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Epidemiologic Principles and Food Safety

Tamar Lasky (ed.)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195172638
eISBN:
9780199865727
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195172638.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This book details the various ways in which epidemiologic methods can improve food safety. Starting with a history and background of food-borne illness, the book continues by describing the means of ... More


Conservation and management

Franck Courchamp, Luděk Berec, and Joanna Gascoigne

in Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780198570301
eISBN:
9780191717642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570301.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter deals with the more applied aspects of the Allee effect. It starts by considering the role and impact of Allee effects in the conservation of rare and endangered populations, including ... More


RAIDING THE WILD FOR DELICACIES: The SARS Virus

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) virus, which originated from Guangdong Province in China. Topics covered include symptoms, spread of the virus, and research on the ... More


WEATHERING STORMS AND DROUGHTS: West Nile Virus and Others

Jaap Goudsmit

in Viral Fitness: The Next SARS and West Nile in the Making

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195130348
eISBN:
9780199790166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130348.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter discusses the spread of viruses. Topics covered include the arrival of RNA viruses in the United States via bird migration, human travel, and other carriers; the 1999 West Nile virus ... More


The Experience of the 2003 SARS outbreak as a traumatic stress among frontline health-care workers in Toronto: lessons learned

Robert Maunder, William J. Lancee, Sean B. Rourke, Jonathan Hunter, David S. Goldbloom, Ken Balderson, Patricia M. Petryshen, Molyn Leszcz, Rosalie Steinberg, Donald Wasylenki, David Koh, and Calvin S. L. Fones

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The outbreak of SARS in 2003 caused system-wide stress upon healthcare workers in the Toronto region. This chapter presents quantitative data on the psychological trauma experienced by healthcare ... More


What have we learnt from SARS?

Robin A. Weiss and Angela R. McLean

in SARS: A case study in emerging infections

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198568193
eISBN:
9780191718175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568193.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

With outbreaks of infectious disease emerging from animal sources, we have learned to expect the unexpected. We were and are expecting a new influenza A pandemic, but no one predicted the emergence ... More


Depression, Drought, and Federation

Ian W. McLean

in Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154671
eISBN:
9781400845439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154671.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter talks about negative shocks from internal imbalance, external factors, and drought wrought havoc with the economy for more than a decade. Against this background of a major threat to ... More


A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland

Catriona Pennell

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590582
eISBN:
9780191738777
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590582.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This book explores the way in which the peoples of the United Kingdom – —England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland—went to war in 1914. It is the first fully documented study of UK public opinion at the ... More


Study of clustering and outbreaks

Paul Elliott

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.025
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter is concerned with understanding the principles underlying the detection and investigation of possible clusters of disease, and the extent to which they might contribute to knowledge on ... More


Communicable disease control principles and toolkit

Martin Schweiger

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.013
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Communicable diseases can occur in any community, but they are particularly common in poor communities, adding to the burden of poverty. The prevention of communicable diseases is an important ... More


Outbreak of War, July to August

Catriona Pennell

in A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590582
eISBN:
9780191738777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590582.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Chapter One deals with feelings of tension in the lead‐up to the announcement of war on 4 August and follows the chaos and disruption that followed during the first few weeks of the conflict. What ... More


John Bull's Other Island 1

Catriona Pennell

in A Kingdom United: Popular Responses to the Outbreak of the First World War in Britain and Ireland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199590582
eISBN:
9780191738777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590582.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

When the British government declared war on Germany, the Ulster unionist and Irish nationalist paramilitary organizations faced each other warily, while the British troops in Ireland had demonstrated ... More


Cultural Heritage as Public Good: Economic Analysis Applied to Historic Cities

Ismail Serageldin

in Global Public Goods: International Cooperation in the 21st Century

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130522
eISBN:
9780199867363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130529.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

While global interest in health surveillance was relatively weak between the 1940s and the 1980s, today there is a renewed interest in international cooperation. There are many good reasons for this ... More


Epidemics

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

It has been argued that epidemics have played a major role in human history. For example, the arrival of the British in Australia triggered a deadly wave of smallpox infections, with the estimated ... More


Medicalizing Mecca: European Policies and Pilgrims' Experiences in Mecca

Saurabh Mishra

in Pilgrimage, Politics, and Pestilence: The Haj from the Indian Subcontinent, 1860-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198070603
eISBN:
9780199080007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070603.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The study of sanitary regulations around the Haj has shown that, by the late nineteenth century, Mecca became deeply embedded within medical debates. It was discussed all over the world and found a ... More


Coordination of Multiple States and Federal Agencies

Timothy Jones and Craig Hedberg

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Although most outbreaks are confined to a local jurisdiction, the number of multijurisdictional outbreaks (i.e., involving multiple geographic areas, widely distributed contaminated food or ... More


Acute Enteric Disease Outbreaks

Ian T. Williams, Laura Whitlock, and Matthew E. Wise

in The CDC Field Epidemiology Manual

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190933692
eISBN:
9780190624279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190933692.003.0023
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

Public health officials investigate outbreaks to control them, to prevent additional illnesses, and to learn how to prevent similar outbreaks in the future. The process the public health community ... More


Moscow: conflicting visions

Jeanne Guillemin

in Anthrax: The Investigation of a Deadly Outbreak

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520222045
eISBN:
9780520927100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520222045.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This chapter takes a look at the conflicting opinions on how the anthrax epidemic started. It first describes the victims of the outbreak (mostly male, bachelors, and were usually mobile), and then ... More


Outbreak investigations

Kenrad E. Nelson

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter illustrates the developments that have taken place in the investigation of outbreaks of infectious disease. It describes the advances that have occurred as a result of the use of ... More


Investigations in Health-Care Settings

William R. Jarvis

in Field Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195313802
eISBN:
9780199863952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195313802.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The term health-care setting refers to hospitals, rehabilitative centers, transitional care, ambulatory care, outpatient, private physicians' offices, free-standing clinics, dialysis centers, ... More


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