Moral Point of View

Karl Schafer

in Weighing Reasons

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199315192
eISBN:
9780190245580
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199315192.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In recent years, several philosophers (Joshua Gert, Douglas Portmore, and Elizabeth Harman) have argued that morality itself does not treat moral reasons as consistently overriding. This chapter ... More


Morality and Aristotelian Character Excellence

David Conan Wolfsdorf

in Questions of Character

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199357703
eISBN:
9780199357734
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199357703.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter, drawing on the work of Bernard Williams, Terence Irwin, and Julia Annas, considers six conditions standardly taken to be crucial to morality: preference-independence (moral principles ... More


Introduction

Susan Wolf

in The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195332803
eISBN:
9780190219123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332803.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter introduces the book and its discussion of morality, meaning and love, tracing a continuity of interest in the distinction between moral and nonmoral values from 1982 to the present. ... More


Meaning and Morality

Susan Wolf

in The Variety of Values: Essays on Morality, Meaning, and Love

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195332803
eISBN:
9780190219123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195332803.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Bernard Williams’s criticisms of traditional moral theories—specifically, his arguments that both Kantian and utilitarian moral theories are unreasonably demanding—have received much attention, but, ... More


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