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The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Jason Baehr

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book is a contribution to “responsibilist” or character‐based virtue‐epistemology, which is an approach to epistemology that gives a primary role to reflection on intellectual character virtues ... More


The Idiosyncratic Nature of Justices’ Behavior during Oral Arguments

Lawrence S. Wrightsman

in Oral Arguments Before the Supreme Court: An Empirical Approach

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195368628
eISBN:
9780199867554
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368628.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

This chapter illustrates the unique nature of questions from the different justices currently on the Court. Using the Big Five approach to personality description (extroversion, agreeableness, ... More


Leadership Development

Melvin Delgado and Lee Staples

in Youth-Led Community Organizing: Theory and Action

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195182767
eISBN:
9780199865192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182767.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations, Children and Families

This chapter explores youth leadership within the context of youth-led community organizing. It discusses the manifestations of leadership in youth development and tensions in youth leadership. It ... More


Open-Mindedness and Normative Contingency 1

Valerie Tiberius

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics Volume 7

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653492
eISBN:
9780191741661
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653492.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The value of open-mindedness as a virtue is most obviously explained by its truth conduciveness. Being open to opinions that conflict with one’s own gives “the truth a chance of reaching us,” as John ... More


Cognitive and Energizing Virtues

Arménio Rego, Miguel Pina e Cunha, and Stewart Clegg

in The Virtues of Leadership: Contemporary Challenges for Global Managers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653867
eISBN:
9780191742057
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653867.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies, HRM / IR

This chapter discusses how cognitive and energizing virtues (wisdom/knowledge and courage) enable global leaders to interpret the complexity of the world and to energetically face its challenges, ... More


Open‐Mindedness

Jason Baehr

in The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199604074
eISBN:
9780191729300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604074.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The present chapter and the one that follows provide detailed analyses of individual intellectual virtues. This chapter treats open‐mindedness. Initial consideration is given to an account of ... More


The Limitations of the Open Mind

Jeremy Fantl

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

When should you engage with difficult arguments against your cherished controversial beliefs? The primary conclusion of this book is that your obligations to engage with counterarguments are more ... More


Aiming for Excellence

Michael Tansey

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199974580
eISBN:
9780197563335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199974580.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry

Clinical trial processes are what we repeatedly do in clinical research, but, unfortunately, the habit of excellence is not as prevalent as it might be. ... More


A Fractured Politics of Human Nature

Jamie Cohen-Cole

in The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226092164
eISBN:
9780226092331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226092331.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the decade between 1965 and 1975 open-mindedness moved from serving as an element of cultural cohesion to one that divided Americans one from another. This chapter examines how the cultural web ... More


Two Forms of Virtue Epistemology

Ernest Sosa

in Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691183268
eISBN:
9781400883059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691183268.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains how two quite distinct forms of virtue epistemology are generally recognized. One of these finds in epistemology important correlates of Aristotle's moral virtues. Such ... More


The Empirical Root: Science without Scientism

Jerome P. Baggett

in The Varieties of Nonreligious Experience: Atheism in American Culture

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781479874200
eISBN:
9781479857395
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479874200.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Even though the science versus religion “conflict myth” has been debunked by scholars for some time now, this chapter shows that most American atheists still presume it is true today. ... More


A Conversation with Dr. Gary Klein

Edward D. Hess

in Learn or Die: Using Science to Build a Leading-Edge Learning Organization

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231170246
eISBN:
9780231538275
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170246.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter presents an interview with Gary Klein, a senior scientist with MacroCognition LLC and a research psychologist. Klein is an expert on how people make decisions in natural settings. He was ... More


Open-Mindedness, Critical Thinking, and Indoctrination

Harvey Siegel

in Education's Epistemology: Rationality, Diversity, and Critical Thinking

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780190682675
eISBN:
9780190682705
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190682675.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

William Hare has made fundamental contributions to philosophy of education. His work on various matters of educational theory and practice is of the first importance and will influence the field for ... More


Acting on Political Obligations

Candice Delmas

in A Duty to Resist: When Disobedience Should Be Uncivil

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780190872199
eISBN:
9780190872229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190872199.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Chapter 7 attends to the following general concern: Can and should laypeople be tasked with making their own decisions about justice and how to fulfill their political obligations? Structural ... More


Empathy and Objectivity

Michael Slote

in From Enlightenment to Receptivity: Rethinking Our Values

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199970704
eISBN:
9780199333301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199970704.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Enlightenment thinking and most recent philosophy in the English-speaking world have downplayed or ignored the role of emotion and empathy in epistemology and the philosophy of mind. But objectivity ... More


Virtue and Cognition

Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder

in In Praise of Desire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199348169
eISBN:
9780199348183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348169.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Desires have a range of familiar cognitive effects, including the direction of attention, motivated irrationality, and enhancing capacities to learn about topics bearing on what one desires. These ... More


Being a Good Friend

Valerie Tiberius

in Well-Being as Value Fulfillment: How We Can Help Each Other to Live Well

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198809494
eISBN:
9780191846830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809494.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to the value fulfillment theory, when we want to help others we should attend to their point of view. This is easier said than done, because we tend to make mistakes about what people ... More


Mechanisms of Symbolic Support for Deliberation

Ana Tanasoca

in Deliberation Naturalized: Improving Real Existing Deliberative Democracy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198851479
eISBN:
9780191886089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851479.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Chapter 3 introduces the concept of ritual deliberation: discursive interactions that procedurally resemble genuine democratic deliberation while substantively failing to be. Participants in genuine ... More


Open-Mindedness

Jeremy Fantl

in The Limitations of the Open Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues for a “Platonic” conception of open-mindedness. Open-mindedness is not simply a matter of being willing to change your mind in response to a counterargument. You have to be ... More


Against Open-Minded Engagement (for Some People)

Jeremy Fantl

in The Limitations of the Open Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

This chapter argues that you shouldn’t engage open-mindedly with salient counterarguments in some standard situations—those standard situations in which you know that the counterarguments are ... More


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