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Call to Order: How Sequence Effects in Humans and Artificial Systems Illuminate Each Other

Frank E. Ritter and Josef Nerb

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins by defining order effects and the intended audience for this book. It then describes the subsequent chapters to introduce them, make some preliminary conclusions, and note open ... More


Making Your Own Order: Order Effects in System- and User-Controlled Settings for Learning and Problem Solving

Katharina Scheiter and Peter Gerjets

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the question of how tasks should be ordered to foster learning and the transfer of knowledge. It first reviews the existing findings on simple-to-complex sequencing and ... More


Down to detail

Marian Stamp Dawkins

in Observing Animal Behaviour: design and analysis of quantitative data

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198569350
eISBN:
9780191717512
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569350.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

An important part of the planning of any project is the construction of a detailed protocol or research plan. This should be detailed enough that someone else could read it and see exactly what was ... More


An Ordered Chaos: How Do Order Effects Arise in a Cognitive Model?

Fernand Gobet and Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses how order effects arise within EPAM (Elementary Perceiver and Memorizer), an influential computational theory of cognition developed by Feigenbaum and Simon. EPAM acquires ... More


All Is in Order

John Sweller

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The chapters in this book provide an extensive survey of the viewpoints and methodologies that have been and can be used to study order effects in learning. Either implicitly or explicitly, each ... More


The Necessity of Order in Machine Learning: Is Order in Order?

A. Cornuéjols

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a detailed introduction to, and overview of, the theories from machine learning, and introduces some of the basic theoretical concepts and models from computational studies of ... More


Rules of Order: Process Models of Human Learning

Josef Nerb, Frank E. Ritter, and Pat Langley

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Science is concerned not only with data, but also with models or theories that explain those data. Because human cognition is dynamic and involves change over time, accounts of cognition often take ... More


Timing Is in Order: Modeling Order Effects in the Learning of Information

Philip I. Pavlik

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Simple memorization of information, because it does not have the complexity of more conceptual learning, provides a paradigm for investigating how primitive memory processes may underlie order ... More


Frequency learning and order effects in belief updating

Martin Baumann and Josef F. Krems

in Etc. Frequency Processing and Cognition

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198508632
eISBN:
9780191687365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508632.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Studies on frequency processing suggest that people can process frequency information automatically and can use this information in judgement task quite accurately. This chapter examines whether ... More


Order Out of Chaos: Order in Neural Networks

Peter C. R. Lane

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides details about order effects in neural networks, a commonly used modeling approach. It examines two networks in detail, the Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) architecture and Jeff ... More


Order or No Order: System Versus Learner Control in Sequencing Simulation-Based Scientific Discovery Learning

Janine Swaak and Ton de Jong

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

What does sequencing have to do with scientific discovery or inquiry learning? Can principles of traditional instruction, such as sequencing, even coexist with ideas of self-regulated learning and ... More


Learning in Order: Steps of Acquiring the Concept of the Day/Night Cycle

Katharina Morik and Martin Mühlenbrock

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents a detailed model of children's explanations of where the sun goes at night. Knowledge of the day/night cycle is one of the first relatively complex sets of knowledge that all ... More


Getting Out of Order: Avoiding Lesson Effects Through Instruction

Kurt VanLehn

in In Order to Learn: How the sequence of topics influences learning

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195178845
eISBN:
9780199893751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178845.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes two experiments that test the felicity-conditions hypothesis that people learn best if a task is taught one subprocedure per lesson. In these experiments, children were taught ... More


Public International Law Approaches to Jurisdiction

Cedric Ryngaert

in Jurisdiction in International Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199544714
eISBN:
9780191719943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544714.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Under public international law, two approaches could be taken to the question of jurisdiction. Either one allows States to exercise jurisdiction as they see fit, unless there is a prohibitive rule to ... More


Predicting Serial Position Effects1

Martha Whitesmith

in Cognitive Bias in Intelligence Analysis: Testing the Analysis of Competing Hypotheses Method

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474466349
eISBN:
9781474491112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474466349.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Chapter four provides details of a meta-analysis conducted into serial position effects. The meta-analysis also identified whether there are any significant differences in the proportion of bias ... More


Expertise in Moral Reasoning? Order Effects on Moral Judgment in Professional Philosophers and Non-Philosophers

Eric Schwitzgebel and Fiery Cushman

in Experimental Philosophy: Volume 2

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199927418
eISBN:
9780190267698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199927418.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines order effects on moral judgments and general moral principles in an attempt to analyze if philosophical expertise can be strengthened by moral reasoning, and then comparing such ... More


The Empirical Findings

Edouard Machery

in Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198807520
eISBN:
9780191845444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807520.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 2 is the first systematic review of the empirical findings suggesting that the judgments influenced by philosophical cases vary across demographic groups (culture, gender, age, SES, ... More


Development of behaviour in the chick

P. P. G. Bateson

in Neural and Behavioural Plasticity: The Use of the Domestic Chick as a Model

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198521846
eISBN:
9780191724640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521846.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

Behavioural development can be studied by cross-sectional research, which involves measuring different individuals at each age, or by longitudinal research, which involves measuring the same ... More


Gettier Was Framed!

Edouard Machery, Stephen Stich, David Rose, Amita Chatterjee, Kaori Karasawa, Noel Struchiner, Smita Sirker, Naoki Usui, and Takaaki Hashimoto

in Epistemology for the Rest of the World

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190865085
eISBN:
9780190865115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190865085.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Gettier cases describe situations where an agent possesses a justified true belief that p, without, at least according to mainstream analytic epistemology, knowing that p, while the “Gettier ... More


Intuitive Expertise and Irrelevant Options

Joachim Horvath, Karina Meyer, and Alex Wiegmann

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Volume 3

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198852407
eISBN:
9780191886867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852407.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

In the ‘push-dilemma,’ a train is about to run over several people and can only be stopped by pushing a heavy person onto the tracks. Most lay people and moral philosophers consider the ... More


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