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Extreme Capsule

Jeremy D. Schmahmann and Deepak N. Pandya

in Fiber Pathways of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195104233
eISBN:
9780199864294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195104233.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the results of the investigation of the extreme capsule (EmC) of rhesus monkey brains. It shows that the EmC is the principal association pathway linking the middle superior ... More


The Social Brain

Nikolas Rose and Joelle M. Abi-Rached

in Neuro: The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149608
eISBN:
9781400846337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149608.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter looks at the social brain hypothesis. The term social brain has come to stand for the argument that the human brain, and indeed that of some other animals, is specialized for a ... More


Covalent Bonding in Molecules

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers covalent bonding in small molecules, starting from hydrogen molecule ions and hydrogen molecules, and then proceeding to homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules, and ... More


Atomic properties: one-electron atoms

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the application of quantum mechanics to the description of hydrogen and other one-electron atoms. The variation of ionization energy and atomic size with nuclear charge or ... More


Molecular orbital calculations on heteronuclear diatomic molecules, hybridization, and estimation of net atomic charges from calculated electron densities

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter demonstrates how the molecular orbital model may be applied to a heteronuclear diatomic molecule using the lithium hydride molecule (LiH). Simple, so-called Hückel calculations may be ... More


Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Wai-Kee Li, Yu-San Cheung, Kendrew Kin Wah Mak, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199658497
eISBN:
9780191775055
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658497.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book consists of over 300 problems (and their solutions) in structural inorganic chemistry. The topics covered are: atomic and molecular electronic states, atomic orbitals, hybrid orbitals, ... More


ORBIT COUNTING AND THE TUTTE POLYNOMIAL

Peter J. Cameron

in Combinatorics, Complexity, and Chance: A Tribute to Dominic Welsh

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198571278
eISBN:
9780191718885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198571278.003.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter summarizes the various attempts to extend the Tutte polynomial of a matroid to a polynomial which counts orbits of a group on various sets of objects that the usual Tutte polynomial ... More


Atomic properties: two-electron atoms

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the application of quantum mechanics to helium and other two-electron atoms. The use of the wavefunction to calculate probability densities is described. The atomic orbital ... More


MOLECULAR METHODS AND MODEL CALCULATIONS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Theoretical chemistry has developed a large number of approaches for molecular electronic structure. These include systematic simplifications as well as helpful concepts. Some of the basic ideas ... More


The Orbitofrontal Cortex

David Zald and Scott Rauch (eds)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) comprises the ventral surface of the frontal lobe, and is critical for functions ranging from olfaction and emotion to learning and behavioral flexibility. Since the ... More


Two‐body problem in general relativity

H. Asada, T. Futamase, and P. A. Hogan

in Equations of Motion in General Relativity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199584109
eISBN:
9780191723421
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584109.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

For a binary star system the periastron advance per orbit period is calculated as well as the Shapiro time delay in radar arrival time due to the passage of the signal through the gravitational field ... More


An introduction to Late Glacial–Holocene environments

Anson W. Mackay

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Holocene is the Earth's most recent interglacial, which began approximately 11,500 years ago. Environmental change across this interval and the preceding Late Glacial, driven by factors such as ... More


INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor

in Radiation and Climate

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199227471
eISBN:
9780191711138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the factors that determine the amount of solar radiation that reaches the Earth, and which primarily controls its climate. On timescales of billion years, the Sun evolves as a ... More


A Neurobiology for the Interactional Instinct

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The interactional instinct consists of an appetitive and a consummatory component. The biology underlying consummation develops first and involves the expression of endogenous opiates during ... More


The Electronic Structure of Atoms

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter starts off with an in-depth discussion on the angular and radial functions of the hydrogenic orbitals. Then the ground 1s 2 and the excited 1s ... More


Application of Group Theory to Molecular Systems

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter applies the group theoretic technique introduced in Chapter 6 to a number of chemically interesting problems. These problems include molecular orbital treatment of AH ... More


Bonding in Coordination Compounds

Wai-Kee Li, Gong-Du Zhou, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Advanced Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199216949
eISBN:
9780191711992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216949.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter covers the electronic structure of coordination complexes, using the language of group theory throughout. The bonding of these complexes ranges from ionic (crystal field theory, or CFT) ... More


Inferences from Phenomena (Propositions 1 and 2 Book 3)

William L. Harper

in Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data into Evidence about Gravity and Cosmology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199570409
eISBN:
9780191728679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570409.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews Newton’s definitions with emphasis on his theoretical concept of a centripetal force. It reviews his treatment of time, space, motion, Laws of Motion and their corollaries, ... More


A formula for semisimple orbital integrals

Jean-Michel Bismut

in Hypoelliptic Laplacian and Orbital Integrals (AM-177)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151298
eISBN:
9781400840571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151298.003.0007
Subject:
Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter states without proof the main result of this volume, which expresses the elliptic orbital integrals associated with the heat kernel as a Gaussian integral on t(γ‎). In addition, the ... More


Lewis’ “cubical atom” model. Molecular orbital calculations on the one-electron molecule H 2 + and the two-electron molecule H2

Arne Haaland

in Molecules and Models: The molecular structures of main group element compounds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199235353
eISBN:
9780191715594
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235353.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews G. N. Lewis' seminal paper of 1916 that introduced the concept of the electron-pair bond. The potential energy curves for the two lowest electronic states of the hydrogen ... More


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