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Policy Instruments from Three Perspectives: Fiscal and Monetary Policy

Joseph E. Stiglitz, José Antonio Ocampo, Shari Spiegel, Ricardo Ffrench-Davis, and Deepak Nayyar

in Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288144
eISBN:
9780191603884
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288143.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter focuses on the use of fiscal and monetary policies (including an analysis of the macroeconomic dimensions of prudential regulations) for a closed economy by contrasting Keynesian, ... More


The Significance of Property Rights in Biotic Sequestration of Carbon

Alastair Lucas

in Property and the Law in Energy and Natural Resources

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579853
eISBN:
9780191722745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579853.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter explores the role of property rights in the design of appropriate legal structures for biotic carbon sequestration. The objective is a regime that permits creation of biotic ... More


Regression with a Count Dependent Variable Regression with a Count Dependent Variable

John G. Orme and Terri Combs-Orme

in Multiple Regression with Discrete Dependent Variables

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195329452
eISBN:
9780199864812
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329452.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Count variables indicate the number of times a particular event occurs to each case, usually within some domain of observation such as a given time period, population size, or geographical area. This ... More


Offsets in the Emerging US Cap-and-Trade Programmes

Kyle W Danish

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

As the United States moves forward from voluntary efforts to the establishment of mandatory cap-and-trade programmes for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, offsets have become a central issue of policy. ... More


The Role of Project-Based Mechanisms in the Future Carbon Market

Jos Cozijnsen and Michael J Coren

in Legal Aspects of Carbon Trading: Kyoto, Copenhagen, and beyond

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199565931
eISBN:
9780191722028
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565931.003.0025
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Private International Law

This chapter addresses the following question: ‘Can offset mechanisms help promote a low-carbon economy at a reasonable cost?’ The answer to this question is, yes. They are not the entirety of the ... More


Rural and Urban Income Inequality and Poverty: Does Convergence between Sectors Offset Divergence within Them?

Robert Eastwood and Michael Lipton

in Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271412
eISBN:
9780191601255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271410.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Explores recent trends in developing and transitional economies in rural–urban, rural, and urban inequality of income and poverty risk, and the offsetting trends in inequality hypothesis (OTI), which ... More


Atmospheric Police: Delegated Authority in the Clean Development Mechanism

Jessica F. Green

in Rethinking Private Authority: Agents and Entrepreneurs in Global Environmental Governance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691157580
eISBN:
9781400848669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691157580.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines why states decided to delegate key monitoring tasks to private actors in the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol. It first provides an overview of the ... More


The Conservation Fund’s Garcia River Forest, California

Chris Kelly

in Stitching the West Back Together: Conservation of Working Landscapes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226165684
eISBN:
9780226165851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165851.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The 24,000-acre Garcia River Forest, about 100 miles north of San Francisco, is a coastal redwood/Douglas fir forest owned by The Conservation Fund (TCF), a national nonprofit organization that ... More


Climate beyond Borders

Michael Méndez

in Climate Change from the Streets: How Conflict and Collaboration Strengthen the Environmental Justice Movement

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780300232158
eISBN:
9780300249378
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300232158.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter reveals the international dimensions and contradictions of California’s climate change regulatory program. It provides an account of the rise of a coalition of translocal justice ... More


Representing Tone in Levenshtein Distance

Cathryn Yang and Andy Castro

in Computing and Language Variation: International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing Volume 2

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748640300
eISBN:
9780748671380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748640300.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

Levenshtein distance, also known as string edit distance, correlates strongly with both perceived distance and intelligibility in various Indo-European languages. This chapter describes the ... More


The Economics of Carbon Offsets

James B. Bushnell and Ryan Sandler

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter discusses the potential of carbon offset mechanisms for reducing mitigation costs. Offset programs involve paying firms to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions rather than raising the ... More


Differentiating Emotion Elicited and Deliberate Emotional Facial Expressions

Ursula Hess and Robert E. Kleck

in What the Face Reveals: Basic and Applied Studies of Spontaneous Expression Using the Facial Action Coding System (FACS)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195179644
eISBN:
9780199847044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195179644.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the differences between emotion elicited, which is spontaneous, and deliberate emotional facial expressions, specifically in relation to the dynamic features of the facial ... More


India's Military Modernization: Challenges and Prospects

Rajesh Basrur, Ajaya Kumar Das, and Manjeet Singh Pardesi (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092384
eISBN:
9780199082674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

India has emerged as a major power in world politics since the end of the Cold War. The pros and cons of India’s power potential have been debated at length in terms of its economic capacities, ... More


The Indian Defence Industry: Struggling with Change

Richard A. Bitzinger

in India's Military Modernization: Challenges and Prospects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092384
eISBN:
9780199082674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines India’s defence industry by noting that, after China, India possesses the largest and most ambitious defence industrial base in the Asia-Pacific. Yet the performance of the ... More


India’s Defence Acquisition and Offset Strategy

Ron Matthews and Alma Lozano

in India's Military Modernization: Challenges and Prospects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198092384
eISBN:
9780199082674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092384.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the role and relevance of defence offsets policy in India’s expanding defence industrial environment. It argues that India’s offsets policy will probably fail to realize the ... More


Situating Global Policies within Local Realities: Climate Conflict from California to Latin America

Tracy Perkins and Aaron Soto-Karlin

in Sustainability: Approaches to Environmental Justice and Social Power

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781479894567
eISBN:
9781479822447
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479894567.003.0005
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter presents the global policy debate over forest carbon offsets as it plays out on the ground. More specifically, it analyzes an effort to link the carbon markets in California (USA), ... More


The continuity of craft masculinities: from letterpress to offset-lithography

Jesse Adams Stein

in Hot Metal: Material Culture and Tangible Labour

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781784994341
eISBN:
9781526121158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994341.003.0004
Subject:
Art, Design

This chapter considers the effect that an autonomous technical artefact – the printing press – had on the workers in charge of them, the press-machinists. It establishes how the printing press ... More


Tradable Emissions Permits with Offsets

Nathan Braun, Timothy Fitzgerald, and Jason Pearcy

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter extends the existing theory of tradable emissions permit markets to allow for tradable permits and offsets. Offsets are currently incorporated into the EU ETS, and in the future similar ... More


Offset Spread Options in the European Carbon Market

Timothy Fitzgerald

in Emissions Trading as a Policy Instrument: Evaluation and Prospects

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780262029285
eISBN:
9780262330435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029285.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Observers of the European Union Emissions Trading System have puzzled over the use, or lack thereof, of carbon offset credits. Emitters eschewed an arbitrage opportunity by forgoing these credits to ... More


Fifty Shades of Green: Moral Licensing, Offsets, and Transformative Works

Sarah McFarland Taylor

in Ecopiety: Green Media and the Dilemma of Environmental Virtue

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479810765
eISBN:
9781479844883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479810765.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

Chapter 2 attends to the role played by “moral offsets” and what social psychologists term “moral self-licensing” in intertwined stories of ecopiety and consumopiety in the not totally unrelated ... More


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