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Ordinary Objects

Amie L. Thomasson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arguments that ordinary inanimate objects such as tables and chairs, sticks and stones, simply do not exist have become increasingly common. Some arguments for eliminativism are based on demands for ... More


Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What in our theoretical pronouncements commits us to objects? The Quinean standard for ontological commitment involves (nearly enough) commitments when we utter “there is” or “there are” statements ... More


Commitment and Configuration in the Categories

Michael V. Wedin

in Aristotle's Theory of Substance: The Categories and Metaphysics Zeta

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253081
eISBN:
9780191598647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253080.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Wedin considers the relation between the ontological commitment in the Categories and the semantical theory of underlying ontological configurations for standard categorical statements. According to ... More


Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


Ontological Commitment

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter continues the discussion of the issues raised by the chapter 6, focusing on the issue of ontological commitment. The chapter argues that Buridan’s theory of ampliation, reconstructed in ... More


Applied Mathematics and Ontology

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The ontological commitments of various applied mathematical theories are evaluated by determining which posits involved are ontologically independent. The most intricate of these, a portion of ... More


Ontology

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The metaontological question is: are ontological questions substantive? Ontological deflationists like Eli Hirsch say no; they are best construed as denying that quantifiers carve at the joints. ... More


Ontological Reductionism

Alan Weir

in Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199541492
eISBN:
9780191594915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541492.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The concepts of the previous chapter are applied to projectivism. The metaphysical content of projective sentences is given by the presence of internal attitudes but this content is no part of the ... More


Ontological Commitment and the Vernacular: Some Warnings

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Argues that no ordinary language idiom, not “there is” or “there are,” not “exists,” as a matter of semantics, implies ontological commitment. Nevertheless, ordinary speakers understand what ... More


Truthmaking without Truthmakers

Joseph Melia

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the ‘sensible nominalist’ can invoke a nominalist-friendly version of the truthmaker principle in order to overcome a standard objection to nominalism. The nominalist is ... More


The Indispensability of Mathematics

Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Looks at the Quine–Putnam indispensability argument in the philosophy of mathematics. This argument urges us to place mathematical entities on the same ontological footing as other theoretical ... More


Conclusion

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

in A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Turns from exposition to evaluation of nominalist interpretations, first considering the revolutionary claim that the nominalist theories are superior to current mathematically formulated ones. We ... More


Introduction

Helen Beebee and Julian Dodd

in Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199283569
eISBN:
9780191712708
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283569.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This introductory chapter sets the scene for the topics covered by the subsequent chapters. First of all, the truthmaker principle is introduced and questions concerning its formulation highlighted. ... More


Posits and Existence

Jody Azzouni

in Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is argued that Quinean rent (Quine’s five virtues) don’t suffice to ontologically commit us to the existence of posits. To this end, the “black box” objection is deployed against the “success ... More


Truthmaking

John Heil

in The Universe As We Find It

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199596201
eISBN:
9780191741876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199596201.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, General

The significance and utility of the concept of truthmaking are discussed. The suggestion that truthmaking is entailment (truths entail truthmakers) is found wanting, as is the apparently innocent ... More


A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space and time and no causes or effects in the physical world. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility ... More


Ontology, Analyticity, and Meaning: The Quine-Carnap Dispute

Scott Soames

in Analytic Philosophy in America: And Other Historical and Contemporary Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160726
eISBN:
9781400850464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160726.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter examines the dispute between Quine and Carnap about how to understand ontological commitment and what ontology to adopt. The central dispute is over Carnap’s acceptance of abstract ... More


The Argument from the Deliberative Indispensability of Irreducibly Normative Truths

David Enoch

in Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199579969
eISBN:
9780191729010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579969.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a positive argument for Robust Metanormative Realism that is modeled after indispensability arguments in the philosophy of mathematics or inferences to the best explanation more ... More


Introduction

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the indispensability argument for the existence of mathematical objects, presenting it as relying on three premises: (P1) Naturalism, (P2) Confirmational Holism, and (P3) ... More


Ontological Innocence

Katherine Hawley

in Composition as Identity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199669615
eISBN:
9780191781643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669615.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

In Parts of Classes, David Lewis argues that mereology is ontologically innocent, and connects this to the thesis that composition is identity. This chapter investigates whether mereology can be ... More


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