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An Experiment of Flexible Specialization in Cyprus

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines a ten-year effort to reform the furniture manufacturing sector of Cyprus, according to the industrial model of flexible specialization. The reform initiative involved the ... More


Pemex—Transforming a National Company

Chrisanthi Avgerou

in Information Systems and Global Diversity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199263424
eISBN:
9780191714252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263424.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter studies the efforts of Pemex, the Mexican oil corporation, to develop effective information systems over the past four decades. The information systems innovation processes are discussed ... More


Operating the 1974 Railways Act: Financial Results, Organisational Responses, and Relations with Government

Terry Gourvish

in British Rail 1974–1997: From Integration to Privatisation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199250059
eISBN:
9780191719516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250059.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter begins with a discussion of decline in British Rail's financial performance between 1974 and 1979. It then discusses the impetus for organizational reform, the new organization of 1977, ... More


Explaining Change in Leadership Selectorates 1

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter establishes considerable movement in the expansion of the leadership selectorate in recent decades. At the starting point of this study (1965), the large majority of parties restricted ... More


The Reforming Organization

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the book’s main themes. The book is intended to contribute to the literature on change in general and organizational reform in particular. It is also intended as a contribution ... More


Conservative Century

ANTHONY SELDON

in Conservative Century: The Conservative Party since 1900

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202387
eISBN:
9780191675317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202387.003.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

This chapter presents the history of the Conservative Party since the late nineteenth century and suggests a cyclical chronological pattern of failure and success. It notes that during the nineteenth ... More


Organizational Reforms as Routines

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter argues that organizational reforms are driven by problems to be addressed, by solutions to be applied, and by forgetfulness. The greater the supply of any of these factors, the more ... More


The Politics of Telecommunications: National Institutions, Convergences, and Change in Britain and France

Mark Thatcher

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280743
eISBN:
9780191684388
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280743.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book confronts some of the most important questions related to liberalization, regulation, and the role of the nation state in an increasingly international economy. In the face of powerful ... More


Command, Control, and Force Structure

Daivd Shambaugh

in Modernizing China's Military: Progress, Problems, and Prospects

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520225077
eISBN:
9780520938106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520225077.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter elucidates the considerable restructuring, streamlining, and change in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in recent years. This process has not been easy, as it has resulted in the ... More


Reform and Power

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

The essential idea behind organizational reform is that reformers are powerful — that they can freely choose and create new forms that improve operations and lead to better results. Drawing on ... More


Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

William P. Cross and André Blais

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This book is a comparative study of the rules, norms, and behaviour surrounding political party leadership. The primary analysis includes twenty‐five parties in Australia, Canada, Ireland, New ... More


Constructing Organizations: The Example of Public Sector Reform

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the social construction of organizations and the way in which this is influenced by the theoretical concept of organization. It considers examples from recent publicsector ... More


Leadership Selection in Non-Westminster Democracies 1

William Cross and André Blais

in Politics at the Centre: The Selection and Removal of Party Leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199596720
eISBN:
9780191740688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596720.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter considers whether the findings thus far have applicability outside the Westminster cases. Specifically, this chapter reviews the available evidence on who selects party leaders in two ... More


The Making of the Modern NGO: Organizational Reform and Financial Stability

Matthew Hilton, James Mckay, Nicholas Crowson, and Jean‐François Mouhot

in The Politics of Expertise: How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199691876
eISBN:
9780191745126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691876.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Political History

Complementing Chapter three, this chapter moves on from the increasingly professional ethos that characterized those who chose to forge their careers in NGOs, and looks to the organizational reforms ... More


Implementing Reforms

Nils Brunsson

in The Consequences of Decision-Making

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199206285
eISBN:
9780191860201
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199206285.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter continues to analyze the relationship between decision and action using a case study on Swedish Rail (Statens Järnvägar, SJ). In February 1987, the board of directors of SJ met to ... More


Beliefs Creating Reform: The Case of Markets and Organizations

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter discusses the difference between beliefs and practice within institutions, and investigates the effects of this difference on the frequency of reforms. It argues that even when beliefs ... More


Regional Variation in the Rural Economy

Louis Putterman

in Continuity and Change in China’s Rural Development: Collective and Reform Eras in Perspective

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195078725
eISBN:
9780199854950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195078725.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter describes the significance of regional variation in the analysis of the rural economy’s soundness and the influences of organizational and policy reforms to micro-level participants such ... More


The Hopeful Organization

Nils Brunsson

in Reform as Routine: Organizational Change and Stability in the Modern World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198296706
eISBN:
9780191860195
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198296706.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter provides some examples of ‘mechanisms of hope’ that prevent people from relinquishing their ideals — that keep them hopeful and encourage them to continue reforming even when they ... More


From Reform to Realism: The Council of Europe

Errki Kourula

in The Reality of International Law: Essays in Honour of Ian Brownlie

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198268376
eISBN:
9780191683510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198268376.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter examines the reform of the Council of Europe. It suggests that the reform process should be able to address a number of generic and administrative issues, including its visibility and ... More


Regulatory Failure

Robert Baldwin, Martin Cave, and Martin Lodge

in Understanding Regulation: Theory, Strategy, and Practice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199576081
eISBN:
9780191806698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199576081.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter examines the causes of regulatory failure as well as remedies that can be devised. It first considers the link between regulatory failure and ‘good’ regulation before turning to a ... More


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