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CLASSICAL GLUE

Mark Wilson

in Wandering Significance: An Essay on Conceptual Behaviour

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199269259
eISBN:
9780191710155
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269259.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The most widely shared conception of concepts, deeply rooted in everyday thinking, is here dubbed the ‘classical theory’ and associated with the views of Bertrand Russell (its main tenets are ... More


The Quantity Question

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter defends decision aversion by showing how mandated disclosures are made yet more forbidding by the so-called quantity question and its two aspects: the overload problem and the ... More


From Intensifier to Focus Particle

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter traces the development of intensifying selbst (self) to the focus particle selbst (even) in German. Starting from a semantic analysis of the intensifier, it surveys German literary data ... More


Semantic Reanalysis: The Algebraic Backbone of Meaning Change

Regine Eckardt

in Meaning Change in Grammaticalization: An Enquiry into Semantic Reanalysis

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262601
eISBN:
9780191718939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262601.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter surveys the driving factors of change that were encountered in the case studies. It is argued that language change does not arise as a result of experimentation and imitation of use of ... More


Sensitivity evaluation and automatic differentiation

Bijan Mohammadi and Olivier Pironneau

in Applied Shape Optimization for Fluids

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199546909
eISBN:
9780191720482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546909.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter describes sensitivity analysis and automatic differentiation (AD). These include the theory, then an object oriented library for AD by operator overloading, and finally the authors' ... More


Introduction

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This book argues that mandated disclosure as a distinctive regulatory method routinely fails to achieve its ambitious goals. Describing “mandated disclosure” as perhaps the most common and least ... More


The Politics of Disclosure

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter argues that even if simplification worked better, it would often be defeated by the political dynamics of regulation. First, mandates expand, exacerbating the overload problem. Second, ... More


Overcoming the rationalistic fallacy in management research

Stefan Tengblad

in The Work of Managers: Towards a Practice Theory of Management

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639724
eISBN:
9780191738661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639724.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The editor presents the book’s origins, purpose, and structure. Taking inspiration from the work of the Swedish researcher, Sune Carlson, the chapter presents a practice perspective on management ... More


Common Mechanisms of Bacterial Metal Homeostasis

James A. Imlay

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Transition metals are required for the function of nearly half the enzymatic machinery of organisms. Metals compete for enzyme-binding sites and inappropriate metallation inhibits enzyme function. ... More


Intervention Strategies for Metal Deficiency and Overload

Fudi Wang and Lihong Zhang

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

An increasing amount of evidence shows the linkage between metal ion homeostasis and human disease. Deficiency or overload of metal ions play vital roles in many human diseases, including infectious ... More


Metal Homeostasis during Development, Maturation, and Aging: Impact on Infectious Diseases

Inga Wessels

in Trace Metals and Infectious Diseases

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262029193
eISBN:
9780262327619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029193.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter provides a summary of the functions of essential metallic elements in human metabolism and during infectious diseases as well as their homeostasis during development, maturation, and ... More


Conclusion

William R. Burch Jr., Gary E. Machlis, and Jo Ellen Force

in The Structure and Dynamics of Human Ecosystems: Toward a Model for Understanding and Action

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780300137033
eISBN:
9780300231632
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300137033.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

This concluding chapter talks about how the complexity of combining human and nonhuman elements presents an obvious challenge to one’s understanding and management of ecosystems. The usual solution ... More


Amici Curiae and the Consistency

Paul M Collins

in Friends of the Supreme Court: Interest Groups and Judicial Decision Making

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195372144
eISBN:
9780199870813
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372144.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter examines the influence of amicus curiae briefs on the variability in judicial decision making. It begins by explaining the importance of understanding the consistency of judicial choice, ... More


How Can Better Evidence Be Delivered?

Norbert Donner-Banzhoff, Hilda Bastian, Angela Coulter, Glyn Elwyn, Günther Jonitz, David Klemperer, and Wolf-Dieter Ludwig

in Better Doctors, Better Patients, Better Decisions: Envisioning Health Care 2020

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262016032
eISBN:
9780262298957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016032.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

Bias impacts all aspects of research: from the questions formulated in the study design to the dissemination of results and perceptions by different target groups. The implementation of evidence is ... More


The logic of being informed

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter defends the view that the axiom schemata of the normal modal logic KTB (also known as B or Br or Brouwer's system) are well suited to model the relation of ‘being informed’. After having ... More


Inertia I: Price Competition

Spiegler Ran

in Bounded Rationality and Industrial Organization

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195398717
eISBN:
9780199896790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398717.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter analyzes implications of consumer inertia and default bias for market competition. In particular, the link between the competitiveness of the market outcome and the equilibrium level of ... More


Rethinking the European Court of Human Rights

Luzius Wildhaber

in The European Court of Human Rights between Law and Politics

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199694495
eISBN:
9780191729782
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694495.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter discusses the need fundamentally to reform the Court. The chapter argues that the focus should be on the most serious or structural human rights violations, and that a departure from ... More


What Doesn’t Work, and Why?

JOY G. DRYFOOS

in Safe Passage: Making It through Adolescence in a Risky Society: What Parents, Schools, and Communities Can Do

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195137859
eISBN:
9780199846948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137859.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines what doesn't work to ensure Safe Passage and tries to explain why such programs fail. An effective program has to provide evidence that the program has positively influenced ... More


Archival Intelligence: Diplomatic Correspondence, Information Overload, and Information Management in Italy, 1450–1650

Filippo de Vivo

in Archives and Information in the Early Modern World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780197266250
eISBN:
9780191869181
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266250.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The rise of permanent diplomacy in the 15th century and the expansion of diplomatic networks in the 16th resulted in a massive surge in correspondence between ambassadors and their masters back home. ... More


The Wounded Screen

Martine Beugnet

in The New Extremism in Cinema: From France to Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641604
eISBN:
9780748651221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641604.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter focuses on post-war cinema, considering how an emerging extreme cinema deals with political conflicts and concerns about France's involvement in traumatic historical events in ways very ... More


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