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Ecological effects of ocean acidification

M. Débora Iglesias-Rodriguez, Katharina E. Fabricius, and Paul McElhany

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Changes in seawater chemistry driven by ocean acidification are altering the physiological performance and ecology of marine biota. Ocean acidification effects on calcification, photosynthesis, and ... More


Curbing CO2 Pollution: Using Existing Laws to Address Ocean Acidification

Miyoko Sakashita

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter highlights that the United States has the ability and the duty under existing U.S. law to regulate carbon dioxide pollution that is causing ocean acidification. Specifically, it explains ... More


Physiological effects of ocean acidification on animal calcifiers

Inna M. Sokolova, Omera B. Matoo, Gary H. Dickinson, and Elia Beniash

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter reviews the current state of knowledge about the diversity in physiological responses (including energy metabolism, acid–base balance, and biomineralization) to ocean acidification (OA) ... More


Acidification: Background and History

Jean-Pierre Gattuso and Lina Hansson

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

The ocean and the atmosphere exchange massive amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2). The pre-industrial influx from the ocean to the atmosphere was 70.6 Gt C yr –1 , while the flux in the opposite ... More


Using the Clean Air Act to Address Ocean Acidification

Margaret E. Peloso

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

The most significant driver of ocean acidification globally is rising CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere, which result in increasing concentrations of dissolved CO2 in seawater. Because this major ... More


Larval Ecology in the Face of Changing Climate—Impacts of Ocean Warming and Ocean Acidification

Maria Byrne, Pauline M. Ross, Symon A. Dworjanyn, and Laura Parker (eds)

in Evolutionary Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198786962
eISBN:
9780191829086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198786962.003.0017
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Ocean warming and acidification are major climate change stressors for marine invertebrate larvae, and their impacts differ between habitats and regions. In many regions species with pelagic ... More


Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: Scientific Realities and Legal Responses

Randall S. Abate and Sarah Ellen Krejci

in Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

This chapter provides an overview of the challenges that Ocean and Coastal Law faces in responding to climate change impacts. First, it describes the geological history of climate change and explains ... More


Climate change cumulative impacts on deep-sea ecosystems

Nadine Le Bris and Lisa A. Levin

in Natural Capital and Exploitation of the Deep Ocean

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780198841654
eISBN:
9780191877117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841654.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate models report that the environmental changes resulting from excess CO2 and heat absorption by the ocean already reach many deep-ocean margins, basins, and seas. Decadal monitoring programmes ... More


Coral Reefs in the Modern World

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, and Graham M. Pilling

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198566359
eISBN:
9780191713934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566359.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Aquatic Biology

Today coral reefs, perhaps more than other marine systems, are suffering from numerous pressures. As a result many have succumbed as functioning ecosystems. Nutrients and industrial pollution, ... More


Climate Change Impacts on Ocean and Coastal Law: U.S. and International Perspectives

Randall S. Abate (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199368747
eISBN:
9780199368761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199368747.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law, Public International Law

Ocean and Coastal Law has grown rapidly in the past three decades as a specialty area within Natural Resources Law and Environmental Law. The protection of oceans and coasts has received increased ... More


The cellular responses of marine algae and invertebrates to ultraviolet radiation, alone and in combination with other common abiotic stressors

David J. Burritt and Miles D. Lamare

in Stressors in the Marine Environment: Physiological and ecological responses; societal implications

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198718826
eISBN:
9780191788352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198718826.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the key physiological responses in marine algae and invertebrates exposed to ultraviolet radiation. It outlines the importance of spectral irradiances and ... More


Improving ‘shark park’ protections under threat from climate change using the conservation physiology toolbox

Ian A. Bouyoucos and Jodie L. Rummer

in Conservation Physiology: Applications for Wildlife Conservation and Management

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198843610
eISBN:
9780191879401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198843610.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

Sharks and rays are among the most threatened aquatic vertebrate taxa. This is due to a combination of their slow generation times, exploitation within the fisheries, and habitat degradation. Climate ... More


Outlook: Crustaceans in the Anthropocene

Karolina Bącela-Spychalska, Gary C. B. Poore, and Michał Grabowski

in Evolution and Biogeography: Volume 8

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780190637842
eISBN:
9780197538265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0018
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Since the mid-20th century we have been living in a new geological epoch, Anthropocene, characterized by an overwhelming impact of human activity on the Earth’s ecosystems, leading to mass species ... More


Growth and Diversification Patterns

Marcelo Sánchez

in Embryos in Deep Time: The Rock Record of Biological Development

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780520271937
eISBN:
9780520952300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271937.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Fossils potentially provide direct evidence on how changes in growth strategies may have affected diversification patterns in geologic time. New strategies may have allowed some species to exploit ... More


Effects of Environmental Conditions on Larval Growth and Development

Chaoshu Zeng, Guiomar Rotllant, Luis Giménez, and Nicholas Romano

in Developmental Biology and Larval Ecology: The Natural History of the Crustacea, Volume 7

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190648954
eISBN:
9780197538005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190648954.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

The vast majority of crustaceans are aquatic, living in either marine or freshwater environments. Marine crustaceans—such as copepods, in particular—are ubiquitous in the oceans and perhaps the most ... More


Coral reefs in the modern world

Charles R. C. Sheppard, Simon K. Davy, Graham M. Pilling, and Nicholas A. J. Graham

in The Biology of Coral Reefs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198787341
eISBN:
9780191829420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787341.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Ecology

Today coral reefs, perhaps more than other marine systems, are suffering from numerous pressures. As a result, many have collapsed as functioning ecosystems. Nutrient pollution, sewage pollution, ... More


Climate Change

Ray Hilborn and Ulrike Hilborn

in Ocean Recovery: A sustainable future for global fisheries?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198839767
eISBN:
9780191875533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198839767.003.0016
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Climate Change. The oceans are changing. There is no doubt that the oceans are rapidly getting warmer and more acidic, and this will have significant impacts on fish production. Warmer water causes ... More


The Anthropocene Begins

Jan Zalasiewicz and Mark Williams

in The Goldilocks Planet: The 4 billion year story of Earth's climate

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199593576
eISBN:
9780191918018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199593576.003.0016
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmentalist Thought and Ideology

What is the future for the planet, and for climate? Gazing into crystal balls is a pastime that humans have a fascination for. It is also one in which they have a dismal record. A generation or two ... More


The Anthropocene

John S. Dryzek, Richard B. Norgaard, and David Schlosberg

in Climate-Challenged Society

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199660100
eISBN:
9780191918292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199660100.003.0011
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Climate change will challenge the human community in many ways for centuries to come. Human influence on the climate is now the primary driver of the shift to a less stable and more dynamic global ... More


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