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Causing Actions

Paul M. Pietroski

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

When a person acts for a reason, mental events have causal effects. This makes it tempting, given various metaphysical considerations, to identify each (human) mental event with some biochemical ... More


 Problems of Causal Redundancy

Amie L. Thomasson

in Ordinary Objects

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Causal redundancy arguments allege that all the causal work attributed to ordinary macroscopic objects is really performed (jointly) by their microscopic parts, making ordinary objects epiphenomenal. ... More


Too Few Reasons

Mark Schroeder

in Slaves of the Passions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199299508
eISBN:
9780191714917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299508.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter considers the complementary objection that the Humean Theory fails to allow for some reasons that there intuitively are. The main problem is shown to be that of allowing for reasons that ... More


Surviving Eliminativism

Trenton Merricks

in Objects and Persons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that we human organisms—though composite—are not mere overdeterminers. We cause, by way of having conscious mental properties, some effects that our constituent atoms do not cause. (My ... More


Epistemic Overdetermination and A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

in Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199777860
eISBN:
9780199933525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777860.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

Radical empiricism is the view that experience is the only source of knowledge. Hence, radical empiricism deniess the existence of a priori knowledge. Its most famous proponents are John Stuart Mill ... More


Advertisement for a Sketch of an Outline of a Prototheory of Causation

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

C can cause e even though e would still have occurred (thanks to another cause) in c's absence. The counterfactual theory of causation thus undergenerates. An alternative theory ... More


Explanatory Realism, Causal Realism, and Explanatory Exclusion

Jaegwon Kim

in Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585878
eISBN:
9780191595349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585878.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

“Explanatory Realism, Causal Realism, and Explanatory Exclusion” explores issues arising from taking a realist, or an irrealist, attitude toward explanation and causation. Explanatory realism is the ... More


THE EVIL OF DEATH

Ben Bradley

in Well-Being and Death

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557967
eISBN:
9780191721205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557967.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter defends a difference‐making principle about the total value of an event for a person, similar to one defended by Fred Feldman. According to this principle, the value of an event for a ... More


David Lewis on Waves and Counterfactuals

Mathias Frisch

in Inconsistency, Asymmetry, and Non-Locality: A Philosophical Investigation of Classical Electrodynamics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195172157
eISBN:
9780199835294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195172159.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that David Lewis’ theses on the asymmetry of overdetermination and of an asymmetry of miracles are false. However, radiation asymmetry does support the claim that there is an ... More


Tracking: More and Better

Sherrilyn Roush

in Tracking Truth: Knowledge, Evidence, and Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199274734
eISBN:
9780191603228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199274738.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the rules of applying the tracking conditions, and discusses the upshot of formulating the tracking conditions in terms of probability and counterfactuals. Criteria are ... More


Why There Is Anything Except Physics *

Barry Loewer

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter first discusses a tension in Fodor's treatment of special sciences. It argues that, on Fodor's account, special science counterfactuals are necessitated by fundamental physical laws and ... More


Mental Causation and Neural Mechanisms *

James Woodward

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that many of the standard arguments for the causal inertness of the mental rest on mistaken assumptions about causality and causal explanation. An interventionist account ... More


Exclusion Again *

Karen Bennett

in Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter maintains that the non-reductive physicalist's best strategy for avoiding the causal exclusion argument, as defended in Bennett (2003), is unavailable to dualists. One strategy for ... More


Mental Causation and Ontology

S. C. Gibb, E. J. Lowe, and R. D. Ingthorsson (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199603770
eISBN:
9780191747670
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603770.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Mind

Mental causation has been a hotly disputed topic in recent years, with reductive and non-reductive physicalists vying with each other and with dualists over how to accommodate, or else to challenge, ... More


Counterfactual Dependence and Time's Arrow

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume II

Published in print:
1987
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195036466
eISBN:
9780199833399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195036468.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Upholds the asymmetry of counterfactual dependence, and proposes a semantic analysis of counterfactual conditionals that can account for it. It also considers the asymmetry of miracles and that of ... More


Five Mistakes in Moral Mathematics

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Examines how we should assess the effects of our acts, especially when we act together with other people, why we should reject the share‐of‐the‐total view and accept the marginalist view, which ... More


Modal Concerns

Paul M. Pietroski

in Causing Actions

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252763
eISBN:
9780191598234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252769.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Given the view urged in Chs. 3 to 5, a bodily motion (say, the rising of someone's arm) can have mental causes distinct from any of its biochemical causes. But effects of mental causes are not ... More


Hexatonic Cycles

Richard Cohn

in Audacious Euphony: Chromatic Harmony and the Triad's Second Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772698
eISBN:
9780199932238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772698.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Chapter 2 presents the first of two preliminary models of the triadic universe, based on voice-leading proximity, On this conception, the most proximate triads are those whose roots are related by ... More


Double Syntax and the Soft Revolution

Richard Cohn

in Audacious Euphony: Chromatic Harmony and the Triad's Second Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199772698
eISBN:
9780199932238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199772698.003.0009
Subject:
Music, Theory, Analysis, Composition

Chapter 9 confronts an a priori objection to double syntax, raised variously by Dahlhaus, Smith and Lerdahl. The problem is framed through a consideration of a passage from Schubert’s C-major ... More


Epiphenomenalism and Eliminativism

Trenton Merricks

in Objects and Persons

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245369
eISBN:
9780191598036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245363.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that anything a baseball causes—if baseballs exist—is also caused by the baseball's atoms working in concert. Moreover, a baseball is ‘causally irrelevant’ to what its atoms cause. These two ... More


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