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Chapter Chapter Who Bears What Risk? An Intergenerational Perspective

Henning Bohn

in Restructuring Retirement Risks

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199204656
eISBN:
9780191603822
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199204659.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Retirement systems in the past have attempted to protect retirees from risk. However, by making fixed benefit promises, these systems necessarily imposed a more-than-proportional risk on younger ... More


Nations, Overlapping Generations, and Historic Injustice

Daniel Butt

in Rectifying International Injustice: Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199218240
eISBN:
9780191711589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218240.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

This chapter considers the question of the responsibility that present day generations bear as a result of the actions of their ancestors. Is it morally significant that we share a national identity ... More


 Rocks of Ages and the Ages of the Rocks: Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould

in Oracles of Science: Celebrity Scientists versus God and Religion

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195310726
eISBN:
9780199785179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310726.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Stephen Jay Gould is a public intellectual and the best-selling author of Wonderful Life, The Structure of Evolutionary Theory, Rocks of Ages, The Mismeasure of Man, and many other books. He is known ... More


The Necessity of Origin

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the intuitive appeal of Kripke’s necessity of origin thesis can be explained by seeing the thesis as the consequence of a temporally asymmetrical ‘branching model’ of de re ... More


Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals

Penelope Mackie

in How Things Might Have Been: Individuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199272204
eISBN:
9780191604034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199272204.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines versions of so-called ‘sortal essentialism’. This is the view that some sortal concepts (roughly, concepts that provide criteria of identity or principles of individuation) ... More


Rawls and Utilitarianism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

After reviewing John Rawls's arguments against utilitarianism in A Theory of Justice and then examining Michael Sandel's and Robert Nozick's criticisms of those arguments, Scheffler points to three ... More


The Appeal of Political Liberalism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Attempts to ground liberal toleration in pluralism about value, in scepticism about value, or in the simple need for a modus vivendi are all subject to various difficulties. John Rawls, in his book ... More


Networks in Opposition: Linking Organizations through Activists in the Polish People's Republic

Maryjane Osa

in Social Movements and Networks: Relational Approaches to Collective Action

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251780
eISBN:
9780191599057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251789.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Explores changes in the informal networks of overlapping memberships between opposition organizations in Poland between the 1960s and the 1980s. When civic organizations are subject to severe ... More


 The Focus on the Basic Structure

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter marks the beginning of the remainder of the book's focus, which is on Rawls's most prominent work in political philosophy, A Theory of Justice. It examines the key idea of the “basic ... More


Scattering by a Buried Object

Peter Monk

in Finite Element Methods for Maxwell's Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198508885
eISBN:
9780191708633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508885.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Numerical Analysis

This chapter presents a model problem for scattering by a buried object. The ground is modeled by a two-layered medium (the air and the earth) with a planar interface. For the two-layered medium, it ... More


On the Explanatory Value of Grammaticalization

Tania Kuteva and Bernd Heine

in Linguistic Universals and Language Change

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199298495
eISBN:
9780191711442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter shows that grammaticalization theory can explain not only the regular patterns, the non-exceptions, but also the exceptions. For both of these, it is not only language-internal ... More


Behavioral Ecology of Semiterrestrial Crayfish

Alastair M.M. Richardson

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Like a number of the other crustaceans, burrowing crayfish live in a situation that tends to lead to prolonged associations between mother and offspring, and even overlapping generations in some ... More


The Social Breeding System of the Jamaican Bromeliad Crab Metopaulias depressus

Rudolf Diesel and Christoph D. Schubart

in Evolutionary Ecology of Social and Sexual Systems: Crustaceans as Model Organisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195179927
eISBN:
9780199790111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179927.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The Jamaican bromeliad crab Metopaulias depressus lives exclusively in the water-storing leaf axils of bromeliad plants, which provide a supporting microclimate, safety, food, and are expandable and ... More


Islam and Liberal Citizenship: The Search for an Overlapping Consensus

Andrew F. March

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195330960
eISBN:
9780199868278
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195330960.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book examines both the liberal and the Islamic legal and doctrinal treatments of the moral and political terms of residence and citizenship in a non-Muslim liberal democracy. It seeks to stage ... More


Case Study on Multiphase and Multiscale Sampling

Thomas J. Stohlgren

in Measuring Plant Diversity: Lessons from the Field

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195172331
eISBN:
9780199790395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172331.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Only a small portion of any landscape can be affordably sampled. Estimating the patterns of plant diversity in the much larger, unsampled landscape is important and challenging. For example, many ... More


The Niche Concept

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the niche concept. One of the earliest applications of the niche theory in quantitative ecology addressed the seemingly simple question of the extent to which the niches of two ... More


The Role of an Overlapping Consensus

Jonathan Quong

in Liberalism without Perfection

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199594870
eISBN:
9780191723513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199594870.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Critics of political liberalism argue that the appeal to what reasonable people could accept must either confuse mere agreement with justification, or else the appeal to what reasonable people could ... More


Herder’s Pluralist Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While rationalist reflection can derive a single set of authoritative standards from a universal faculty of reason, sentimentalism must assume an implausible degree of uniformity among the contingent ... More


Mixed Interactions

André M. de Roos and Lennart Persson

in Population and Community Ecology of Ontogenetic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137575
eISBN:
9781400845613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137575.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses mixed interactions from a different perspective, taking as its point of departure the models for a structured prey, structured predator community with exclusive resources for ... More


Conceptual Opposites and Typologies

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter considers how opposing pairs of categories and typologies are used in the qualitative and quantitative research traditions. It begins with a discussion of the concepts of democracy and ... More


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