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Detection with slow rate of onset

L. Weiskrantz

in Blindsight: A Case Study and Implications

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521921
eISBN:
9780191706226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521921.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Because there were some conditions under which D. B. spoke of a ‘feeling of movement’ when stimuli were turned on abruptly, the question arose as to whether this would still be true with gradual ... More


Alzheimer Genes: Biomarkers of Prediction and Prevention

Margaret Lock

in The Alzheimer Conundrum: Entanglements of Dementia and Aging

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149783
eISBN:
9781400848461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149783.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter introduces Alzheimer genetics, including an account of the genes associated with rare, familial, early-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). Discussion is included about why such patients are ... More


Perinatal and Developmental Determinants of Early Onset of Offending: A Biosocial Approach for Explaining the Two Peaks of Early Antisocial Behavior

Stephen G. Tibbetts

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the current state of scientific knowledge on the importance of early onset in the etiology of persistent offending. After reviewing the evidence showing the importance of early ... More


Syllable structure in Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

Chinese is well known for having a simple syllable structure, clear syllable boundaries, and a small syllable inventory. This chapter examines what its structure is and what constraints influence ... More


Standard Chinese

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an analysis of distribution patterns of sounds and syllables in Standard Chinese, including sound frequencies and onset, rhyme, syllable, and tonal frequencies. It also discusses ... More


English I: the maximal syllable size

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter investigates the maximal syllable size in English. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in English is CVX. The ... More


German

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter offers an exhaustive analysis of German words in the CELEX lexicon. It shows that given the concepts of a potential V, the affix rule, and complex sounds, the maximal syllable in German ... More


Jiarong (rGyalrong)

San Duanmu

in Syllable Structure: The Limits of Variation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199267590
eISBN:
9780191708367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267590.003.0011
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter analyzes Jiarong, a Tibeto‐Burman language that was thought to be quite unusual in having large onset and coda clusters that violate expected sonority contours. It shows that, given the ... More


The Perception of Quality: Auditory Timbre

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The sound reaching the observer is the result of the discrete frequency source excitation being filtered by the sound body resonances, analogous to that for color stimuli. However, the interactive ... More


Auditory and Visual Segmentation

Stephen Handel

in Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and seeing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195169645
eISBN:
9780199786732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169645.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The proximal stimulation at ear and eye is neutral, the excitations from different sources are intermixed, and the excitations can be organized in several ways to yield different percepts. The ... More


The Question of Reversible Autistic Behavior in Autism

Michele Zappella

in The Neurology of Autism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182224
eISBN:
9780199786701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182224.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews reports of reversible autistic behavior. Children who may experience a reversal of autistic symptoms include the following: (i) those who experience profound deprivation in early ... More


The Development of Persistent Criminality

Joanne Savage (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This volume addresses one of the most pressing problems of modern criminology: Why do some individuals become chronic, persistent offenders? Chronic offenders are responsible for the majority of ... More


Biological Factors and the Development of Persistent Criminality

Patrick Sylvers, Stacy R. Ryan, S. Amanda Alden, and Patricia A. Brennan

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter orients the reader to the current biological models of delinquent psychopathology and provides an overview of the biological literature; including heritability, psychophysiology, ... More


What We Have Learned? Directions for Future Research and Policy

Joanne Savage

in The Development of Persistent Criminality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195310313
eISBN:
9780199871384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310313.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter integrates what was learned from the chapters of the book with the scholarly literature and propose suggestions for future research and policy. The chapter encourages future researchers ... More


Conclusion: Retrospective and Prospective

Rodney Sampson

in Vowel Prosthesis in Romance: A Diachronic Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541157
eISBN:
9780191716096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541157.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology

Basic structural properties underlying the different categories of vowel prosthesis are enumerated and compared, revealing important characteristics shared by all categories. Of central importance is ... More


Adult Onset Offending: Perspectives for Future Research

Georgia Zara

in The Future of Criminology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199917938
eISBN:
9780199950430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917938.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on the much neglected criminal career aspect of adult-onset offenders. It stresses that risk factors do not always need to have an immediate and direct effect, that some early ... More


Syllable structure and phonotactics

Kristján Árnason

in The Phonology of Icelandic and Faroese

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199229314
eISBN:
9780191728464
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199229314.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Language Families

The chapter focuses on syllable structure and phonotactics, starting with Icelandic and discussing the motivation for assuming the syllable and subsyllabic constituents as structural entities. Among ... More


The Onset of Connectivity

Helmut Satz

in The Rules of the Flock: Self-Organization and Swarm Structure in Animal Societies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198853398
eISBN:
9780191888052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853398.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Placing identical finite sized objects randomly in a plane leads first to cluster formation, eventually to the formation of overall connection: this process is denoted as percolation. It is a ... More


The Rules of the Flock

Helmut Satz

in The Rules of the Flock: Self-Organization and Swarm Structure in Animal Societies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780198853398
eISBN:
9780191888052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198853398.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

Following the seminal work of T. Vicsek et al. (Budapest), mathematical models are formulated, based on next neighbor interactions (alignment of flight direction) leading to global correlations. ... More


Representing Tone in Levenshtein Distance

Cathryn Yang and Andy Castro

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Levenshtein distance, also known as string edit distance, correlates strongly with both perceived distance and intelligibility in various Indo-European languages. This chapter describes the ... More


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