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Perceptions of Similarity and Agreement in Partisan Groups

Eric A. Whitaker and John M. Fulwider

in Improving Public Opinion Surveys: Interdisciplinary Innovation and the American National Election Studies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151458
eISBN:
9781400840298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151458.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines whether there are perceptual differences in how partisan identifiers think about the in-group and out-group, and whether these judgments relate reliably to other attitudes and ... More


Social Categorization, Standards of Justice, and Collective Guilt

Anca M. Miron and Nyla R. Branscombe

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter outlines a model describing when and how one particular intergroup emotion — collective guilt — will be experienced depending on the standard employed for judging the social injustice ... More


Diminishing Vertical Distance: Power and Social Status as Barriers to Intergroup Reconciliation

Lasana T. Harris and Susan T. Fiske

in The Social Psychology of Intergroup Reconciliation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195300314
eISBN:
9780199868698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300314.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter argues that social emotions derived from power and perceived social status generate a skewed perception of the out-group, resulting in residual negative affect and the creation of a ... More


Encounters with the Other

Jeffrey C. Alexander

in The Civil Sphere

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195162509
eISBN:
9780199943364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162509.003.0033
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

During the three hundred years since the first democratic institutionalizations of civil society emerged the crippling of its utopian promises generated continuous struggle. These have not only been ... More


The Tea Party and Obamaphobia: Is the Hostility Real or Imagined?

Christopher S. Parker and Matt A. Barreto

in Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163611
eISBN:
9781400852314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163611.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter considers the extent to which a positive orientation toward the Tea Party influences attitudes and opinions about the president beyond ideology, partisanship, general out-group ... More


Conclusion

Christopher S. Parker and Matt A. Barreto

in Change They Can't Believe In: The Tea Party and Reactionary Politics in America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691163611
eISBN:
9781400852314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691163611.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This concluding chapter discusses how the Tea Party remains an important player in American politics and a subject of great national interest. Since relatively few people ever become an official ... More


Aggressive Interrogation and Retributive Justice: A Proposed Psychological Model

Avani Mehta Sood and Kevin M. Carlsmith

in Ideology, Psychology, and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199737512
eISBN:
9780199918638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737512.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The use of aggressive interrogation techniques on terrorism suspects is typically justified on utilitarian grounds. This chapter presents evidence that those who support such techniques are actually ... More


The Securitarian Personality: What Really Motivates Trump's Base and Why It Matters for the Post-Trump Era

John R. Hibbing

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780190096489
eISBN:
9780190096519
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190096489.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Political Theory

This book identifies the core motivations of Donald Trump’s strongest supporters. Previous research suggests that Trump’s followers are authoritarians or even fascists—individuals who are comfortable ... More


Theorising Bullying

Rivers Ian

in Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

In this chapter, the question is posed, why does homophobic bullying or indeed any type of bullying exist? Does bullying, for example, represent a form of ‘power’ that has its origins in the ... More


Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Dominic D. P. Johnson

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

A widespread assumption in political science and international relations is that cognitive biases — quirks of the brain we all share as human beings — are detrimental and responsible for policy ... More


Conscience and conflict: Darwin, Freud, and the origins of human aggression

JIM HOPKINS

in Emotion, Evolution, and Rationality

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528975
eISBN:
9780191689604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528975.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that evolutionary considerations can be combined with psychoanalytic insights to explain the way in which humans acquire a range of emotional dispositions related to the way they ... More


Evolutionary Perspectives on the Parental Brain

Michael Numan

in The Parental Brain: Mechanisms, Development, and Evolution

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190848675
eISBN:
9780190848705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190848675.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Chapter 11 presents evolutionary perspectives on the parental brain. First, the evolution of neural modifications to the parental brain that may have allowed for the emergence of alloparental ... More


Parochialism as a Result of Cognitive Biases

Jonathan Baron

in Understanding Social Action, Promoting Human Rights

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195371895
eISBN:
9780199979127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371895.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

In Chapter 8, psychologist and expert on judgment and decision making Jonathan Baron identifies cognitive biases whereby individuals sacrifice self-interest for the benefit of in-group ... More


United We Stand: The Strategic Advantages of Group Bias

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the strategic advantages of the in-group/out-group bias. It discusses people that have a powerful tendency to favor their own in-group and its members, while disparaging ... More


No Mercy: The Pacific Campaign of World War II

Dominic D. P. Johnson

in Strategic Instincts: The Adaptive Advantages of Cognitive Biases in International Politics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691137452
eISBN:
9780691185606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137452.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter argues that the United States was able to persist and prevail in the long and brutal Pacific campaign against the Japanese in World War II because of the in-group/out-group bias. It ... More


American Race and Gender Schemas

in Dangerous Frames: How Ideas about Race and Gender Shape Public Opinion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902364
eISBN:
9780226902388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902388.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter turns to the nature of Americans' race and gender schemas. It argues that the race and gender schemas depend on popular ideologies of race and gender. A long line of psychological ... More


The Discursive Battlefield of the “War on Terror”: Enabling Strategies for Garnering Public Support in the Rhetoric of George W. Bush and Osama bin Laden

Anna Podvornaia

in Discourses of War and Peace

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199937271
eISBN:
9780199345847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199937271.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter analyzes “call to arms” discourse produced by the US administration and al-Qaeda in the context of the “war on terror” in order to investigate how “call to arms” discourses influence ... More


Value Diversity and How to Manage It

Arthur Lupia

in Uninformed Why People Seem to Know So Little about Politics and What We Can Do about It

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190263720
eISBN:
9780197559598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190263720.003.0015
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Value diversity causes people to give different answers to questions like “What information is most valuable to convey?” and “Who needs to know what?” I define values as do Shalom Schwartz and ... More


Trust and Cooperation: Survey Evidence and Behavioral Experiments

Christian Thöni

in Trust in Social Dilemmas

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190630782
eISBN:
9780190630812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630782.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Most of the empirical research on the role of trust as a determinant for economic prosperity relies on survey measured indicators for trust. In this chapter I discuss a number of studies providing ... More


Contact, intergroup relations, and opportunities for education

David A. Hamburg and Beatrix A. Hamburg

in Learning to Live Together: Preventing Hatred and Violence in Child and Adolescent Development

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195157796
eISBN:
9780197561980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195157796.003.0012
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

If groups are strange to each other and therefore fearful or hostile, why not bring them together so they can get to know each other and become friendly? This plausible approach is more complicated ... More


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