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Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Vladimir Fortov, Igor Iakubov, and Alexey Khrapak

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This book concerns the physics of plasma at high density, which is compressed so strongly that the effects of interparticle interactions, nonideality, govern its behavior. The interest in this ... More


Calculation of Physical Properties Using the OLCAO Method

Wai-yim Ching and Paul Rulis

in Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter lists many of the common physical properties that can be easily calculated using the OLCAO method discussed in Chapter 3. The most fundamental quantities are the band structures, density ... More


Properties of Liquid Water

D. Eisenberg and W. Kauzmann

in The Structure and Properties of Water

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198570264
eISBN:
9780191715266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570264.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Efforts to verify or invalidate hypotheses on the structure of liquid water have been hampered by the lack of a general theory of the liquid state. In the absence of such a theory, conclusions about ... More


Metal clusters

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

The stability of metal clusters exhibits shell effects similar to that of nuclei. This chapter reviews how this feature is treated in the jellium model. The main focus is on optical properties ... More


CENTRES WITH TWO CARRIERS

A.M. Stoneham

in Theory of Defects in Solids: Electronic Structure of Defects in Insulators and Semiconductors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507802
eISBN:
9780191709920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507802.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter addresses defects with an extra degree of complexity, ones that raise important issues both in optical properties and in magnetic properties for simple oxides that are not usually ... More


Optical Effects of Large Particles

Kendall L. Carder and David K. Costello

in Ocean Optics

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195068436
eISBN:
9780197560235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195068436.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Two important problems facing the ocean optics research community in the coming decade concern optical model closure and inversion (see Chapter 3). We obtain model closure if we can describe the ... More


Dynamic Fields and Response Properties

Jochen Autschbach

in Quantum Theory for Chemical Applications: From Basic Concepts to Advanced Topics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190920807
eISBN:
9780197508350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190920807.003.0023
Subject:
Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

It is shown how electronic transitions can be induced by the interaction with an electromagnetic wave of a suitable frequency. The rate of a transition between two electronic states induced by a ... More


Photocathodes

A. G. Wright

in The Photomultiplier Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199565092
eISBN:
9780191747335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199565092.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Optical properties of photocathodes and their characterization in terms of absorptance, transparency, and reflectance in mixed dielectric media are presented. Photometric units and international ... More


Drawing rocks in thin-section

Matthew J. Genge

in Geological Field Sketches and Illustrations: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2019
ISBN:
9780198835929
eISBN:
9780191873317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835929.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

Thin-sections of rocks allow petrology to be characterized at a microscopic scale and enable mineral identification to be made with greater confidence than in hand-specimens. This chapter examines ... More


Casimir forces and vacuum energy

Serge Reynaud and Astrid Lambrecht

in Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198768609
eISBN:
9780191822353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768609.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Casimir force is an effect of quantum vacuum field fluctuations, with applications in many domains of physics. The ideal expression obtained by Casimir, valid for perfect plane mirrors at zero ... More


Linear polyenes and trans-polyacetylene

William Barford

in Electronic and Optical Properties of Conjugated Polymers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199677467
eISBN:
9780191757402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677467.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

An experimental survey of the optical properties of linear polyenes and trans-polyacetylene is given, before the concepts of previous chapters are used to develop a theoretical interpretation of ... More


Light emitting polymers

William Barford

in Electronic and Optical Properties of Conjugated Polymers

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199677467
eISBN:
9780191757402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677467.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

An experimental survey of the optical properties of the phenyl-based light emitting polymers (poly (para-phenylene) and poly (para-phenylene vinylene)) is given. These are then explained by ... More


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