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On Methods and Morals

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Is economics like car building or car repair? Are we working toward a finished product, or are we attempting to answer pertinent questions that arise and change from time to time? These questions are ... More


The Diffusion of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the demand for (diffusion of) soft innovations. From the several models, the list of factors shown to be important in the innovation process includes the ... More


Consumption En Route: The Second Turnpike Theorem

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Chapter 10 was concerned with the Final State Turnpike Theorem on the assumptions that consumption of each good per worker is fixed throughout the planning period and that the authorities try to ... More


Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Laura J. Downing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Prosodic morphology concerns the interaction of morphological and phonological determinants of linguistic form and the degree to which one determines the other. Although prosodic morphology has been ... More


Equilibrium Growth. (III) Normative Properties

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Devoted to establishing the optimality of competitive equilibrium paths of various orders. So far three kinds of equilibrium growth paths have been discussed in the book: the Cassel–von Neumann path ... More


The Locus of Functional Explanation

Frederick J. Newmeyer

in Possible and Probable Languages: A Generative Perspective on Linguistic Typology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199274338
eISBN:
9780191706479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274338.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families

This chapter addresses the question of how direct the linkage is between functional pressures and the typological distribution of formal elements that represents a response to those pressures. It ... More


Estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter gives a survey of the basic concepts of estimating functions, which are used in subsequent chapters. The concept of unbiasedness for estimating functions is introduced as a ... More


Bayesian estimating functions

Christopher G. Small and Jinfang Wang

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Estimating Equations

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198506881
eISBN:
9780191709258
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198506881.003.0008
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter demonstrates that the numerical methods of earlier chapters are not constrained by statistical philosophy. The theory of Bayesian estimating functions is developed. It is shown that this ... More


An Alternative Approach: Remodelling and Refinements

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The argument developed in the previous chapter was based on the tacit assumption that the production of goods by means of goods and labour is independent of the feeding of labour, and was described ... More


Why the Phonological Component must be Serial and Rule‐Based 1

Bert Vaux

in Rules, Constraints, and Phonological Phenomena

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199226511
eISBN:
9780191710193
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226511.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

This chapter identifies an inventory of core phonological processes that are robustly attested in all or nearly all human languages. These are compared to the classes of phenomena predicted to be ... More


The Phonology of Cliticization

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

To say that one sense of the term ‘clitic’ is to be identified with the phonology of the relevant elements does not, of course, actually provide in itself a theory of that dimension. In fact, the ... More


An Optimal Theory of Clitic Positioning

Stephen R. Anderson

in Aspects of the Theory of Clitics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199279906
eISBN:
9780191707131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279906.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter elaborates a more precise account of the phrasal morphology that is responsible for the appearance of special clitics, within an Optimality Theoretic framework. A limited set of ... More


Ideal-Observer Models of Cue Integration

Michael S. Landy, Martin S. Banks, and David C. Knill

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter provides a general introduction to the field of cue combination from the perspective of optimal cue integration. It works through a number of qualitatively different problems and ... More


Cue Combination: Beyond Optimality

Pedro Rosas and Felix A. Wichmann

in Sensory Cue Integration

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387247
eISBN:
9780199918379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387247.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter briefly introduces the robust-weak-fusion model, which offers an exceptionally clear and elegant framework within which to understand empirical studies on cue combination. Research on ... More


Introduction

Laura J. Downing

in Canonical Forms in Prosodic Morphology

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199286393
eISBN:
9780191713293
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286393.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This introductory chapter provides essential background for the analyses developed in the subsequent chapters of the book. The first section defines the scope of the book, introducing the types of ... More


Optimal Strategies and Heuristics for Ecological Search Problems

John M. McNamara and Tim W. Fawcett

in Cognitive Search: Evolution, Algorithms, and the Brain

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262018098
eISBN:
9780262306003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018098.003.0019
Subject:
Sociology, Social Psychology and Interaction

All animals, including humans, search for a variety of different things in their natural environment, from food to mates to a suitable place to live. Most types of search can be represented as ... More


Ageing in urban neighbourhoods: Place attachment and social exclusion

Allison E. Smith

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847422712
eISBN:
9781447301448
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847422712.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Many western nations have experienced a rise in the number of marginalised and deprived inner-city neighbourhoods. Despite a plethora of research focused on these areas, there remain few studies that ... More


Welfare Economics, Utilitarianism, and Equity

Amartya Sen

in On Economic Inequality

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281931
eISBN:
9780191715815
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281935.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The usefulness of the main schools of welfare economics (old and new) in measuring inequality is analysed. It is noted that the literature on Pareto optimality avoids distributional judgements ... More


Assessing the Optimal Provision of Public Goods: In Search of the Holy Grail

Todd Sandler

in Providing Global Public Goods: Managing Globalization

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195157406
eISBN:
9780199832965
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195157400.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Develops two typologies of global public goods, and explains how issues of publicness relate to issues of production level and efficiency. It begins by examining the main classes of public goods from ... More


Walras‐Type Model of Match‐Box Size

Michio Morishima

in Theory of Economic Growth

Published in print:
1969
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198281641
eISBN:
9780191596667
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198281641.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Introduces multi‐sectoral growth analysis. Mainly devoted to examining a Walrasian general equilibrium model of capital formation on the smallest possible scale. It is assumed that the economy ... More


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