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Should Rapid Tests for Hiv Infection Now Be Mandatory During Pregnancy or In Labor?

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Since testing for HIV became possible in 1985, the testing of pregnant women has been primarily voluntary, “opt-in,” but there have been repeated predictions that with the development of more ... More


Immunization and the Hpv Vaccine

Margaret P. Battin, Leslie P. Francis, Jay A. Jacobson, and Charles B. Smith

in The Patient as Victim and Vector: Ethics and Infectious Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195335842
eISBN:
9780199868926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335842.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine has the potential to significantly reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in women who receive the vaccine before they are sexually active and thus become at ... More


John Major: Between the Party and the IGC

Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

in The Road To Maastricht: Negotiating Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296386
eISBN:
9780191599125
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829638X.003.0016
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

With the failure to delay or block the EMU initiative, Major was left to bridge the unbridgeable, caught between a divided party and European credibility. Party divisions prevented any radical shift ... More


Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs

T. M. Wilkinson

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199607860
eISBN:
9780191731747
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607860.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Transplantation is a medically successful and cost‐effective way to treat people whose organs have failed—but not enough organs are available to meet demand. This book is concerned with the major ... More


Conclusion: Beyond Disclosurism

Omri Ben-Shahar and Carl E. Schneider

in More Than You Wanted to Know: The Failure of Mandated Disclosure

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161709
eISBN:
9781400850389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161709.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This concluding chapter clarifies that the book has argued that lawmakers must abandon the use of mandated disclosure, describing it as a failed regulatory method. The book has presented evidence ... More


Institutional and Structural Characteristics

Eva Storskrubb

in Civil Procedure and EU Law: A Policy Area Uncovered

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199533176
eISBN:
9780191714504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533176.003.0004
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter describes the particular institutional and structural rules of the policy area of judicial cooperation in civil matters and the consequences thereof. As a consequence of the placement of ... More


A Legal Options Approach to EC Company Law

Gerard Hertig and Joseph A. McCahery

in Investor Protection in Europe: Corporate Law Making, The MiFID and Beyond

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199202911
eISBN:
9780191707964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199202911.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

In recent years, legal options have gained acceptance in the European Union. Legal options refer to the ex ante and ex post choices that are created by law. Not surprisingly, legislators have tended ... More


Is a Physician Ever Obligated to Help a Patient Die?

Margaret Pabst Battin

in Ending Life: Ethics and the Way We Die

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195140279
eISBN:
9780199850280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195140279.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Is a physician ever obligated to help a patient die? If physician-assisted suicide were to become legal or legally tolerated, would the patient have a right to assistance, a right held against the ... More


Consent and Uncertainty about the Wishes of the Dead

T. M. Wilkinson

in Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199607860
eISBN:
9780191731747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199607860.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

It is often not known what people want to happen to their bodies after they die. The chapter defends a policy under which organs may be taken where there is no good reason to think the deceased would ... More


The Purpose of Business

James R. Otteson

in Honorable Business: A Framework for Business in a Just and Humane Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190914202
eISBN:
9780190914240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190914202.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Strategy

Chapter 1 addresses the central importance of asking the why of everything we propose to do, not only the how. This is as important in business as in any other walk of life. This issues from the fact ... More


Turning Copyright on its Head?

Maurizio Borghi and Stavroula Karapapa

in Copyright and Mass Digitization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664559
eISBN:
9780191758409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664559.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

The technological shift occurring with mass digitization impacts on established copyright norms and principles in a number of ways. It challenges the common perception of the concept of copyright ... More


Orphan Works

Maurizio Borghi and Stavroula Karapapa

in Copyright and Mass Digitization

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199664559
eISBN:
9780191758409
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664559.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Orphan and out-of-print works, which embody a significant part of our cultural heritage, are a significant impediment towards the formation of digital libraries and mass digital archives. In its ... More


Roboeducation

Anne Lutz Fernandez and Catherine Lutz

in Life by Algorithms: How Roboprocesses Are Remaking Our World

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226627427
eISBN:
9780226627731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226627731.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

In this chapter, authors Fernandez and Lutz explain how the American education system is being warped by roboprocesses. They lay out how, encouraged by initiatives including No Child Left Behind and ... More


How We Apply the Coding Scheme

Liesbet Hooghe, Gary Mark, Tobias Lenz, Jeanine Bezuijen, Besir Ceka, and Svet Derderyan

in Measuring International Authority: A Postfunctionalist Theory of Governance, Volume III

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198724490
eISBN:
9780191821165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724490.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter Two provides a hands-on guide to the coding scheme. The authors measure delegation (the conditional grant of authority by member states to an independent body) and pooling (the joint exercise ... More


Securing Motherhood on the Home Front

Natalie Fixmer-Oraiz

in Homeland Maternity: US Security Culture and the New Reproductive Regime

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780252042355
eISBN:
9780252051197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042355.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter examines two recent surges in pronatalism that aligned elite white women’s fertility with national security. It first discusses the “opt-out revolution” of the early twenty-first ... More


Response to Commentaries

Arthur L. Caplan

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0058
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some of the author’s respondents propose a regulated kidney market offering access to the poorest of the poor to crucial social benefits if they will have their kidneys cut out to use for the rich. ... More


Maximizing or Minimizing Opt-Outs

in Mass Torts in a World of Settlement

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226567600
eISBN:
9780226567624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226567624.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter covers other efforts to draw upon class settlements as vehicles for peace, whether by expanding or constraining in practical terms the opportunity of persons within the class to opt out ... More


Rule 65: Examination as to formal requirements, recording in the register, assignment and designation of the judge-rapporteur

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0257
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

Pursuant to Rule 16.1 UPCARoP, the Registry first examines whether there is an opt-out for the patent in suit. If the patent proprietor declared an opt-out, the Registry immediately informs the ... More


Rule 208 Examination as to formal requirements, recording in the register, assignment to panel, designation of judge-rapporteur, single judge

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

in Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198755463
eISBN:
9780191927706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755463.003.0378
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

An examination of the application by the Registry is necessary for a decision on an application for provisional measures. First, the Registry checks whether an opt-out has been declared for the ... More


Supranational Differentiation and Enhanced Cooperation

Daniel Thym

in Oxford Principles Of European Union Law: The European Union Legal Order: Volume I

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199533770
eISBN:
9780191932434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199533770.003.0030
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The ‘unity dogma’ has long characterized European law discourse. In many of its landmark judgments, the European Court of Justice had recourse to the ‘unity argument’—such as in Costa v ENEL, where ... More


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