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WHY ORGANIC AGRICULTURE?

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter discusses how organic production differs from conventional practices and how to farm organically. It explains the environmental and health implications of conventional practices and ... More


THE TOOLS OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter gives a history of organic farming and the biological technologies that organic farmers rely upon. Based on present trends, consumer demand and organic-based research are likely to ... More


Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

In modern agricultural politics, organic farming and genetic engineering occupy opposite ends of the spectrum. In the Ronald-Adamchak household, the world is not so black and white. Ronald is a ... More


Green and Greener: Environmentalism, Agriculture, and GM Plants

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Ironic in many ways is the opposition that environmental activists have shown toward transgenic crops. They oppose biotechnology in general: today’s transgenic plants that have indirect environmental ... More


DECONSTRUCTING DINNER: GENETICALLY ENGINEERED, ORGANICALLY GROWN

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter describes a typical family dinner. It offers a discussion of genetically engineered and organic foods, and gives some family recipes.


CONSERVING WILDLANDS

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

As the world's population grows (it is expected to increase from the current 6.7 billion to 9.2 billion by 2050), fewer and fewer wild places remain. Today vast areas of Earth resemble the ... More


Does organic farming affect biodiversity?

Ruth E. Feber, Paul J. Johnson, Dan E. Chamberlain, Leslie G. Firbank, Robert J. Fuller, Barbara Hart, Will Manley, Fiona Mathews, Lisa R. Norton, Martin Townsend, and David W. Macdonald

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1: Managing for nature on lowland farms

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745488
eISBN:
9780191807558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745488.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Farmland biodiversity in Europe has been declining for some time, particularly steeply in the second half of the twentieth century. The consensus is that agricultural intensification is largely ... More


LEGISLATING LUNCH

Pamela C. Ronald and Raoul W. Adamchak

in Tomorrow's Table: Organic Farming, Genetics, and the Future of Food

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195301755
eISBN:
9780199867196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301755.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

This chapter offers a discussion of consumer concerns about GE technology in terms of science and politics. Among other issues, it discusses concerns regarding herbicides and pesticides.


Breaking Ground for a New Agriculture: Transformation and Expansion during the Organic Sector’s Early Years

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter examines the origins of the transformative and expansionary logics in the organic sector and makes the argument that ideas and practices related to both market expansion and ... More


Certification and the State: The Dilemmas of Growth

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Despite hostility from government officials and the conventional food establishment, organic grew in popularity among consumers throughout the 1970s and 80s. During this period organic farmers in ... More


Narratives of Nature and Science in Alternative Farming Networks

Raul Lejano, Mrill Ingram, and Helen Ingram

in The Power of Narrative in Environmental Networks

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780262019378
eISBN:
9780262315340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019378.003.0006
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

To understand how organic agriculture has emerged as a visible practice, despite being marginalised until fairly recently, this chapter analyses the narrative-networks that sustained it for over ... More


The Birth of the Organic Movement

Brian K. Obach

in Organic Struggle: The Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029094
eISBN:
9780262328302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0002
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter traces the early history of the organic movement, emphasizing three debates that would persist to the present: what specifically defines organic practices, the role of spirituality ... More


Visions of Transformation and Growth: Institutional Logics and Social Processes in the Organic Sector

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter introduces the transformative and expansionary logics that exist in the organic sector, using both illustrative vignettes and formal exposition, and explains the book’s twin goals of (1) ... More


Conclusion: Out of Right Field and into Home

C. Neal Stewart

in Genetically Modified Planet: Environmental Impacts of Genetically Engineered Plants

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195157451
eISBN:
9780199790388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157451.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Biotechnology

Environmental risks must be viewed in context with benefits. Biotechnology must be compared with the current best alternative technologies, and not with idealistic but impractical farming practices. ... More


Farming for the future: Optimizing farming systems for society and the environment

Hanna L. Tuomisto, Ian D. Hodge, Philip Riordan, and David W. Macdonald

in Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 1: Managing for nature on lowland farms

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745488
eISBN:
9780191807558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745488.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

This chapter compares environmental impacts of organic, conventional, and integrated farming systems. The first part present results of a meta-analysis comparing environmental impacts of organic and ... More


“Making an Ant’s Forehead of Difference”: Organic Agriculture as an Alternative Lifestyle in Japan

Nancy Rosenberger

in Capturing Contemporary Japan: Differentiation and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824838683
eISBN:
9780824868895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824838683.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines alternative ways of living in Japan in the 2000s by focusing on the life of a young female organic farmer in relation to the concepts of resistance and identity. Drawing on the ... More


The Globalization of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0008
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Between 1950 and 1980 the organic movement increasingly integrated with an environmental movement that emphasized a link between ecology and human health, informing a new emphasis on air pollution, ... More


To the Empire and Beyond

Gregory A. Barton

in The Global History of Organic Farming

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter traces the expansion of industrial agricultural methods after the Second World War. Western governments and the Food and Agriculture Organization pushed for increased use of chemical ... More


The Benefits and Sustainability of Organic Farming by Peasant Coffee Farmers in Chiapas, Mexico

María Elena Martínez-Torres

in Confronting the Coffee Crisis: Fair Trade, Sustainable Livelihoods and Ecosystems in Mexico and Central America

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262026338
eISBN:
9780262267526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262026338.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Drawing on survey data from small coffee producer cooperatives in the state of Chiapas, Mexico, this chapter assesses the sustainability of different coffee-production technologies, the role of which ... More


Institutional Logics and Social Processes Revisited: Insights from the Organic Sector

Michael A. Haedicke

in Organizing Organic: Conflict and Compromise in an Emerging Market

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780804795906
eISBN:
9780804798730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804795906.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter reviews the book’s major arguments and discusses the study’s implications for understanding multi-institutional fields (in general) and the future of the organic foods sector (in ... More


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