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Density operators and Wigner functions

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0019
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter introduces density operators and matrices for many-body systems, and explains their reduction to one- and two-body densities. Starting from the Slater determinant, the latter are ... More


Restrictions on private property in Gandhi, Christianity, Plato, and the Stoics

Richard Sorabji

in Gandhi and the Stoics: Modern Experiments on Ancient Values

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199644339
eISBN:
9780191745812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644339.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Gandhi praised Christ's advocacy of subsistence-living without hoarding for tomorrow, and required these for a non-violent attitude. Even one's body was not one's own property. Reinterpreting Ruskin, ... More


Imperial Subjectification: The Collapsing Spaces of a Wartime City

Todd A. Henry

in Assimilating Seoul: Japanese Rule and the Politics of Public Space in Colonial Korea, 1910–1945

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520276550
eISBN:
9780520958418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520276550.003.0006
Subject:
History, Asian History

Chapter 5 shows how wartime mobilization led to the unprecedented compression and expansion of space. For one, the culture of an increasingly militarized Namsan began to penetrate Korean homes ... More


Coherence, Interference, and the Josephson Effect

Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari

in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198758884
eISBN:
9780191818721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter discusses several phenomena related to the coherence of trapped Bose–Einstein condensates. These include the long-range behaviour of the one-body density matrix and the interference ... More


Conceptions of the Self

Philip J. Ivanhoe

in Oneness: East Asian Conceptions of Virtue, Happiness, and How We Are All Connected

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190840518
eISBN:
9780190840549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190840518.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the general question of what it is to have a notion of the self and surveys a range of contemporary accounts of what the self might be. It challenges the widely yet uncritically ... More


The two-body problem: an effective-one-body approach: Written in collaboration with Félix-Louis Julié

Nathalie Deruelle and Jean-Philippe Uzan

in Relativity in Modern Physics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198786399
eISBN:
9780191828669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786399.003.0056
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter presents the basics of the ‘effective-one-body’ approach to the two-body problem in general relativity. It also shows that the 2PN equations of motion can be mapped. This can be done by ... More


Metaphysics, Epistemology, and Ethics

Philip J. Ivanhoe

in Zhu Xi: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190861254
eISBN:
9780190861292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861254.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter provides an overview of Zhu Xi’s metaphysics epistemology, and ethics, with the aim of providing the basic foundations of his philosophical system. It explains how he developed, shaped, ... More


Beyond Newton

Nils Andersson

in Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198568032
eISBN:
9780191878077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198568032.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The post-Newtonian approximation is explained and the main issues arising in the description of inspiralling binary systems are considered. The ideas behind the effective-one-body approach to the ... More


Long-range Order, Symmetry Breaking, and Order Parameter

Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari

in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198758884
eISBN:
9780191818721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the fundamental concepts of off-diagonal long-range order, breaking of gauge symmetry, and order parameter, which underlie the concept of Bose–Einstein condensation. The ... More


The Ideal Bose Gas

Lev Pitaevskii and Sandro Stringari

in Bose-Einstein Condensation and Superfluidity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198758884
eISBN:
9780191818721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198758884.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter describes the mechanism of Bose–Einstein condensation in the simplest ideal Bose gas case. An explicit expression for the critical temperature is derived in the analytically soluble case ... More


Oneness and Happiness

Philip J. Ivanhoe

in Oneness: East Asian Conceptions of Virtue, Happiness, and How We Are All Connected

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190840518
eISBN:
9780190840549
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190840518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter describes in detail the different yet related conceptions of eudaimonia (flourishing, happiness) found in the writings of Kongzi (Confucius), Zhuangzi (a leading Daoist), and the ... More


Human Dignity and the Right to Assisted Suicide

Holger Baumann and Peter Schaber

in Human Dignity and Assisted Death

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190675967
eISBN:
9780190675998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675967.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If a person competently requests another person to assist her in dying, she thereby exercises her normative power to make the act permissible that belongs to her rights over her own body. Denying a ... More


Zhu Xi’s Commentarial Work: Abiding in the Mean and the Constant

Daniel K. Gardner

in Zhu Xi: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190861254
eISBN:
9780190861292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861254.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents a translation of chapters 1–11 of Abiding in the Mean and the Constant (sometimes translated as the Doctrine of the Mean), one of the Four Books, along with Zhu Xi’s commentary. ... More


Introduction

Philip J. Ivanhoe (ed.)

in Zhu Xi: Selected Writings

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780190861254
eISBN:
9780190861292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861254.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter offers a comprehensive sketch of Zhu Xi’s life and thought, drawing upon his official bibliography as well as other resources and incorporating information from the entire range of his ... More


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