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Rx: Volunteer: A Prescription for Healthy Aging

Adam S. Hirschfelder and Sabrina L. Reilly

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter outlines one potentially useful yet, to date, virtually unexamined practical public health application of the research on the health benefits of volunteerism — the involvement of primary ... More


Long-Term Memory and Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Denise C. Park and Angela H. Gutchess

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter provides an updated view of what is known about aging and memory, integrating behaviorally based research with more recent neurally-based findings. It argues that with age, memory ... More


Restorative Justice and Aging: Promise for Integrated Practice

Alexandra Lee Crampton and Nancy P. Kropf

in Social Work and Restorative Justice: Skills for Dialogue, Peacemaking, and Reconciliation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195394641
eISBN:
9780199863365
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394641.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter focuses on an important shared concern in gerontological social work and restorative justice: helping older adults who become frail, dependent, and vulnerable. It explores the benefits ... More


The Availability and Supportive Functions of Extended Kinship Ties in Later Life: Evidence from the Berlin Ageing Stud y

Sarah Harper

in Families in Ageing Societies: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199251162
eISBN:
9780191602740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251169.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the availability and supportive functions of extended kin relationships in later life, drawing on the results of the Berlin Ageing study. It is shown that in addition to close ... More


Volunteerism, Religiousness, Spirituality, and the Health Outcomes of Older Adults

Allen M. Omoto and Michèle M. Schlehofer

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0026
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter explores the interrelationships among volunteerism, religiousness, and health among older adults. It attempts to provide evidence for possible connections between religiousness, ... More


The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory and Aging

Patricia A. Reuter-Lorenz and Ching-Yune C. Sylvester

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews current knowledge about the effects of normal aging on working memory and its neural underpinnings. It begins with a general overview of working memory, how it is measured by ... More


Altruism, Well-Being, and Mental Health in Late Life

Elizabeth Midlarsky and Eva Kahana

in Altruism and Health: Perspectives from Empirical Research

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182910
eISBN:
9780199786794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter begins with the background of and a theory on altruism. It then focuses on research on older helpers, emphasizing work on Holocaust heroes, who are at the time of writing this book quite ... More


Functional Connectivity During Memory Tasks in Healthy Aging and Dementia

Cheryl L. Grady

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter reviews functional neuroimaging studies of memory in young adults, older adults, and patients with dementia that have used the traditional univariate subtraction approach. It shows how ... More


The Clinical Decision Tree of Oral Health in Geriatrics

Jie W Weiss and David J Weiss

in A Science of Decision Making: The Legacy of Ward Edwards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195322989
eISBN:
9780199869206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195322989.003.0035
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the Clinical Decision Tree—a visual representation of a systematic understanding of an entire decision process in rendering clinical decisions in geriatric dentistry. To the ... More


Cognitive Training in Healthy Aging: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective

Lars Nyberg

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0013
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter begins with a review of studies on the effectiveness of various forms of cognitive training on the performance of younger and older adults. It then presents results from structural and ... More


Services for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults

Bradley D. Zodikoff

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0050
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter presents an overview of community-based social services for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults. It focuses specifically on service delivery issues with respect ... More


Sexual Orientation and Aging in Western Society

Arnold H. Grossman, John A. Frank, and Michael J. McCutcheon

in Handbook of Psychology and Sexual Orientation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199765218
eISBN:
9780199979585
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199765218.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter examines more than thirty years of research about lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) older adults. Although it provides a significant portrait of the lives of groups of LGB older adults, ... More


Pain in older people

Elaine Thomas

in Chronic Pain Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199235766
eISBN:
9780191594816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199235766.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews the current literature associated with chronic pain in older adults. It focuses on the size, impact, and commonest causes of the problem in the community and primary care; ... More


Adult Age Differences in Episodic Memory: Item-Specific, Relational, and Distinctive Processing

Rebekah E. Smith

in Distinctiveness and Memory

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169669
eISBN:
9780199847563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Younger adults often perform better than older adults do on memory tests. Researchers interested in these age-associated performance differences have at times drawn concepts from the “mainstream” ... More


Palliative care for the older adult

Kevin Brazil

in A Public Health Perspective on End of Life Care

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199599400
eISBN:
9780191739170
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599400.003.0068
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

The societal shift towards an older population has implications for how palliative care should be provided. This chapter identifies some considerations that policy-makers and health care providers ... More


The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

West Robert

in Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging: Linking cognitive and cerebral aging

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195156744
eISBN:
9780199864171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0010
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

This chapter has three main goals: (1) to provide an overview of current models of prospective memory within the context of the cognitive aging literature; (2) to provide a review of findings related ... More


HIV-Infected and HIV-Affected Older Adults

Cynthia Poindexter and Charles Emlet

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter presents an overview of social work practice implications that can arise when the experience of HIV and aging intersect. It is important to consider HIV and aging together for two ... More


Older Adults in Other Minority Groups

Colette Browne and Virginia Richardson

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0025
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Members of minority groups share a common identity and collectively experience subordination relative to the dominant culture. We typically define minority groups according to such criteria as race, ... More


Older Adults With Orthopedic and Mobility Limitations

Helen Miltiades and Lenard W. Kaye

in Handbook of Social Work in Health and Aging

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195173727
eISBN:
9780199893218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173727.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter considers the major orthopedic diseases and associated conditions that older adults face, and the challenges they pose for them, their families, and the social workers and other health ... More


Language in Adulthood

Susan Kemper

in Lifespan Cognition: Mechanisms of Change

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195169539
eISBN:
9780199847204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169539.003.0015
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

It is tempting to postulate that language development across the lifespan is U-shaped such that language “regression” mirrors language acquisition. Typically, this regression hypothesis is put forth ... More


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