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The Theory of Open Quantum Systems

Heinz-Peter Breuer and Francesco Petruccione

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199213900
eISBN:
9780191706349
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213900.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book treats the central physical concepts and mathematical techniques used to investigate the dynamics of open quantum systems. To provide a self-contained presentation, the text begins with a ... More


Silicon Valley and the Resurgence of Route 128: Systems Integration and Regional Innovation

Michael H. Best

in Regions, Globalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250011
eISBN:
9780191596216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250014.003.0019
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Seeks to address an explanation for the decline and subsequent resurgence of Route 28, the first high‐technology manufacturing region of the USA, in Massachusetts. The decline was combined with the ... More


Cluster Dynamics

Michael H. Best

in The New Competitive Advantage: The Renewal of American Industry

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297451
eISBN:
9780191595967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297459.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Focuses on business organization including inter‐firm relations, as they relate to technological change, regional specialization, and growth. The idea of an industrial district or cluster is extended ... More


Entropic fluctuations in quantum statistical mechanics—an introduction

V. Jakšić, Y. Ogata, Y. Pautrat, and C.-A. Pillet

in Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents a self-contained introduction to some recent developments in nonequilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. In the elementary framework of finite dimensional quantum systems it ... More


Enclosure and the Yeoman: The Agricultural Development of the South Midlands 1450-1850

Robert C. Allen

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198282969
eISBN:
9780191684425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198282969.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This book traces the shift from medieval to modern institutions in English agriculture. It explores their importance for productivity growth, income distribution, and the contribution of agriculture ... More


Organizational Development and Risk Factors

Maureen Duffy and Len Sperry

in Mobbing: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195380019
eISBN:
9780199932764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380019.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, mobbing-proneness within organizations is examined through the perspective of the organizational life cycle. Examining the organizational life cycle is offered as an additional means ... More


Engaged Scholarship and Critical Realism

Jeffrey Longhofer, Jerry Floersch, and Janet Hoy

in Qualitative Methods for Practice Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195398472
eISBN:
9780199979325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195398472.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Critical realism is a philosophy of social science that uniquely frames practice problems within complex open systems. Practitioners are discouraged from research that attempts to predict outcomes by ... More


Information

Ruben Lee

in What is an Exchange?: Automation, Management, and Regulation of Financial Markets

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198297048
eISBN:
9780191685309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297048.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Political Economy

This chapter investigates the importance to exchanges of the dissemination of their price and quote information. The first section examines the determinants and nature of an exchange's information ... More


Sveshnikov Intrigues

Robert Desjarlais

in Counterplay: An Anthropologist at the Chessboard

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520267398
eISBN:
9780520948204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520267398.003.0004
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Global

This chapter explores the Sveshnikov, a variation of the Sicilian Defense that was popularized by Latvian grandmaster Evgeny Sveshnikov. A combative, double-edged way to proceed, it offers Black ... More


The environment is watching

Serge Haroche and Jean-Michel Raimond

in Exploring the Quantum: Atoms, Cavities, and Photons

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509141
eISBN:
9780191708626
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509141.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter presents the general relaxation theory which describes the dynamical evolution of an open system A coupled to a large environment E. Section 4.1 reviews the main properties of the ... More


Having, Loving, Being: An Alternative to the Swedish Model of Welfare Research

Erik Allardt

in The Quality of Life

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287971
eISBN:
9780191596704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287976.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Allardt describes the basic principles underlying the indicator system originated in the Comparative Scandinavian Welfare Study of 1972; contrasts them with those conceived in the Swedish Level of ... More


Quantum‐classical correspondence for a dc‐biased cavity resonator–Cooper‐pair transistor system

M. P. Blencowe, A. D. Armour, and A. J. Rimberg

in Fluctuating Nonlinear Oscillators: From Nanomechanics to Quantum Superconducting Circuits

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199691388
eISBN:
9780191742255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691388.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter investigates the quantum versus classical dynamics of a microwave cavity-coupled-Cooper-pair transistor (CPT) system, where a variable applied dc bias causes the system to tunably ... More


A Political Theory of Law: Escaping The Aporia of the Debate on the Validity of Legal Argument in Public International Law

Ulrich Fastenrath

in From Bilateralism to Community Interest: Essays in Honour of Bruno Simma

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199588817
eISBN:
9780191725272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588817.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter conceptualizes the political theory of law as an open system of norms. Neither its elements nor the meaning of its norms are fixed. Thus, the legal order is at no time a bulk of definite ... More


The Burden of Memory: The Challenge before Nation-States

Dipankar Gupta

in LEARNING TO FORGET: The Anti-Memoirs of Modernity

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195674330
eISBN:
9780199081820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195674330.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

The age of nationalism was also the age when ancien regimes the world over began crumbling under their accumulated weight. The nation-state was owned by all classes. There was nothing logical about ... More


Nanoscale transport and molecular junctions

Carsten A. Ullrich

in Time-Dependent Density-Functional Theory: Concepts and Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199563029
eISBN:
9780191775130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563029.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses the formal framework and applications of time-dependent density-functional theory (TDDFT) to nanoscale transport. It begins with a brief overview of the basic concepts of ... More


Introduction: What Is Complexity?

Paul Charbonneau

in Natural Complexity: A Modeling Handbook

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691176840
eISBN:
9781400885497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691176840.003.0001
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming

This book investigates complex systems that are idealizations of naturally occurring phenomena characterized by the autonomous generation of structures and patterns at macroscopic scales. It provides ... More


Long-time diffusion for a quantum particle

Wojciech De Roeck

in Quantum Theory from Small to Large Scales: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 95, August 2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199652495
eISBN:
9780191741203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652495.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter reviews and summarizes some recent progress on the rigorous derivation of irreversible behaviour in simple models of open quantum systems, in particular spins and particles interacting ... More


Technological Innovations and Developmental Trajectories: Social Factors as Evolutionary Forces

Valentine Roux

in Innovation in Cultural Systems: Contributions from Evolutionary Anthropology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013338
eISBN:
9780262259101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013338.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter describes technological innovation, developmental trajectories, and modes of social organization. It addresses the technological inventions and their order and mode of development as ... More


Quantum error correction

I. L. Chuang

in Quantum Machines: Measurement and Control of Engineered Quantum Systems: Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 96, July 2011

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199681181
eISBN:
9780191761454
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199681181.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter treats the subject of quantum error correction and fault-tolerant quantum computation. In particular, it presents the various representations of open-system quantum dynamics, insisting ... More


Hacking the Voice of the Shuttle: The Growth and Death of a Boundary Object

Alan Liu

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0017
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This essay recounts the history of the Voice of the Shuttle, launched in 1995 as one of the first portal sites for scholars of the humanities and arts. Told from the perspective of VoS's creator, the ... More


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