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Open Access

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Open access is widely recognized as the most important tool for introduction of competition in the electricity sector in India. This chapter explains the importance of open access and elaborates the ... More


Property Rights as Solutions to the Problems of Open Access: Options and Constraints

Gary D. Libecap

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines why property rights that directly address externalities and link individual incentives with social objectives for resource use are not the first policy response to open access. ... More


The Stake‐Net Fishery Association of Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka: Why Has It Survived over 250 Years and Will It Survive another 100 Years?

Asha Gunawardena and Paul Steele

in Promise, Trust and Evolution: Managing the Commons of South Asia

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199213832
eISBN:
9780191707438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213832.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Fisheries are key to the livelihoods of up to a million poor people in Sri Lanka. Open-access fisheries exhibit free entry with the result that fishing leads to overharvesting and profits fall to ... More


Renewable Resources

Alfred Greiner and Willi Semmler

in The Global Environment, Natural Resources, and Economic Growth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328233
eISBN:
9780199869985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328233.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on renewable resources and studies the interaction of economic agents, extracting renewable resources, and the resource dynamics as well as the fate of the resources in the long ... More


The Tragedy of the Commons

Jean‐Marie Baland and Jean‐Philippe Platteau

in Halting Degradation of Natural Resources: Is There a Role for Rural Communities?

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780198290612
eISBN:
9780191601613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198290616.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter analyses the ‘tragedy of the commons’, which attributes the inefficiency in managing natural resources to the absence of well-defined property rights and the regime of open access that ... More


Conclusion

Oscar Gelderblom

in Cities of Commerce: The Institutional Foundations of International Trade in the Low Countries, 1250-1650

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142883
eISBN:
9781400848591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142883.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter summarizes the book's main findings about the ways that urban competition influenced the organization of international trade in the Low Countries. In particular, the book has ... More


Implementation of the Act

Alok Kumar and Sushanta K. Chatterjee

in Electricity Sector in India: Policy and Regulation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198082279
eISBN:
9780199082063
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082279.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter deals with broad aspects related to the implementation of the Electricity Act, 2003. It covers the various policies, namely, National Electricity Policy, Tariff Policy, and Rural ... More


Global Trends Toward Transparency in Participant-Level Clinical Trials Data

Alla Digilova, Rebecca Li, Mark Barnes, and Barbara Bierer

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

In this chapter, the authors review recent regulatory and private efforts focused on broadening access to participant-level data collected as part of clinical trials. The authors consider the risks ... More


The North Pacific Fur Seal Treaty and the Theory of International Cooperation

Scott Barrett

in Environment and Statecraft: The Strategy of Environmental Treaty-Making

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780199286096
eISBN:
9780191602832
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286094.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter tells the story of how the northern fur seal (Callorhinus ursinus) was nearly hunted to extinction, and how the North Pacific Fur Seal Treaty of 1911 not only reversed this situation, ... More


Acting up, opening up knowledge

Jessie Daniels and Polly Thistlethwaite

in Being a Scholar in the Digital Era: Transforming Scholarly Practice for the Public Good

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781447329251
eISBN:
9781447332572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329251.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Opening up knowledge matters and the emergence of digital technologies holds the promise of openness. Yet, much of scholarly publishing remains locked behind paywalls that benefit a handful of ... More


Lone Heroes or Collaborative Communities? On Sumerian Literature and its Practitioners

Eleanor Robson

in Ancient Egyptian Literature: Theory and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265420
eISBN:
9780191760471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265420.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL), a ten-year project to edit and analyse ancient Sumerian literature, came to an end on 31 August 2006. Like Egyptian, Sumerian is one of the ... More


Publication Practices and Responsible Authorship

Ann Nichols-Casebolt

in Research Integrity and Responsible Conduct of Research

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195378108
eISBN:
9780199932634
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378108.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Dissemination of research findings is an essential responsibility for investigators, thus it is important we assure the integrity of the process. This chapter examines various publication practices ... More


The Commonwealth of Learning

John Willinsky

in The Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226487922
eISBN:
9780226488080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488080.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter reviews the current state of open access to research and scholarship, including the role of piracy, along with the rationales for advocating making this work freely available to readers. ... More


Introduction: Overview of World Capture Fisheries and the Foundations of Fisheries Economics

Trond Bjørndal and Gordon R. Munro

in The Economics and Management of World Fisheries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199576753
eISBN:
9780191745973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199576753.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, Financial Economics

This chapter reviews the Gordon-Schaefer static economic model of the fishery, the model marking the beginning of modern fisheries economics. The model is examined in the context of two cases – Pure ... More


Opening Education, Linking to Communities: The #InQ13 Collective’s Participatory Open Online Course (POOC) in East Harlem

Jessie Daniels, Polly Thistlethwaite, and Shawn(ta) Smith-Cruz

in MOOCs and Their Afterlives: Experiments in Scale and Access in Higher Education

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226469317
eISBN:
9780226469591
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226469591.003.0013
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Drawing on experiences with the JustPublics@365 participatory open online course, or POOC, this chapter discusses the politics and possibilities of open access pedagogy and the broader engagement ... More


11.2 Open Access versus “Open Viewing” for a Web of Science: The Neurocommons Example

John Wilbanks and Hal Abelson

in World Wide Research: Reshaping the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014397
eISBN:
9780262272087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014397.003.0036
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

Open access (OA) to scientific literature has sparked debates over allowing the public to view journal articles on the Internet free of charge. However, “open viewing” alone does not promote full ... More


Organizations, Civil Society, and the Roots of Development

Naomi R. Lamoreaux and John Joseph Wallis (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226426365
eISBN:
9780226426532
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426532.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Modern developed societies are rich and secure in large measure because citizens possess the civil right to form organizations and have access for this purpose to a set of legal tools that the ... More


Managing People: The Common Property Option

David A. Cleveland

in Balancing on a Planet: The Future of Food and Agriculture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520277410
eISBN:
9780520957084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520277410.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Agrifood systems resources are classified as private, public, or common pool (CPRs) by the costs of excluding others from using them and the extent their value is reduced with use (subtractability). ... More


MOOCs and Their Afterlives: Experiments in Scale and Access in Higher Education

Elizabeth Losh (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226469317
eISBN:
9780226469591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226469591.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

Many of the essays in MOOCs and Their Afterlives argue that what may have been most significant about the advent of massive open online courses produced by companies like Coursera and edX was not the ... More


Epilogue

John Willinsky

in The Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226487922
eISBN:
9780226488080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226488080.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This book’s epilogue concludes with how this history, reaching back to late antiquity and leading up to the passing of the Statute of Anne 1710, speaks to the contribution that learning has made to ... More


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