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Al-Ghazālī on the Role of falsafa in Islam

Frank Griffel

in Al-Ghazali's Philosophical Theology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195331622
eISBN:
9780199867998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331622.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Islam

This brief chapter discusses al-Ghazali’s attitude toward the tradition of Aristotelianism in Islam (falsafa). His criticism of twenty teachings held by Muslim Aristotelians (falasifa), and among ... More


Google Me: One-Click Democracy

Barbara Cassin

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780823278060
eISBN:
9780823280506
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823278060.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

In this witty and openly polemical critique of Google, Barbara Cassin looks at Google’s claims to organize knowledge, and its alleged ethical basis, through a reading of its two founding principles: ... More


How Aristotle gets by in Metaphysics Zeta

Frank A. Lewis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199664016
eISBN:
9780191748431
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664016.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Metaphysics Book Zeta is widely regarded as the text in which Aristotle presents his fully developed theory of “substance”—his account of the basic entities on which the reality of things in the ... More


The Epigenesis of Reason: Force and Organ in Kant and Herder

Leif Weatherby

in Transplanting the Metaphysical Organ

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823269402
eISBN:
9780823269457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823269402.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Immanuel Kant and his one-time student Johann Gottfried Herder developed the first consistent metaphorical use of the term “organ” in the German language, applying it not only to bodies but also to ... More


Electric and Ideal Organs: Schelling and the Program of Organology

Leif Weatherby

in Transplanting the Metaphysical Organ

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780823269402
eISBN:
9780823269457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823269402.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Schelling’s philosophy moved from a physiological organ for knowledge of the absolute—based on studies of animal electricity by Luigi Galvani, Alexander von Humboldt, and Johann Wilhelm Ritter—to a ... More


Aristotle’s Categories in the Early Roman Empire

Michael J. Griffin

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780198724735
eISBN:
9780191792267
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724735.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This book studies the origin and evolution of philosophical interest in Aristotle's Categories. After centuries of neglect, the Categories became the focus of philosophical discussion in the first ... More


The Nature and Place of Logic: A History of Controversies

Huaping Lu-Adler

in Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190907136
eISBN:
9780190907143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter sketches a history of philosophy of logic from Aristotle, along with Epicurus and the early Stoics, to the late sixteenth century. The analysis revolves around the (supposedly) ... More


The Making of a Scientific Logic from Bacon to Wolff

Huaping Lu-Adler

in Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190907136
eISBN:
9780190907143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter examines how Francis Bacon, Locke, Leibniz, and Wolff view the nature of logic and its role in our cognitive endeavors. Bacon initiates a “natural history” method by which to overhaul ... More


Kant on the Way to His Own Philosophy of Logic

Huaping Lu-Adler

in Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190907136
eISBN:
9780190907143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter considers how Kant, from the mid-1760s through the mid-1770s, navigated between existing accounts of logic before finding his own voice. It highlights two breakthroughs that would ... More


Logic and the Demands of Kantian “Science”

Huaping Lu-Adler

in Kant and the Science of Logic: A Historical and Philosophical Reconstruction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190907136
eISBN:
9780190907143
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190907136.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter examines Kant’s account of logic in the Critique, analyzing his claim that pure general logic is formal, properly scientific, and complete. It distinguishes three aspects of formality, ... More


Thomas Aquinas, Preface to his Expositio of Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics, 1270

Rita Copeland and Ineke Sluiter (eds)

in Medieval Grammar and Rhetoric: Language Arts and Literary Theory, AD 300 -1475

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199653782
eISBN:
9780191803628
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199653782.003.0049
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the preface to Thomas Aquinas's Expositio of Aristotle's Posterior Analytics. Written in 1270, the preface represents a culmination of twelfth- and thirteenth-century thought ... More


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