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Cardiovascular and respiratory system

Fabrizio Benedetti

in Placebo Effects: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199559121
eISBN:
9780191724022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559121.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Compared to other systems, little is known about the mechanisms of placebo and placebo-related effects in both the cardiovascular and the respiratory system. Side effects in placebo groups of ... More


Drugs of Abuse and Aggression

Jill M. Grimes, Lesley Ricci, Khampaseuth Rasakham, and Richard H. Melloni, Jr.

in Biology of Aggression

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195168761
eISBN:
9780199865444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168761.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter summarizes studies examining the link between drugs of abuse and the behavioral neurobiology of aggressive behavior in animal models. It considers studies examining how drug abuse ... More


Opioid-induced pruritus

Krajnik Małgorzata

in Pruritus in Advanced Disease

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198525103
eISBN:
9780191730238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525103.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses opioid-induced pruritus, a common and adverse effect of spinal opioid administration. It discusses pruritus caused by spinal and systemic opioids. The first half focuses on the ... More


Respiratory symptoms

Justin Amery and Michelle Meiring

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0006
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

When dealing with respiratory symptoms, this chapter suggests that one must not panic. Breathing symptoms are frightening for everyone. Mostly, one has more time than he thinks, and symptoms tend to ... More


Regulation of Autonomic Function by Visceral and Somatic Afferents

John C. Longhurst

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter discusses reflex autonomic regulation of the cardiovascular system by input from finely myelinated and unmyelinated sensory nerve fibers. The focus is on abdominal and cardiac visceral ... More


Formulary

Justin Amery and Sat Jassal

in Children's Palliative Care in Africa

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199567966
eISBN:
9780191730566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567966.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Paediatric Palliative Medicine, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter provides a formulary for children's palliative care (CPC) in Africa. It discusses notes on drug treatment in children; principles of effective morphine prescribing; equivalent dose of ... More


The use of analgesics

CICELY SAUNDERS, MARY BAINES, and ROBERT DUNLOP

in Living with Dying: A Guide to Palliative Care

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192625144
eISBN:
9780191730009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192625144.003.0003
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines the use of analgesics for the control of terminal pain. Though there is no need to resort automatically to strong analgesics when a patient approaches the terminal stages of his ... More


Subjective Effects of Opioids

Sandy M. Comer and James P. Zacny

in Mind-Altering Drugs: The Science of Subjective Experience

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195165319
eISBN:
9780199894055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165319.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Psychopharmacology

Opioids, which have long been abused, are capable of producing euphoria and other “positive” subjective effects. Although the relationship between positive subjective effects and abuse of a drug is ... More


Pharmacological treatment of respiratory symptoms

David C. Currow and Amy P. Abernethy

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199591763
eISBN:
9780191739149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199591763.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses the pharmacological management of breathlessness. Opioids have demonstrated benefit without documented respiratory toxicity. Several psychotropic agents and nebulized ... More


Pain assessment and management

Gail Saiger

in Palliative Medicine: A case-based manual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694143
eISBN:
9780191739255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694143.003.0020
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter presents a case study to illustrate the desired skills, attitudes, and knowledge required for pain assessment and management. It examines several questions such as: How to assess the ... More


Pharmacological approaches to breathlessness

David C. Currow

in Dyspnoea in Advanced Disease: A guide to clinical management

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530039
eISBN:
9780191730450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530039.003.0013
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter discusses pharmacological strategies to alleviate dyspnoea or breathlessness in patients with advanced disease. Although significant improvements have been made in the administration of ... More


When the opioid fails: managing the patient with severe neuropathic pain

Annette Vielhaber and Russell K. Portenoy

in Palliative Care Consultations in Haemato-oncology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198528081
eISBN:
9780191730399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528081.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter focuses on the management of pain, particularly neuropathic pain. Pain is experienced approximately by 75 per cent of cancer patients with advanced-stage disease. The neuropathic ... More


Dyspnoea in motor neurone disease (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis)

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0019
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines dyspnoea associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (AML). It explains that dyspnoea is a common symptom in motor neurone diseases. Opioids have been found effective in ... More


Drug therapies

Sam H. Ahmedzai and Martin F. Muers

in Supportive Care in Respiratory Disease

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780192631411
eISBN:
9780191730160
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192631411.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

This chapter examines different types of drugs used in the management of dyspnoea. It describes palliative drug therapies that are usually turned to when disease-orientated strategies are exhausted. ... More


Opioid pharmacogenetics of alcohol addiction

Wade Berrettini

in Alcohol: Science, Policy and Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199655786
eISBN:
9780191757082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655786.003.0011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews clinical studies of naltrexone in alcoholism and pharmacogenetic studies of naltrexone clinical trials for alcohol addiction. There is growing interest in the association between ... More


Molecular Culprits

Markus Heilig

in The Thirteenth Step: Addiction in the Age of Brain Science

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172363
eISBN:
9780231539029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172363.003.0014
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses three categories of drugs that people become addicted to. The first of these, morphine-like substances, or “opioids,” are probably the psychoactive drugs whose use goes the ... More


Cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Benedetti Fabrizio

in Placebo Effects: 2nd Edition: Understanding the mechanisms in health and disease

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198705086
eISBN:
9780191789151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705086.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

Compared to other systems, little is known about the mechanisms of placebo and placebo-related effects in both the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Side effects in placebo groups of ... More


End-of-life care in ALS

Nigel Sykes

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From Diagnosis to Bereavement, 3rd Edn

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199686025
eISBN:
9780191765940
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686025.003.0018
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Pain Management and Palliative Pharmacology

The care of a person with ALS at the end of their life will need particular attention and careful management. As death approaches for a person with ALS it essential that everybody involved—the person ... More


The Brain Opioid Theory of Social Attachment: A Review of the Evidence1

A.J. Machin and R.I.M. Dunbar

in Lucy to Language: The Benchmark Papers

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199652594
eISBN:
9780191804700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199652594.003.0009
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of endorphins in social bonding in humans and non-human primates. After reviewing the evidence from non-primate mammals and the issues that arise from focusing on ... More


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