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Ordinary Objects

Amie L. Thomasson

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195319910
eISBN:
9780199869602
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319910.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Arguments that ordinary inanimate objects such as tables and chairs, sticks and stones, simply do not exist have become increasingly common. Some arguments for eliminativism are based on demands for ... More


Some Formal Ontological Relations

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of a formal ontological relation is introduced and illustrated. Distinctions are drawn between various types of ontological dependence relations. The hierarchical character of systems of ... More


Talking About Nothing: Numbers, Hallucinations and Fictions

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199738946
eISBN:
9780199866175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738946.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Ordinary language and scientific language enable us to speak about, in a singular way (with demonstratives and names), what we recognize not to exist: fictions, the contents of our hallucinations, ... More


What Mechanism Isn't

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

There are two ways to understand early modern mechanism: first, as the view that what happens in the natural world is a result of the mechanical properties of bodies (call this “course‐of‐nature ... More


Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195159882
eISBN:
9780199834990
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159888.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

What in our theoretical pronouncements commits us to objects? The Quinean standard for ontological commitment involves (nearly enough) commitments when we utter “there is” or “there are” statements ... More


The Possibility of Metaphysics: Substance, Identity, and Time

E. J. Lowe

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244997
eISBN:
9780191597930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244995.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Begins with a defence of realist metaphysics against its many enemies. Metaphysics, it is argued, is an autonomous and indispensable intellectual discipline whose distinctive task is to chart the ... More


A Subject With No Object: Strategies for Nominalistic Interpretation of Mathematics

John P. Burgess and Gideon Rosen

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250128
eISBN:
9780191597138
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250126.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Numbers and other mathematical objects are exceptional in having no locations in space and time and no causes or effects in the physical world. This makes it difficult to account for the possibility ... More


The Indispensability of Mathematics

Mark Colyvan

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Looks at the Quine–Putnam indispensability argument in the philosophy of mathematics. This argument urges us to place mathematical entities on the same ontological footing as other theoretical ... More


Conclusion

Ian Hinckfuss

in The Existence of Space and Time

Published in print:
1975
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198245193
eISBN:
9780191680854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245193.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that the relationalist programme can always be made to work, but in some cases only by the invention of a surrogate entity to bear the properties that, prior to the reduction, ... More


Ontological Categories and Categorial Schemes

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A realist approach to metaphysics and ontology is defended in the face of some antirealist tendencies in contemporary philosophical thought. The general notion of an ontological category is explained ... More


Ramsey's Problem and its Solution

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

F. P. Ramsey’s objections to the universal/particular distinction, especially as advocated by Bertrand Russell, are examined in depth and rebutted. At the same time, certain important lessons are ... More


Thought Before Language

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Starting from the appealing folk idea that “language expresses thought”, this chapter argues that the psychological reality of language should be investigated from a perspective on thought. The idea ... More


Phenomenal Concepts and the Explanatory Gap

David J. Chalmers

in Phenomenal Concepts and Phenomenal Knowledge: New Essays on Consciousness and Physicalism

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195171655
eISBN:
9780199871339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171655.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers have reacted in different ways to the apparent explanatory gap between physical processes and consciousness. Some deny that any explanatory gap exists at all. Some hold that there is an ... More


The Nature of Necessity

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
1978
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244141
eISBN:
9780191598241
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244142.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a study of the concept of necessity. In the first three chapters, I clarify and defend the distinction between modality de re and modality de dicto. Also, I show how to explain de re ... More


Truthmaking, Necessity, and Essential Dependence

E. J. Lowe

in The Four-Category Ontology: A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199254392
eISBN:
9780191603600
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199254397.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The notion of truthmaking is examined. A distinction is drawn between formal ontological predicates — which should not be taken to denote elements of being — and other predicates, with ‘is true’, ... More


The Concept of Overall Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Some authors, such as Felix Oppenheim, Will Kymlicka and Ronald Dworkin, have claimed that the notion of degrees of freedom makes no sense, or in any case plays no part in a liberal theory of ... More


Towards an Ontological Understanding of Relationships

Andrew Moutu

in Names are Thicker than Blood: Kinship and Ownership amongst the Iatmul

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197264454
eISBN:
9780191760501
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264454.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Asian Cultural Anthropology

This chapter summarises the analysis provided in the book and suggests how an anthropologist might conceptualise relationships in ontological terms. It argues that what distinguishes ‘relationships’ ... More


 Theologizing Race: James H. Cone, Liberation, and the Theological Meaning of Blackness

J. Kameron Carter

in Race: A Theological Account

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195152791
eISBN:
9780199870578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152791.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Theology

At the center of the intellectual program called a black theology of liberation, as spearheaded by James Cone, has been unmasking the superstructure of whiteness as rooted in a problematic ... More


The Various Kinds of Concepts and the Idea of a Mental Language

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Common representational content allows the Buridanian classification of human concepts discussed in the fourth chapter, which provides the first thoroughgoing, systematic survey of Buridan’s ... More


Ontological Commitment

Gyula Klima

in John Buridan

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195176223
eISBN:
9780199871957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176223.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter continues the discussion of the issues raised by the chapter 6, focusing on the issue of ontological commitment. The chapter argues that Buridan’s theory of ampliation, reconstructed in ... More


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