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Repression and Polarization in Tunisia, 1987–2010

Elizabeth R. Nugent

in After Repression: How Polarization Derails Democratic Transition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691203058
eISBN:
9780691203072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter details how widespread repression in Tunisia decreased polarization within the opposition between 1987 and 2010. It demonstrates the effects of widespread repression on Tunisian ... More


Repression and Polarization in Egypt, 1981–2011

Elizabeth R. Nugent

in After Repression: How Polarization Derails Democratic Transition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691203058
eISBN:
9780691203072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter describes how targeted repression in Egypt increased polarization within the opposition between 1981 and 2011. It begins by documenting the effects of a targeted repressive environment ... More


A Theory of Polarization in Authoritarian Regimes

Elizabeth R. Nugent

in After Repression: How Polarization Derails Democratic Transition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691203058
eISBN:
9780691203072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents the book's argument in detail. It begins by reviewing existing work on three central concepts: polarization, preference formation, and repression. The chapter also highlights ... More


The Difficulties of Legal Classification

Christine Bell

in On the Law of Peace: Peace Agreements and the Lex Pacificatoria

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199226832
eISBN:
9780191710261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226832.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter deals further with the technical difficulties of legal classification, and begins to demonstrate how a simple choice between a law and a nonlaw form of agreement does not exist in the ... More


The Discreet Appeal of Authoritarianism: Political Bargains and Stability of Liberal Authoritarian Regimes in the Middle East

Agnieszka Paczynska

in Contentious Politics in the Middle East: Political Opposition under Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034744
eISBN:
9780813039077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034744.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter explores how relationships between regimes and opposition groups have augmented the ability of regimes to maneuver successfully through politically challenging times. It also explains ... More


The “Right Opposition” and the “Smirnov-Eismont-Tolmachev Affa”

Charters Wynn

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the November 27, 1932 joint session of the Politburo and Presidium of the Central Control Commission. It explains that the meeting was called to expose the ... More


After Repression: How Polarization Derails Democratic Transition

Elizabeth R. Nugent

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780691203058
eISBN:
9780691203072
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691203058.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In the wake of the Arab Spring, newly empowered factions in Tunisia and Egypt vowed to work together to establish democracy. In Tunisia, political elites passed a new constitution, held parliamentary ... More


Early Organizing: Conflicting Opposition Groups

Jose V. Fuentecilla

in Fighting from a Distance: How Filipino Exiles Helped Topple a Dictator

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252037580
eISBN:
9780252095092
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252037580.003.0006
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter details the early organization efforts of political exiles. When the exiles first began to mount an opposition front, they had no idea that Marcos' staying power would test their ... More


The Legal Personality of Individuals in International Humanitarian Law

Astrid Kjeldgaard-Pedersen

in The International Legal Personality of the Individual

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198820376
eISBN:
9780191860294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198820376.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Chapter 5 first assesses the extent to which the law of international armed conflict engages individuals directly and the impact of the different conceptions of international legal personality on the ... More


Out of the Ashes of Oslo: The Rise of Islamism and the Fall of Favoritism

Ahmed Yousef

in The Oslo Accords: A Critical Assessment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9789774167706
eISBN:
9781617975486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774167706.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Middle Eastern Politics

This chapter discusses the failure of the Oslo Accords and the rise of Islamism. The implementation of the Oslo Accords, or lack thereof, provided the greatest platform for the strengthening of ... More


Decline and Fall: Idi Amin and Uganda, 1977–79, and After

Mark Leopold

in Idi Amin: The Story of Africa's Icon of Evil

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780300154399
eISBN:
9780300154405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300154399.003.0009
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter studies Idi Amin's downfall. It begins by detailing how the death of Anglican Archbishop Janani Luwum led to wide international condemnation and galvanised the many competing opposition ... More


The Twelve Tribes

Stuart A. Wright and Susan J. Palmer

in Storming Zion: Government Raids on Religious Communities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195398892
eISBN:
9780190269982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398892.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a case study of the Twelve Tribes, a Christian-based nontraditional movement that emerged out of the Jesus People Revolution of the early 1970s and later embraced the Jewish ... More


The United Nuwaubian Nation

Stuart A. Wright and Susan J. Palmer

in Storming Zion: Government Raids on Religious Communities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780195398892
eISBN:
9780190269982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398892.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter presents a case study of the United Nuwaubian Nation, a Black Nationalist group in Georgia. It begins with an overview of the FBI raid on the group in 2002, followed by the history and ... More


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