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Behavioural Models of Learning

Shane N. Phillipson

in Learning and Teaching in the Chinese Classroom: Responding to Individual Needs

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9789888083428
eISBN:
9789882209848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888083428.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter introduces a number of behavioural models of learning, including classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social cognitive theory, and applies these models of learning in the ... More


Neural Systems: The Neural Basis of Behavior

Gordon M. Shepherd

in Creating Modern Neuroscience: The Revolutionary 1950s

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195391503
eISBN:
9780199863464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195391503.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

This chapter details notable discoveries about neural systems in the 1950s. For instance, research revealed, for the first time, widely distributed systems involved in global functions underlying ... More


Behavior

Gennaro Auletta

in Cognitive Biology: Dealing with Information from Bacteria to Minds

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199608485
eISBN:
9780191729539
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608485.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

In this chapter the first fundamental function connecting the three main subsystems of the brain (sensory–cognitive, emotional, motor–decisional) is presented: Behavior. After having studied the ... More


Limitations of Respondents and Operants

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter considers the limitations of respondents (respondent conditioning) and operants (operant conditioning). It also discusses how learning can be achieved without experience by illustrating ... More


Cognitive-Behavioral Theory and Intervention

JACQUELINE CORCORAN and JOSEPH WALSH

in Building Strengths and Skills: A Collaborative Approach to Working with Clients

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195154306
eISBN:
9780199864287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154306.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter provides a brief overview of cognitive-behavioral therapy, a broad class of present-focused interventions with a shared focus on changing cognition (thoughts, beliefs, and assumptions ... More


What Can Statistical Learning Tell Us About Infant Learning?

Jenny R. Saffran

in Learning and the Infant Mind

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195301151
eISBN:
9780199894246
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301151.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter uses statistical learning as a model system to consider broader issues and implications pertaining to the role of learning in development. Statistical learning is an old idea, with roots ... More


Improving Health Through the Development and Management of Habits

Leslie R. Martin, Kelly B. Haskard-Zolnierek, and M. Robin DiMatteo

in Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195380408
eISBN:
9780199864454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380408.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The ways in which healthy habits are formed and maintained over time, as well as the ways in which health-harmful habits can be extinguished, are the topics of this chapter. The principles of ... More


Learning, the Foundation of Intelligence

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter illustrates that learning reflects the neurophysiological design and operations of the body. Such is the case with respondent conditioning, which acknowledges that a response is ... More


Interventionist Theories of Causation in Psychological Perspective

Jim Woodward

in Causal Learning: Psychology, Philosophy, and Computation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195176803
eISBN:
9780199958511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176803.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The guiding idea of interventionist accounts of causation is that causal claims (e.g. C causes E) have to do with what would happen to E if an intervention (an idealized experimental manipulation) ... More


Learning and Conditioning

George R. Mastroianni

in Of Mind and Murder: Toward a More Comprehensive Psychology of the Holocaust

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190638238
eISBN:
9780190638269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190638238.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 6 argues that when considering potential causative factors for the development of genocidal behavior, there is a middle ground between cultural and historical factors that operate over a very ... More


Brain Business: Cause-Effect Reasoning

Duane M. Rumbaugh and David A. Washburn

in Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300099836
eISBN:
9780300129359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300099836.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter considers the ability of animal reasoning in terms of cause-effect relations. It first discusses Lloyd Morgan's canon and parsimony as they relate to animal behavior. It then discusses ... More


The General Learning Model: Unveiling the Teaching Potential of Video Games

Douglas A. Gentile, Christopher L. Groves, and J. Ronald Gentile

in Learning by Playing: Video Gaming in Education

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199896646
eISBN:
9780190256142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199896646.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines the General Learning Model (GLM) and how it can be used to unveil the potential of video games as a teaching tool in the classroom setting. It first provides an overview of ... More


Learning and control

Ivan Herreros

in Living machines: A handbook of research in biomimetics and biohybrid systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199674923
eISBN:
9780191842702
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199674923.003.0026
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Development

This chapter discusses basic concepts from control theory and machine learning to facilitate a formal understanding of animal learning and motor control. It first distinguishes between feedback and ... More


The reinforcement memory systems of early animals

Elisabeth A. Murray, Steven P. Wise, and Kim S. Graham

in The Evolution of Memory Systems

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199686438
eISBN:
9780191766312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686438.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

The reinforcement memory systems evolved early in the history of animals. Through these ancient mechanisms, animals can remember which actions in which circumstances produced benefits or avoided ... More


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