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TRANSMISSION AND SCATTERING EFFECTS: DIRECT MULTIPOLE RESULTS

R. E. Raab and O. L. de Lange

in Multipole Theory in Electromagnetism: Classical, quantum, and symmetry aspects, with applications

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567271
eISBN:
9780191717970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567271.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Multipole theory is used to derive expressions for various birefringences observed in the transmission of a light wave through a crystal or gas, to which an external field may also be applied. The ... More


A Vital Matter: Light and Life

Theresa Levitt

in The Shadow of Enlightenment: Optical and Political Transparency in France 1789-1848

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199544707
eISBN:
9780191720178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544707.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter looks at the question of light and living bodies. Arago once again fashioned himself as a debunker, questioning the claims of the rising spiritualist movement that there exist previously ... More


Polymorphism and structure–property relations

Joel Bernstein

in Polymorphism in Molecular Crystals

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199236565
eISBN:
9780191707940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236565.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

The design of materials requires knowledge of the relationship between the structure of a substance and its properties. Polymorphic systems provide ideal, perhaps even unique, systems for studying ... More


Anisotropy

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198738770
eISBN:
9780191801983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198738770.003.0013
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Optical anisotropic materials have an index of refraction that varies with the propagation direction in the material. These materials are said to be birefringent. In an anisotropic material, the two ... More


Polarizers

B. D. Guenther

in Modern Optics Simplified

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842859
eISBN:
9780191878770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842859.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

Introduction to how to measure polarization and the degree of polarization, The various physical processes used to control polarization including: absorption, reflection, interference, and ... More


Polarization

Charles S. Adams and Ifan G. Hughes

in Optics f2f: From Fourier to Fresnel

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198786788
eISBN:
9780191828980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786788.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter discusses the polarization of light, including the transverse nature of the plane-wave solution; the linear and circular bases are introduced, and the propagation of polarized light in ... More


Dynamic Fields and Response Properties

Jochen Autschbach

in Quantum Theory for Chemical Applications: From Basic Concepts to Advanced Topics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780190920807
eISBN:
9780197508350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190920807.003.0023
Subject:
Chemistry, Quantum and Theoretical Chemistry

It is shown how electronic transitions can be induced by the interaction with an electromagnetic wave of a suitable frequency. The rate of a transition between two electronic states induced by a ... More


Non-Choline-Containing Phospholipids: Diacyl-, Alkylacyl-, Alkenylacyl-Ethanolaminephosphoglycerides, Phosphatidylinositols, and Phosphatidylserine

Donald J. Hanahan

in A Guide to Phospholipid Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195079814
eISBN:
9780197560396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195079814.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

The diversity of phospholipids present in the mammalian cell membranes continues to titillate one’s scientific senses. In addition to the presence of at least 12 different structural types of ... More


Inversion of Sucrose by Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis

Robert N. Compton and Michael A. Duncan

in Laser Experiments for Chemistry and Physics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198742975
eISBN:
9780191816932
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198742975.003.0031
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter describes a classic experiment in physical and organic chemistry: the measurement of the rate at which the optically active disaccharide sucrose molecule is converted into the ... More


Molecular Symmetry

Wai-Kee Li, Hung Kay Lee, Dennis Kee Pui Ng, Yu-San Cheung, Kendrew Kin Wah Mak, and Thomas Chung Wai Mak

in Problems in Structural Inorganic Chemistry

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198823902
eISBN:
9780191862724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823902.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter presents 23 problems covering the subject of molecular symmetry, along with the corresponding solutions.


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