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Certification and the State: The Dilemmas of Growth

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Despite hostility from government officials and the conventional food establishment, organic grew in popularity among consumers throughout the 1970s and 80s. During this period organic farmers in ... More


Stabilizing the Market, Dividing the Field: Federal Regulation, Field Settlement, and the Emergence of Conflict

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the passage of the Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990 and the subsequent development of the National Organic Program (NOP), which established federal rules for the ... More


Certification Standards and the Governance of Green Foods in Southeast Asia

Steffanie Scott, Peter Vandergeest, and Mary Young

in Corporate Power in Global Agrifood Governance

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012751
eISBN:
9780262255509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012751.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the certification standards for “green” foods in Southeast Asia. It highlights the role of transnational corporations in setting and enforcing standards that are required for ... More


Natural Foods Stores: Environmental Entrepreneurs and the Perils of Growth

Joshua Clark Davis

in From Head Shops to Whole Foods: The Rise and Fall of Activist Entrepreneurs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231171588
eISBN:
9780231543088
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171588.003.0006
Subject:
History, Economic History

Chapter five examines natural foods stores that sold vegetarian and organic products with the goal of advancing the causes of environmentalism, animal rights, and pacifism. Natural foods sellers ... More


Making Money by Saving the World

Geoffrey Jones

in Profits and Sustainability: A History of Green Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198706977
eISBN:
9780191840340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198706977.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter examines the scaling and diffusion of green entrepreneurship between 1980 and the present. It explores how entrepreneurs and business leaders promoted the idea that business and ... More


Visions of Transformation and Growth: Institutional Logics and Social Processes in the Organic Sector

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter introduces the transformative and expansionary logics that exist in the organic sector, using both illustrative vignettes and formal exposition, and explains the book’s twin goals of (1) ... More


Organic Hits the Mainstream

Connor J. Fitzmaurice and Brian J. Gareau

in Organic Futures: Struggling for Sustainability on the Small Farm

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300199451
eISBN:
9780300224856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300199451.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

With the passage of the U.S. Organic Foods Production Act (OFPA) of 1990, organic food left the fringes of America’s agricultural economy and received federal recognition— and regulation. But how did ... More


Be a Super Shopper!: Precautionary Consumption at the Grocery Store

Norah MacKendrick

in Better Safe Than Sorry: How Consumers Navigate Exposure to Everyday Toxics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780520296688
eISBN:
9780520969070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520296688.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter examines how grocery stores and Whole Foods Market in particular, have driven the rise of precautionary consumption. It takes the reader through a Whole Foods Market store to understand ... More


Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Michael A. Haedicke

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This book traces the struggle to reconcile ideas and practices related to market growth, on the one hand, and sociocultural change, on the other, that exists within the U.S. organic foods sector. ... More


Born in the U.S.A.: The Americanness of Industrial Agriculture

Peter A. Coclanis

in Food Fights: How History Matters to Contemporary Food Debates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469652894
eISBN:
9781469652917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652894.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

American agriculture has been the backbone of American industry since the eighteenth century, and American agriculture has long embraced industrial practices. Peter Coclanis argues that we should ... More


Food Activism: A Critical History

Steve Striffler

in Food Fights: How History Matters to Contemporary Food Debates

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469652894
eISBN:
9781469652917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469652894.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Food activism in the United States has followed two broad currents that are critical of the conventional food system. The first seeks to reform the system by improving wages, working conditions, and ... More


Poisoned Earth: Green Businesses, 1930s–1950s

Geoffrey Jones

in Profits and Sustainability: A History of Green Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198706977
eISBN:
9780191840340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198706977.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter looks at green business between the 1930s and the 1950s, when most policy-makers, voters, and consumers had little interest in the natural environment. It considers organic food, natural ... More


Earthrise and the Rise of Green Business

Geoffrey Jones

in Profits and Sustainability: A History of Green Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198706977
eISBN:
9780191840340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198706977.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

The chapter examines green business during the 1960s and 1970, decades of new environmental awareness. In organic food natural beauty, a number of commercially viable green businesses and brands ... More


The Politics of Meaning: From Frames to Design Conflicts

David J. Hess

in Undone Science: Social Movements, Mobilized Publics, and Industrial Transitions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035132
eISBN:
9780262336444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035132.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

The chapter reviews the literature on frame analysis and narratives in social movement studies and the parallel literature in science and technology studies on technological frames, boundary objects, ... More


Pioneering in Food and Energy

Geoffrey Jones

in Profits and Sustainability: A History of Green Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198706977
eISBN:
9780191840340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198706977.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter examines the pioneering green entrepreneurs in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who emerged in natural food and wind and solar energy. They were not conservationists but ... More


Deaf Smith: What’s Old-Fashioned Is New Again

Jon Krampner

in Creamy and Crunchy: An Informal History of Peanut Butter, the All-American Food

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231162333
eISBN:
9780231530934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231162333.003.0012
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter charts the history of the Deaf Smith brand of peanut butter. In the early 1970s, the conservative High Plains residents of Deaf Smith County in the Texas Panhandle region were treated to ... More


Life Is with People: Community and Cooperation in the Park Slope Food Coop

Lana Dee Povitz

in Stirrings: How Activist New Yorkers Ignited a Movement for Food Justice

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653013
eISBN:
9781469653037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653013.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter uses Brooklyn’s Park Slope Food Coop as a case study of community building from a place of privilege. In contrast to food activists who grounded their work in citizens’ rights and ... More


Networks, Conventions, and Regions: Theorizing ‘Worlds of Food’

Kevin Morgan, Terry Marsden, and Jonathan Murdoch

in Worlds of Food: Place, Power, and Provenance in the Food Chain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199271580
eISBN:
9780191917721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199271580.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Economic Geography

Food is a long-standing productive activity which carries a number of different production and consumption attributes. However, much of the recent literature focuses ... More


Conclusion

Geoffrey Jones

in Profits and Sustainability: A History of Green Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198706977
eISBN:
9780191840340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198706977.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, International Business

This chapter reviews the history of green entrepreneurship, arguing that green entrepreneurship was shaped by four different temporal contexts between the mid-nineteenth century and the present day. ... More


A New Era

Mark R. Stoll

in Inherit the Holy Mountain: Religion and the Rise of American Environmentalism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
June 2015
ISBN:
9780190230869
eISBN:
9780190230890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190230869.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Religion and Literature

Like Congregationalists before them, Presbyterians faded from prominence. New denominations come to the fore. Most valued human presence in the landscape, as exemplified in the artwork of Leo Twiggs, ... More


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