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The Threat of Unemployment

Johannes Lindvall

in Mass Unemployment and the State

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590643
eISBN:
9780191723407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590643.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

This chapter describes how governments in Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands and Sweden responded to the threat of unemployment from the first oil crisis in 1973 until they gave priority to objectives ... More


Introduction

Edeltraud Roller

in The Performance of Democracies: Political Institutions and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199286423
eISBN:
9780191603358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286426.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This introductory chapter defines the questions and goals of the study, and provides a brief overview on the state of research regarding the performance of democracies. It seeks to answer two ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Briefly sets the background for the country studies by discussing the economic conditions that supported the rise of the welfare state in the post‐war years and by highlighting the economic changes ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the first of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


Crosscurrents of Crisis in 1970s America

Thomas Borstelmann

in The 1970s: A New Global History from Civil Rights to Economic Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141565
eISBN:
9781400839704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141565.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines American anxieties about the longstanding foundations of American society and thought. By the 1970s, American society would be buffeted by powerful crosscurrents which reshaped ... More


Oil Shocked

Daniel J. Sargent

in A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195395471
eISBN:
9780199393633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395471.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

US economic and geopolitical interests were entwined in the Middle East in the early 1970s. Prioritizing geopolitical objectives, the Nixon administration bolstered Iran and Saudi Arabia as regional ... More


External Shocks, Industrial Policy, and the Search for Balanced Growth

JAMES E. VESTAL

in Planning for Change: Industrial Policy and Japanese Economic Development, 1945–1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290278
eISBN:
9780191684814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290278.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes Japan's more recent experience with industrial policy, of interest because Japan's economic performance continues to surpass that of other major OECD nations. Although ... More


Introduction

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume I: From Vulnerability to Competitiveness in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240883
eISBN:
9780191600173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240884.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter briefly sets the background for the comparative chapters by discussing the common challenges faced by the post‐war welfare state, beginning in the 1970s with the end of the Bretton Woods ... More


Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Fritz W. Scharpf and Vivien A. Schmidt (eds)

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of a two‐volume study of the adjustment of advanced welfare states to international economic pressures, in which leading scholars detail the wide variety of responses in 12 ... More


France Directing Adjustment?

Jonah D. Levy

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Bismarckian welfare state in France is financed by social security contributions to an even greater degree than is true in Germany. During the oil‐price crises of the 1970s and early 1980s, job ... More


Evaluating Recent Industrial Policy (1973–1990)

JAMES E. VESTAL

in Planning for Change: Industrial Policy and Japanese Economic Development, 1945–1990

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198290278
eISBN:
9780191684814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198290278.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business, Political Economy

This chapter evaluates the efficacy of industrial policy in the 1970s and the 1980s, examining both the rationality of such policy and its impact. It seems probable that industrial policy acted as a ... More


Any Way out of ‘Exit from Work’? Reversing the Entrenched Pathways of Early Retirement

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

After the first oil‐price crisis, many (but not all) OECD countries used early retirement as an adaptation to industrial restructuration, mass unemployment, the social needs of older workers, and the ... More


The Years of Adjustment, the Lost Decade, and the Reform Process

Juan Carlos Moreno-Brid and Jaime Ros

in Development and Growth in the Mexican Economy: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195371161
eISBN:
9780199870608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371161.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Chapter 7 looks at Mexico's radical economic policy responses and adjustment to the adverse shocks of the debt crisis of 1982 and the oil price collapse of 1986, which implied an about face in the ... More


Energy Security and Japan: The Role of International Law, Domestic Law, and Diplomacy

Kazuhiro Nakatani

in Energy Security: Managing Risk in a Dynamic Legal and Regulatory Environment

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199271610
eISBN:
9780191709289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271610.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter begins by discussing Japan's energy situation and current threats to their energy security. It then examines Japan's legal framework for oil supply security. It evaluates the ... More


Switzerland Adjustment Politics Within Institutional Constraints

Giuliano Bonoli and André Mach

in Welfare and Work in the Open Economy Volume II: Diverse Responses to Common Challenges in Twelve Countries

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240920
eISBN:
9780191600180
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240922.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Among ‘Continental’ welfare states, Switzerland had and has the highest per capita income and the highest employment ratio in the group of advanced welfare states included in this study. Its ... More


The Revenge of Geopolitics

Daniel J. Sargent

in A Superpower Transformed: The Remaking of American Foreign Relations in the 1970s

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780195395471
eISBN:
9780199393633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195395471.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, Political History

In 1978, the Carter administration abandoned its preoccupation with world order politics and focused US foreign policy on the containment of the Soviet Union. This strategic reorientation turned not ... More


National Wage Determination in Japan

Clair Brown, Yoshifumi Nakata, Michael Reich, and Lloyd Ulman

in Work and Pay in the United States and Japan

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195115215
eISBN:
9780199854820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115215.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter analyzes how Shunto—Japan's Annual Spring Labor Offensive—has transformed from a wage-boosting mechanism in the high-growth period of the 1960s and early 1970s into an engine of ... More


The Years of Discontent 1977–1979

Kenneth O Morgan

in The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198227649
eISBN:
9780191678769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The new Prime Minister ushered Britain to a period of modest economic growth and relative social tranquillity, despite the impact of the protracted oil crisis and the International Monetary Fund ... More


Labour’s Final Term 1974–1976

Kenneth O Morgan

in The People’s Peace: British History 1945-1989

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198227649
eISBN:
9780191678769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198227649.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Harold Wilson was re-elected in March 1974 with a Labour Party minority administration and immediately took steps to deal with the price explosions and inflationary pressures stemming from the oil ... More


Denmark: A Classic Case of a Green Spiral

Jakob Riiskjaer Nygård

in Can Green Sustain Growth?: From the Religion to the Reality of Sustainable Prosperity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785259
eISBN:
9780804788571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785259.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

The first of a set of cases, this examination of the history of Danish energy policy shows that a classic green spiral effect has led over time to the decoupling of emissions and economic growth. ... More


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