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Rawls and the Abstract Contract

Margaret Moore

in Foundations of Liberalism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198273851
eISBN:
9780191599934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198273851.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines Rawls's argument in A Theory of Justice, which attempts to derive liberal rights and rules of justice from an original position or contract among people denied full knowledge of ... More


Utilitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

If some external enforcement agency compels us to honor deals reached in the original position, then Harsanyi has shown that the outcome will be utilitarian. Under the same hypotheses, Rawls claims ... More


Egalitarianism

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter explores the consequence of taking Rawls' concerns about the strains of commitment to their logical extreme. If there is no external enforcement at all, so that all agreements must be ... More


Which Rights Should Be Universal?

William Talbott

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this book, William Talbott builds on the work of J.S. Mill, John Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas to develop a new equilibrium model for moral reasoning, in which moral reasoning is primarily bottom-up, ... More


Moral Science

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter presents an overview of the book. It argues that the metaphysical approach to ethics is a failure and that the time has come to take a scientific view of morality. A social contract is ... More


 The Basic Idea: Justice as Fairness

Thomas Pogge

in John Rawls: His Life and Theory of Justice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780195136364
eISBN:
9780199867691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136364.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The original position, which is Rawls's account of a hypothetical contract, is examined in how it plays an important role in a Rawlsian conception on justice. Through the original position, justice ... More


The Origins of Fair Play: Keynes Lecture in Economics

Ken Binmore

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 151, 2006 Lectures

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264249
eISBN:
9780191734045
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264249.003.0006
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This lecture gives a brief overview of an evolutionary theory of fairness. Most of the ideas discussed in the lecture can be found in the book Natural Justice. The lecture begins by determining how ... More


Rationalism: Between Relativism and Religion

Carlo Invernizzi Accetti

in Relativism and Religion: Why Democratic Societies Do Not Need Moral Absolutes

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170789
eISBN:
9780231540377
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170789.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter critically discusses what is likely to be the dominant response to the religious discourse of anti-relativism within the field of contemporary political theory, focusing in particular on ... More


A Value or an Obligation? Rawls on Justice to Future Generations

David Heyd

in Intergenerational Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199282951
eISBN:
9780191712319
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282951.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter reviews Rawls' attempt to address the theoretical problem of extending the principles of justice to future generations. It examines the two options suggested by Rawls for solving the ... More


AN EPISTEMICALLY MODEST UNIVERSAL MORAL STANDPOINT

William Talbott

in Which Rights Should Be Universal?

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195173475
eISBN:
9780199835331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195173473.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, General

In this chapter, Talbott uses the life of Bartolomé de Las Casas to illustrate the importance of bottom-up moral reasoning. He shows how Las Casas’s experiences in the Americas could have contributed ... More


Rawls's A Theory of Justice

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter is a summary and review of Rawls's book. It offers to identify the fundamental logical flaw at the book's heart: the assumption that if a principle would be rejected by the unbiased ... More


Kantian Congruence and the Unified Self

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

The second of Rawls's two main congruence arguments is “the Kantian Congruence Argument”. This chapter reconstructs that argument, showing how it depends upon Rawls's immediately preceding treatments ... More


Rational Choice Contractualism

Michael Moehler

in Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198785927
eISBN:
9780191827655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198785927.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter discusses contractualist theories of justice that, although they rely explicitly on moral assumptions in the traditional understanding of morality, employ rational choice theory for the ... More


The Public Basis View

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter lays out the received view of Rawls's political turn, according to which Rawls recast his view because of dissatisfaction with the argument which would serve as the public basis for ... More


‘Public Reason’ and Moral Debate

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter provides a close study and critique of Rawls's conception of public reason. ‘Public reason’ can summarily convey four sound elements of classical political thought as found in Aquinas, ... More


Contractualist Common Ownership and the Basic Needs Principle

Megan Blomfield

in Global Justice, Natural Resources, and Climate Change

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198791737
eISBN:
9780191834028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791737.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter draws on Charles Beitz’s account of natural resource justice to defend a method of justification that can be used to develop the Common Ownership view. This method employs an original ... More


Stability and Congruence

Paul Weithman

in Why Political Liberalism?: On John Rawls's Political Turn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195393033
eISBN:
9780199894901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393033.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins an overview of the interpretation of Rawls that is defended throughout the book. It argues that Rawls must be taken at his word when he says that he recast his view as a political ... More


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