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Us versus Them: The Social Neuroscience of Perceiving Out-groups

Nalini Ambady and Reginald B. Adams

in Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195316872
eISBN:
9780199893324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316872.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What are the neural processes involved in perceiving out-groups? The pace of inquiry into this topic has picked up considerably since the pioneering neuroimaging studies conducted in 2000, yielding ... More


Examining the Implications of Cultural Frames on Social Movements and Group Action

Daphna Oyserman and Armand Lauffer

in Understanding Genocide: The Social Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195133622
eISBN:
9780199847952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

What is the connection between individual-democratic and group-ethnic worldviews and the risk of organized bloodshed? This chapter claims that at least part of the answer lies in the ways social ... More


Street life, neighbourhood policing and ‘the community’

Stephen Moore

in ASBO nation: The criminalisation of nuisance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420282
eISBN:
9781447301493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420282.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

In the United Kingdom, the public's response to street-life people provides a number of interesting insights into the process by which certain groups come to be viewed as a threat and their ... More


Intent in Disparate Treatment Litigation

Ann C. McGinley

in Masculinity at Work: Employment Discrimination through a Different Lens

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780814796139
eISBN:
9780814764329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814796139.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Employment Law

This chapter examines the intent requirement in proving disparate treatment under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act. It identifies three possible definitions of intent: purpose-to-harm, causation, ... More


Ethnocentrism Reconceived

in Us Against Them: Ethnocentric Foundations of American Opinion

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226435701
eISBN:
9780226435725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226435725.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter proposes a theoretical framework to explain the nature of ethnocentrism. It suggests that ethnocentrism is a predisposition to divide human society into in-groups and out-groups that ... More


Introduction

Jan Walmsley and Simon Jarrett (eds)

in Intellectual Disability in the Twentieth Century: Transnational Perspectives on People, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781447344575
eISBN:
9781447344629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447344575.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The introduction explains the selection and range of countries that are covered by the book and offers a brief historiography of the field. It also discusses the use of life stories in intellectual ... More


Individual Religion, Tolerance, and Universal Compassion

C. Daniel Batson

in Religion, Intolerance, and Conflict: A Scientific and Conceptual Investigation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199640911
eISBN:
9780191753077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199640911.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Religion and Society

This chapter examines recent work on the relationship between religion and intolerance towards out-groups. It looks at the various dimensions of religiosity and considers whether or not particular ... More


Introduction

Dennis C. Spies

in Immigration and Welfare State Retrenchment: Why the US Experience is not Reflected in Western Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198812906
eISBN:
9780191850691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198812906.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

By briefly summarizing the New Progressive Dilemma (NPD) debate, this introduction presents to the reader the general research question: does immigration necessarily lead to welfare cuts? It outlines ... More


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