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On Gaia: A Critical Investigation of the Relationship between Life and Earth

Toby Tyrrell

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691121581
eISBN:
9781400847914
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691121581.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially ... More


Conclusions: An Ecosystem Perspective of Shallow Marine Reefs

Tim R. McClanahan and George M. Branch

in Food Webs and the Dynamics of Marine Reefs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195319958
eISBN:
9780199869596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195319958.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter summarizes what the authors consider to be the key and general organizing principles of kelp forests and coral reefs along gradients of oceanography, latitude, and effects of fishing and ... More


Complexity of Marine Fisheries Dynamics and Climate Interactions in the Northeast Pacific Ocean

Kevin M. Bailey, Anne B. Hollowed, and Warren S. Wooster

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation: The North Atlantic: A Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507499
eISBN:
9780191709845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The impact of climate on fisheries is highly variable, indirect, and complex. Several dominant themes related to climate change and fisheries are considered in some of the chapters in this volume ... More


Greening the Alliance: The Diplomacy of NATO's Science and Environmental Initiatives

Simone Turchetti

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226595658
eISBN:
9780226595825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Following the launch of Sputnik, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization became a prominent sponsor of scientific research in its member countries, a role it retained until the end of the Cold War. As ... More


Materials and Methods

Taisoo Park

in Taxonomy and Distribution of the Calanoid Copepod Family Heterorhabdidae

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098428
eISBN:
9780520916029
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098428.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter examines specimens picked from the Isaacs–Kidd midwater trawl (IKMT) samples selected from the collections available at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO). It notes that ... More


Epilogue: The Great Trends in Exploration and the Challenges Ahead

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

The period between 1880 and 1930 laid the foundations for modern oceanography. It was a time of great expeditions and great expansion of sophisticated instrumentation. A shift to acoustics and marine ... More


Introduction: Coping With a Sea of Change

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This book explores the physical, chemical, and biological aspects of the ocean. It discusses the history of oceanography and exploration, and pays special attention to the developments of the Scripps ... More


Discovering the Ocean: Of Fish and Ships and People

Wolf H. Berger

in Ocean: Reflections on a Century of Exploration

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520247789
eISBN:
9780520942547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520247789.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter discusses the impact of human activities on the ocean and provides a brief history of the expansion of ocean research. It begins by discussing the major causes of fishery decline in the ... More


Processes in Microbial Ecology

David L. Kirchman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789406
eISBN:
9780191831256
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789406.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Aquatic Biology

Processes in Microbial Ecology discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other protists—the microbes—in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. The ... More


Long-Term Ecological Research in the Arctic: Where Science Never Sleeps

John E. Hobbie

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0015
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

When the Arctic (ARC) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) project began, I was an aquatic ecologist with experience in managing large projects in ... More


My Evolution as a Long- Term Ecological Research Scientist

John J. Magnuson

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0048
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

My college education as a fish and fishery ecologist provided a solid base for my evolution to a scientist absorbed by the long-term ecology of lakes in ... More


Learning from a Frozen Ocean: The Changing Face of Antarctic Ocean Ecology

Hugh W. Ducklow

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0050
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The temporal perspective provided by the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program places individual, limited, short-term observations and experiments ... More


Sharing Information: Many Hands Make Light Work

John H. Porter

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0063
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program has shaped almost every aspect of my scientific career. It has enabled me to pursue ecoinformatics, a new ... More


Exploring the Scientific and Beyond-Science Interactions of Long-Term Ecological Research Scientists

Courtney G. Flint

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0067
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The essays in this volume are analyzed to assess the degree to which they portray scientific and beyond-science interactions. The Long-Term Ecological ... More


Long-Term Ecological Research Over the Long Term: A Historian’s Perspective

Christopher Hamlin

in Long-Term Ecological Research: Changing the Nature of Scientists

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199380213
eISBN:
9780197562949
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199380213.003.0068
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

There are many precedents for long-term research in the history of science. Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) program’s current identity reflects ... More


Great Whales as Prey Using Demography and Bioenergetics to Infer Interactions in Marine Mammal Communities

DANIEL F. DOAK, TERRIE M. WILLIAMS, and JAMES A. ESTES

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

One way to address big-scale problems and processes is to use small-scale data to construct and test mechanistic models of events at higher levels of organization and at larger spatial scales. Even ... More


Whales and Whaling in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea Oceanographic Insights and Ecosystem Impacts

ALAN M. SPRINGER, GUS B. VAN VLIET, JOHN F. PIATT, and ERIC M. DANNER

in Whales, Whaling, and Ocean Ecosystems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520248847
eISBN:
9780520933200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520248847.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

Did the removal of megatons of upper-trophic-level consumers significantly alter food-web dynamics by removing significant levels of predatory controls over prey populations, removing an important ... More


The Surveillance Ambitions of NATO’s Science Program

Simone Turchetti

in Greening the Alliance: The Diplomacy of NATO's Science and Environmental Initiatives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226595658
eISBN:
9780226595825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In its first five years of existence, the Science Committee elaborated the three funding schemes that typified the science program for the following fifty years: fellowships to study abroad, the ... More


Changing the Mission:: From the Cold War to Climate Change

Naomi Oreskes

in Science and Technology in the Global Cold War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262027953
eISBN:
9780262326100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027953.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In the early 1990s a group of American oceanographers sought to change their focus away from Cold War military concerns and toward environmental matters related to anthropogenic climate change. ... More


Processes in Microbial Ecology

David L. Kirchman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199586936
eISBN:
9780191774645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586936.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This book, which discusses the major processes carried out by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and other protists – the microbes – in freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems, focuses on ... More


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