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Constitutive Generalism

Sean McKeever and Michael Ridge

in Principled Ethics: Generalism as a Regulative Ideal

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199290659
eISBN:
9780191603617
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199290652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to one dimension of the generalist tradition, moral principles are built into the very meaning of moral predicates. They are analytic truths, and thus anyone who is in fact competent with a ... More


Opening Questions, Following Rules

Paul Bloomfield

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter begins by noting that the 20th century beneficiary of the open question argument has been (rather ironically) the class of non-realist views, including non-cognitivism and expressivism. ... More


The Legacy of Principia

Judith Jarvis Thomson

in Metaethics after Moore

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199269914
eISBN:
9780191710032
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269914.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the legacy in question is that the force of the open question argument, together with the rejection of the Moorean idea that there are non-natural properties, motivate two ... More


Moral Realism

Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the attractions, problems, and prospects of moral realism. Special attention is given to Moore’s Open Question Argument, internalism, noncognitivism, and error theories. The ... More


Nonnaturalism

Jonathan Dancy

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Different forms of ethical naturalism are distinguished, and the possibility of a blockbuster argument against all of them at once is raised. Moore’s Open Question Argument proves insufficient; more ... More


Analytical Descriptivism

Frank Jackson

in From Metaphysics to Ethics: A Defence of Conceptual Analysis

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250616
eISBN:
9780191597787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250614.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter gives more detail on how to identify ethical properties with descriptive ones using the roles the former play in folk morality. The construction uses the Lewis–Carnap–Ramsey way of ... More


Values and Emotions: Neo-Sentimentalism’s Prospects *

Christine Tappolet

in Morality and the Emotions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199577507
eISBN:
9780191731235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577507.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Neo-sentimentalism is the view that to judge that something has an evaluative property is to judge that some affective or emotional attitude is appropriate, or fitting, with respect to it. Such a ... More


Agents and “Shmagents”: An Essay on Agency and Normativity

Connie S. Rosati

in Oxford Studies in Metaethics: 11

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198784647
eISBN:
9780191828775
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784647.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The idea that normativity and agency are importantly connected goes back at least as far as Kant. But it has recently become associated with a view called “constitutivism.” Perhaps the best-known ... More


Metaethics: Goodness

Uriah Kriegel

in Brentano's Philosophical System: Mind, Being, Value

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198791485
eISBN:
9780191850493
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791485.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chap. 5 showed how Brentano develops a metaontology based on his account of judgment. This chapter shows that Brentano also develops a structurally analogous metaethic on the basis of his account of ... More


Non-Naturalism

Thomas Hurka

in British Ethical Theorists from Sidgwick to Ewing

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199233625
eISBN:
9780191792694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This is the first of two chapters on the school’s metaethics and discusses their non-naturalist view that moral judgments can be objectively true (moral realism) but have a sui generis subject ... More


Can a Hybrid Theory Have It Both Ways? Moral Thought, Open Questions, and Moral Motivation

David Copp

in Having It Both Ways: Hybrid Theories and Modern Metaethics

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199347582
eISBN:
9780199347605
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199347582.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

According to realist-expressivism, with certain qualifications moral assertions express both a moral belief and a corresponding conative state. Realist-expressivism is compatible with naturalistic ... More


‘An Assumption of Extreme Significance’: Moore, Ross, and Spencer on Ethics and Evolution

Hallvard Lillehammer

in Explanation in Ethics and Mathematics: Debunking and Dispensability

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198778592
eISBN:
9780191824326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778592.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In recent years there has been a growing interest among mainstream Anglophone moral philosophers in the empirical study of human morality, including its evolution and historical development. This ... More


The Truth that Pain is Bad

Colin Marshall

in Compassionate Moral Realism

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809685
eISBN:
9780191846953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809685.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter articulates several core claims of Compassionate Moral Realism, and argues that the view thereby satisfies the semantic and metaphysical criteria for moral realism. The chapter focuses ... More


Expansive Naturalism I

Fiona Ellis

in God, Value, and Nature

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780198714125
eISBN:
9780191782565
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714125.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion, Theology

The scientific naturalist argues that these difficulties can be avoided provided that the limits of science are expanded to incorporate the human sciences. This grants us the right to move beyond ... More


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