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Introduction: Selectionist Reasoning as a Tool of Thought

John Ziman

in The Evolution of Cultural Entities

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197262627
eISBN:
9780191771989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262627.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter focuses on a new mode of metascientific reasoning that applies the underlying rationale of Charles Darwin's explanation of the ‘Origin of Species’ to many other examples of historical ... More


Evolution as Progressing Complexity

Raphael Falk

in Transformations of Lamarckism: From Subtle Fluids to Molecular Biology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015141
eISBN:
9780262295642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015141.003.0038
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter suggests that Lamarck advanced the theory that the history of organic evolution is based on a progressive increase of complexity as the very consequence of the cumulative continuity of ... More


Phenotypic Plasticity

Massimo Pigliucci

in Evolution—the Extended Synthesis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513678
eISBN:
9780262315142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513678.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the possible role of phenotypic plasticity in macroevolution. It analyzes how evolutionary biologists are now using the concept of plasticity to expand the horizons of the ... More


The Vision Animal

John F. Hoffecker

in Landscape of the Mind: Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231147040
eISBN:
9780231518482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231147040.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter looks at how humans have developed two features related to the coded information stored in neural networks that made them unique among all living organisms. First, humans have developed ... More


A Defense of Achinstein's Pragmatism about Explanation

Adam M. Goldstein

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Carl Hempel and many others influenced by him claim that explanations in science require showing why the event to be explained occurred, by showing that it is necessary, given the laws of nature and ... More


Turbulent Transitions

Ganesh Sitaraman

in The Counterinsurgent's Constitution: Law in the Age of Small Wars

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199930319
eISBN:
9780190260156
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199930319.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter distinguishes between war and peace and examines the dynamics of turbulent transitions. Despite the assumption that transitions involve a clean break between war and peace, contemporary ... More


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