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Aperiodic Crystals: From Modulated Phases to Quasicrystals

Ted Janssen, Gervais Chapuis, and Marc de Boissieu

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567776
eISBN:
9780191718335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

Until the 1970s, all materials studied consisted of periodic arrays of unit cells, or were amorphous. In the last decades a new class of solid state matter, called aperiodic crystals, has been found. ... More


Water Contaminants

KENNETH P. CANTOR, MARY H. WARD, LEE E. MOORE, and JAY H LUBIN

in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195149616
eISBN:
9780199865062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149616.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses water contaminants that may contribute to the human cancer burden. Specifically, it addresses the epidemiologic evidence for several contaminants and includes information on ... More


Molecular Aggregation: Structure analysis and molecular simulation of crystals and liquids

Angelo Gavezzotti

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198570806
eISBN:
9780191718779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570806.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Intermolecular interactions stem from the electric properties of atoms. Being the cause of molecular aggregation, intermolecular forces are at the roots of chemistry and are the fabric of the world. ... More


Ether/Or

in Image and Reality: Kekule, Kopp, and the Scientific Imagination

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226723327
eISBN:
9780226723358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723358.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

A paper by Alexander Williamson, read at the annual meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in Edinburgh on August 3, 1850, was groundbreaking in a lot of ways. As the first ... More


Introduction

Phoebe N. Okowa

in State Responsibility for Transboundary Air Pollution in International Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198260974
eISBN:
9780191682186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198260974.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This introductory chapter first sets out the purpose of the book, which is to examine what states claim in the context of disputes involving transboundary air pollution and what they protest to as ... More


Outdoor Air Pollution

Andrea Hricko

in Safe and Healthy School Environments

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195179477
eISBN:
9780199864638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179477.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses outdoor air pollution in school environments. Outdoor (ambient) air pollution presents a number of issues in the school environment, including exposure of children to diesel ... More


Costs of Air Quality Regulation

Randy A. Becker and J. Vernon Henderson

in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226094816
eISBN:
9780226094809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226094809.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An ongoing debate in the United States concerns the costs imposed by environmental regulations on industry. This chapter explores some of the costs associated with air quality regulation, focusing on ... More


Phytoplankton Productivity

John Raven

in Marine Plankton: A practical guide to ecology, methodology, and taxonomy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199233267
eISBN:
9780191835698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199233267.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes the productivity of phytoplankton, from the initial energy and chemical requirements for photosynthesis to the rate of production of heterotrophic organisms. Phytoplankton are ... More


Emissions and Urban Air

William G. Wilson

in Constructed Climates: A Primer on Urban Environments

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226901459
eISBN:
9780226901473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226901473.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter looks at the issues involving air, covering the causes and consequences of contributions from both human and nonhuman organisms. Humans dominate emissions in urban areas. Air quality ... More


Combustion Calorimetry

José A. Martinho Simões and Manuel Minas da Piedade

in Molecular Energetics: Consensed-Phase Thermochemical Techniques

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195133196
eISBN:
9780197561553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195133196.003.0011
Subject:
Chemistry, Thermochemistry and Chemical Thermodynamics

Calorimetric studies of combustion reactions in oxygen and fluorine atmospheres have been a major source of enthalpy of formation data, particularly for ... More


Top-down pressures and indirect defences

Edward E. Farmer

in Leaf Defence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199671441
eISBN:
9780191779626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671441.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Plant populations are remodelled after carnivore removal, and the animals that eat herbivores can play critical roles in the biology of the leaf. Of particular interest is the fact that plants often ... More


Carbon Dioxide as a Reactant and Solvent in Catalysis

Ryoji Noyori and Takao Ikariya

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

An increased awareness of global atmospheric carbon levels and heightened efforts to recover industrial emissions prior to their release into the ... More


Fluorous Phases and Compressed Carbon Dioxide as Alternative Solvents for Chemical Synthesis: A Comparison

Walter Leitner

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0009
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

The principal goal of basic research in chemical synthesis is the development of efficient tools for functional group transformations and for the assembly ... More


The Atmospheric Component of Biogeochemical Cycles in the Amazon Basin

Paulo Artaxo

in The Biogeochemistry of the Amazon Basin

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195114317
eISBN:
9780197561140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195114317.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Tropical forests, with their high biological activity, have the potential to emit large amounts of trace gases and aerosol particles to the atmosphere. The accelerated development and land clearing ... More


Air Pollution, Air Quality, and Climate Change

Alan H. Lockwood

in Heat Advisory: Protecting Health on a Warming Planet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034876
eISBN:
9780262335737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The effects of climate change on air quality are difficult to model due to the large number of unpredictable variables. Hotter temperatures favor ozone production. Higher atmospheric water content ... More


Coatings from Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Yury Chernyak and Florence Henon

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0018
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

This chapter describes several aspects of the use of carbon dioxide as a solvent or cosolvent in coating applications. The primary impetus for using carbon ... More


Satellites and Pluto

Yuk L. Yung and William B. DeMore

in Photochemistry of Planetary Atmospheres

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195105018
eISBN:
9780197560990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195105018.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Atmospheric Sciences

The presence of an atmosphere on a small planetary body the size of the Moon is surprising. Loss of material by escape would have depleted the atmosphere over the age ... More


The Koshi’s Revenge

Cheryl Colopy

in Dirty, Sacred Rivers: Confronting South Asia's Water Crisis

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199845019
eISBN:
9780197563212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199845019.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Management of Land and Natural Resources

The Koshi spoke during the monsoon of 2008. She opened a new path, just as Dinesh Mishra predicted. The river breached an apparently ill-constructed and certainly ... More


One of the Best Enterprises in Russia

Peter Thomson

in Sacred Sea: A Journey to Lake Baikal

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195170511
eISBN:
9780197562208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195170511.003.0025
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The Angara River races out of Lake Baikal like a daughter fleeing her angry father for the arms of her lover. So goes the legend of the powerful river that ... More


Free-Radical Chemistry in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

J. M. Tanko

in Green Chemistry Using Liquid and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154832
eISBN:
9780197561935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154832.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Environmental Chemistry

During the 1990s, the chemical industry has focused on ways to reduce and prevent pollution caused by chemical synthesis and manufacturing. The goal of ... More


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