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Original Sin and Children

Gerald SJ O'Collins

in Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203130
eISBN:
9780191707742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203130.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Before taking up the redeeming ‘work’ of Christ, this book fills out its account of the human predicament by examining (a) the enduring legacy of evil that has been named ‘original sin’ from which ... More


Rethinking Augustine's Early Theology: An Argument for Continuity

Carol Harrison

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199281664
eISBN:
9780191603402
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281661.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

Having been at the centre of a century long debate which cast doubt on the nature of Augustine’s conversion, one might assume that Augustine’s early works (386-96) have now been rescued and given ... More


“He Can if He Won't”: The New Haven Doctrine of Original Sin

Douglas A. Sweeney

in Nathaniel Taylor, New Haven Theology, and the Legacy of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195154283
eISBN:
9780199834709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195154282.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The chief theological concern in Taylor's doctrine of original sin lay in avoiding the notion that sin resided as a property or component of humanity's natural constitution. While many Old Calvinists ... More


Predestination: Augustine to Calvin and Beyond

John Casey

in After Lives: A Guide to Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195092950
eISBN:
9780199869732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195092950.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter explores the history and logic of the doctrine of predestination—that because of inherited (“original”) sin man needs divine grace to perform any righteous act. Since grace is a free ... More


The Fall

Carol Harrison

in Rethinking Augustine's Early Theology: An Argument for Continuity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199281664
eISBN:
9780191603402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199281661.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter examines the various ways in which Augustine talks about human fallenness and sin in the early works, and how these relate both to this understanding of creation from nothing and to the ... More


Aquinas: Sin and Grace

TERENCE IRWIN

in The Development of Ethics: Volume 1: From Socrates to the Reformation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242673
eISBN:
9780191680519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242673.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Thomas Aquinas' views on the roles of original sin, grace, and human merit are complex. On the one hand, he seems to affirm the possibility of being ... More


Our Human Condition: Anxiety, Sin, Despair, and Becoming a Self before God

Sylvia Walsh

in Kierkegaard: Thinking Christianly in an Existential Mode

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199208357
eISBN:
9780191695728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208357.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Kierkegaard's angle on the nature of original sin using The Concept of Anxiety, and The Sickness of Death, two of his notable works in Christian thought. It looks into twin ... More


Reason, Will, and Common Grace

Nigel Voak

in Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Begins the second part of the book, examining Hooker’s views on the relation of grace to the human reason and will, in this case from the perspective of non-Christians, who are not in receipt of ... More


The Rites of Christian Initiation

Karen B. Westerfield Tucker

in American Methodist Worship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195126983
eISBN:
9780199834754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512698X.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Tensions occur when a church practices infant baptism but also expects personal faith or even an experience of conversion from its members. Methodists in America struggled theologically with the ... More


Overcoming Moral Evil: Rousseau at the Crossroads

Mark S. Cladis

in Public Vision, Private Lives: Rousseau, Religion, and 21st-Century Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195125542
eISBN:
9780199834082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195125541.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Rousseau is often celebrated or cursed as an exemplar Enlightenment philosopher who declared that although humans are naturally good, society tampers with us and thereby corrupts us. Although ... More


Facilitas, Difficultas, and Voluntas

Simon Harrison

in Augustine's Way into the Will: The Theological and Philosophical Significance of De libero arbitrio

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780198269847
eISBN:
9780191713385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269847.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter addresses the issue, raised in chapter 2, of the supposed contradiction in the text between an ‘early’ and ‘late’ view on the will and its role in doing good. The two crucial passages ... More


Responsibility and Atonement

Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

When we do good or harm to each other, we acquire merit or guilt; deserve praise or blame, reward or punishment, and may need to make atonement. Others may need to forgive us, or show mercy to us. ... More


Reinhold Niebuhr and the Problem of Religious Pluralism

Wilfred M. McClay

in Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Politics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199571833
eISBN:
9780191722264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571833.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

One of the most pressing challenges of our time is how different religions can live peacefully together. This chapter explores the contribution that Niebuhr's fundamental approach to conflict might ... More


 Q & A

Lenn E. Goodman

in Love Thy Neighbour As Thyself

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195328820
eISBN:
9780199870172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328820.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

Christine Korsgaard surveys several ways of warranting ethics (Hobbes, Puffendorff, Moore, Ross, Nagel, Hutcheson, Hume, Mill, Williams). She chooses a neo‐Kantian approach. But Goodman finds her ... More


Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Nigel Voak

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

For many years, Richard Hooker (1554–1600) has traditionally been seen as the first systematic defender of Anglicanism, setting out in Elizabeth I’s reign the English Church’s position as a via media ... More


Sin and Original Sin

Richard Swinburne

in Responsibility and Atonement

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198248491
eISBN:
9780191598555
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198248490.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

All adult humans commit actual sin. Humans also have a proneness to sin, original sinfulness, inherited from a first sinner whom we may call Adam. Adam's responsibility for our sinfulness is confined ... More


Original Sin

Keith Ward

in Religion and Human Nature

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198269618
eISBN:
9780191683718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198269618.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology, World Religions

This chapter examines the Christian doctrine of original sin. It suggests that the contrast between the biblical narrative of human genesis and the evolutionary account of human origin is no longer ... More


Reason, Will, and Grace in the Late Works

Nigel Voak

in Richard Hooker and Reformed Theology: A Study of Reason, Will, and Grace

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260393
eISBN:
9780191602146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260397.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Looks at the relationship between the reason, the will, and grace in Hooker’s ‘late’ writings, defined as the body of material produced in the last two years of his life in response to the Christian ... More


Original Sin, Grace, and Salvation

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams

in Anselm

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309386
eISBN:
9780199852123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309386.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter considers original sin—the injustice that, according to Anselm, is justly transmitted to all human beings who come to exist naturally from Adam—and the grace that eliminates injustice ... More


Purgatory in Early Christian and Patristic Thought

Isabel Moreira

in Heaven's Purge: Purgatory in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199736041
eISBN:
9780199894628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199736041.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter identifies some of the earliest Christian texts to describe purgation as part of the Christian afterlife and examines the interpretation placed on them by patristic authors from Origen ... More


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