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The Origin

Jan Sapp

in Genesis: The Evolution of Biology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195156195
eISBN:
9780199790340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156195.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses the evolutionary theory Darwin developed in The Origin of Species. Topics covered include Charles Lyell's contribution to Darwin's thinking, Darwin's shift from believing in ... More


Darwin the Writer

George Levine

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608430
eISBN:
9780191731709
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608430.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book studies Charles Darwin's writing as literature, and The Origin of Species as the most important book in English in the 19th century, and surprisingly, one of the most beautiful. Reading ... More


The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Norman Kretzmann

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Metaphysics of Creation is a continuation of the project begun in The Metaphysics of Theism, moving the focus to the second book of Aquinas's Summa contra gentiles. Building upon his ... More


The Origin of Species

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Creation: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles II

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246540
eISBN:
9780191597879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246548.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Aquinas now moves from arguments about creation to distinguishing things, which is, broadly speaking, to be described as his understanding of the origin of species. Like Augustine, Aquinas adopts a ... More


Darwin and the Darwinians

John S. Wilkins

in Species: A History of the Idea

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520260856
eISBN:
9780520945074
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520260856.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species discusses why species evolve to be distinct from parental forms, and how they have done so. Darwin's definition of species is simply that they do not ... More


Is Evolution a Theory?

E. Brian Davies

in Science in the Looking Glass: What Do Scientists Really Know?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199219186
eISBN:
9780191711695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219186.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter discusses how scientists came to their present beliefs about the origin of species, then focuses on establishing which parts of evolutionary theory are established fact and which parts ... More


The Last Chapter: After Darwin

Fiona J. Stafford

in The Last of the Race: The Growth of a Myth from Milton to Darwin

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112228
eISBN:
9780191670718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112228.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, 17th-century and Restoration Literature, Mythology and Folklore

Different revolutionary ideas had already been published about the myth of the last of the race by 1859, but it was Charles Darwin who produced a theory sufficiently effective to destroy the old ... More


Scene of the Crime: Evolution in American Education Before 1920

Edward J. Larson

in Trial and Error: The American Controversy Over Creation and Evolution

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154719
eISBN:
9780199849505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154719.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides some historical background by examining evolutionary teaching in America during the years leading up to the anti-evolution crusade. It reviews the treatment of evolution in the ... More


Darwin’s Principle of Divergence: Why Fodor Was Almost Right

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin believed his principle of divergence as important as his principle of natural selection. Darwin asserted, however, that he came to recognize the principle only in the 1850s, long after he had ... More


The Advent of the Modern Fauna: On the Births and Deaths of Species, 1801–1831

Niles Eldredge

in Eternal Ephemera: Adaptation and the Origin of Species from the Nineteenth Century Through Punctuated Equilibria and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153164
eISBN:
9780231526753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153164.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter talks about the earliest decades of the scientific study of “transmutation,” previously called evolution, in which early evolutionists focused on the search for a natural causal ... More


Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection and Its Moral Purpose

Robert J. Richards

in Was Hitler a Darwinian?: Disputed Questions in the History of Evolutionary Theory

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226058764
eISBN:
9780226059099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226059099.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Darwin constructed his conception of natural selection over a long period of time, not in the very instant when he read Malthus. Most scholars assume that Darwin formulated his principle of natural ... More


Darwin's Embryological Theory of Progressive Evolution

in The Meaning of Evolution: The Morphological Construction and Ideological Reconstruction of Darwin's Theory

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226712024
eISBN:
9780226712055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226712055.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the gradual, uniform development of Charles Darwin's embryological ideas and their role in his species theory. The principle of embryological and recapitulation model allowed ... More


H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Sander Gliboff

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The German translation of Charles Darwin’s On the Origin of Species appeared in 1860, just months after the original, thanks to Heinrich Georg Bronn, a distinguished German paleontologist whose work ... More


Darwin's choice

Nicolaas Rupke

in Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226608402
eISBN:
9780226608426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226608426.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Ideology, especially in relation to science, has a negative connotation and is used in a pejorative sense. During the past few decades, historians of science have begun to argue that all biology is ... More


Darwin’s Origin

Sander Gliboff

in H.G. Bronn, Ernst Haeckel, and the Origins of German Darwinism: A Study in Translation and Transformation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262072939
eISBN:
9780262273923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262072939.003.0040
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Charles Darwin did not share all of Heinrich Georg Bronn’s concerns about the status of biology and paleontology as independent Wissenschaften. Unlike Bronn, Darwin was not interested in patterns in ... More


Evolution through Genetic Exchange

Michael L. Arnold

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199229031
eISBN:
9780191728266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229031.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Even before the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, the perception of evolutionary change has been a tree-like pattern of diversification — with divergent branches spreading further and ... More


Every Cheating Tradesman: The Political Economy of Natural Selection

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The records of Darwin's Beagle voyage reveal the connections he drew between natural, political and moral economies. He explicitly described his encounter with the natives of Tierra del Fuego in ... More


Bicycles, Centaurs, and Man-faced Ox-creatures: Ontological Instability in Lucretius

Gordon Campbell

in Classical Constructions: Papers in Memory of Don Fowler, Classicist and Epicurean

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199218035
eISBN:
9780191711534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218035.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The publication of Darwin’s On the Origin of Species in 1859 led to considerable psychological insecurity for many people over the place of humanity in the ‘scale’ of nature, and over our ... More


Malthus or Mutualism?: Huxley, Kropotkin, and the Moral Meaning of Darwinism

Piers J. Hale

in Political Descent: Malthus, Mutualism, and the Politics of Evolution in Victorian England

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226108490
eISBN:
9780226108520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226108520.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In ‘The Struggle for Existence’ (1888) Huxley portrayed nature as a Malthusian gladiators arena in which only the strong survived. While this was the context from which humans had evolved, mankind ... More


Deciphering Darwin’s Trees

J. David Archibald

in Aristotle's Ladder, Darwin's Tree: The Evolution of Visual Metaphors for Biological Order

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164122
eISBN:
9780231537667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164122.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines Charles Darwin's various evolutionary trees, which deal more with his attempts to understand the process of evolution than its pattern. The idea of “descent with modification,” ... More


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