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Some Formal Ontological Relations

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a formal ontological relation is introduced and illustrated. Distinctions are drawn between various types of ontological dependence relations. The hierarchical character of systems of ... More


Ramsey's Problem and its Solution

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

F. P. Ramsey’s objections to the universal/particular distinction, especially as advocated by Bertrand Russell, are examined in depth and rebutted. At the same time, certain important lessons are ... More


Musical Works as Continuants: A Theory Rejected

Julian Dodd

in Works of Music: An Essay in Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284375
eISBN:
9780191713743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284375.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter focuses on the view that works of music are not types, but continuants or (as they are sometimes called) historical individuals. Two versions of the continuant view are discussed: ... More


Commitment and Configuration in the Categories

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin considers the relation between the ontological commitment in the Categories and the semantical theory of underlying ontological configurations for standard categorical statements. According to ... More


Ontological Dependence

PETER SIMONS

in Parts: A Study in Ontology

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199241460
eISBN:
9780191696930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199241460.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Implicit in the criticism of mereological theories which permit the existence of arbitrary sums is the view that something cannot count as an individual, as one object, unless it is possessed of a ... More


Ontological Dependence

Kathrin Koslicki

in Form, Matter, Substance

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198823803
eISBN:
9780191862588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198823803.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter focuses on the question of whether concrete particular objects deserve to be classified as substances within a hylomorphic ontology, despite their metaphysical complexity, and, if so, ... More


The Non-existence of Ontological Foundations

Jan Westerhoff

in The Non-Existence of the Real World

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198847915
eISBN:
9780191882548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847915.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General

If both the external and the internal world turn out to be less solid than we initially thought, one thing we can still hold on to is the certainty that something is real, even if the external world ... More


The metaphysics of the Extended Mind in ontological entanglements 1

Anna Marmodoro

in The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The human mind often relies on external mechanisms for carrying out its cognitive processes, for example by using a calculator. Vehicle externalism and in particular the Extended Mind theory (Clark ... More


Essence and Dependence

Jessica Wilson

in Metaphysics, Meaning, and Modality: Themes from Kit Fine

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199652624
eISBN:
9780191889660
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199652624.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I argue that Kit Fine’s essence-based account of ontological dependence is subject to various counterexamples. I first discuss Fine’s distinctive “schema-based” approach to metaphysical theorizing, ... More


Fundamentality and Ontological Minimality

Tuomas E. Tahko

in Reality and its Structure: Essays in Fundamentality

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198755630
eISBN:
9780191816772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755630.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, a generic definition of fundamentality as an ontological minimality thesis is sought and its applicability examined. Many discussions of fundamentality are focused on a mereological ... More


Truthmaking and the Mysteries of Emergence

Kevin Morris

in Brute Facts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses and evaluates the role of truthmaking in articulating an unproblematic concept of emergence—specifically, the proposal that emergent properties should be characterized as those ... More


Modes

Martin Lin

in Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198834151
eISBN:
9780191879043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834151.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter argues that commentators have misunderstood Spinoza’s claim that particular things are modes of God by holding that modes are either accidents that inhere in God or objects that do not ... More


Realization and Multiple Realization

Thomas W. Polger

in The Multiple Realization Book

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198732891
eISBN:
9780191796913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732891.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Functionalism, or non-reductive physicalism, presupposes the possibility of multiple realization. Multiple realization, in turn, suggests an analysis of realization as an ontological dependence ... More


The Non-Existence of the Real World

Jan Westerhoff

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198847915
eISBN:
9780191882548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198847915.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The book is concerned with the existence of the real world, that is, with the existence of a world of objects that exist independent of human interests, concerns, and cognitive activities. The main ... More


Body in Categories 6

Christian Pfeiffer

in Aristotle's Theory of Bodies

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198779728
eISBN:
9780191824753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198779728.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter expands on the basic theory, which is presented in the Categories. It offers a treatment of the mereotopological properties of bodies, for instance, what belongs to them insofar as they ... More


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