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The Custom-Made Brain: Cerebral Plasticity, Regeneration, and Enhancement

Pierre-Marie Lledo and Jean-Didier Vincent

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231164504
eISBN:
9780231534215
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231164504.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book introduces the concepts of “cerebral plasticity” and the “regenerating brain,” describing what we know now about the processes through which the brain constantly reconstructs itself and the ... More


Looking Back and Forward

John E. Dowling and Joseph L. Dowling

in Vision: How It Works and What Can Go Wrong

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034616
eISBN:
9780262333566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034616.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Many of the advances made in our understanding of visual mechanisms from one thousand years ago to the present time are discussed. Our knowledge has increased exponentially in more recent years, ... More


The Revolution Has Begun

Steven E. Hyman and Karoly Nikolich

in Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.003.0014
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

After decades of stagnation marked, inter alia, by all too many disappointing failures in costly, late-stage clinical trials, there is hope that new therapies for nervous system disorders are not ... More


How Might We Get from Genes to Circuits to Disease?

Tobias Kaiser, Yuan Mei, and Guoping Feng

in Translational Neuroscience: Toward New Therapies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029865
eISBN:
9780262329859
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029865.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

Recent advances in the identification of risk genes for psychiatric disorders have set the stage for functional interrogation of disease related-circuits and underlying mechanisms of pathophysiology. ... More


Biochip Fever: Life and Technology in the 1980s

Mathias Grote

in Membranes to Molecular Machines: Active Matter and the Remaking of Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226625157
eISBN:
9780226625294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226625294.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter tells the story of attempts to turn biomolecules into technologies that were to lead to improved, life-like computing. The history of biochips adds an unexpected dimension to the history ... More


Introduction: The Gene Revolution

John Parrington

in Redesigning Life: How genome editing will transform the world

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198766834
eISBN:
9780191918957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766834.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

We are in the middle of a scientific revolution in the biological sciences. In the 1970s scientists discovered ways to cut and paste DNA in a test tube, and then introduce gene ‘constructs’ into ... More


Light as a Life Tool

John Parrington

in Redesigning Life: How genome editing will transform the world

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198766834
eISBN:
9780191918957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766834.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Visual light, and radiation of other frequencies, are highly important for scientific research. The first light microscopes made it possible for the first time to see that organisms from plants to ... More


Methods Used to Assess Visual Perception and Brain Function

Peter H. Schiller and Edward J. Tehovnik

in Vision and the Visual System

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199936533
eISBN:
9780190258054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199936533.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter provides an overview of the basic methods used in studying vision and the brain. The creation of these methods has played a central role in uncovering how various brain areas work, ... More


A Neurobiological Account of False Memories

Vincent van de Ven, Henry Otgaar, and Mark L. Howe

in Finding the Truth in the Courtroom: Dealing with Deception, Lies, and Memories

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190612016
eISBN:
9780190612030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190612016.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter discusses human functional neuroimaging findings about how the brain creates true and false memories. These studies have shown that different brain systems contribute to the creation and ... More


Mind and Machine

John Parrington

in Mind Shift: How culture transformed the human brain

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780198801634
eISBN:
9780191926082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801634.003.0024
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores how future technologies might impact on human consciousness. It begins by discussing how new techniques are continuing to add to the understanding of the human mind. There are ... More


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