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A Theory of Bondage (2006) *

Nathan Salmon

in Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284726
eISBN:
9780191713774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284726.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter draws a sharp distinction between the classical semantics of expressions, in the tradition of Tarski, and the non-classical semantics of expression-occurrences in the tradition of Frege. ... More


De Anima III.7 431b5

Pavel Gregoric

in Aristotle on the Common Sense

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199277377
eISBN:
9780191707537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199277377.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter examines whether De Anima 431 b 5 contains an elliptical occurrence of the phrase ‘common sense’, and if so, what is its exact reference. As a starting point, it is assumed that the ... More


Species’ Occurrence Data

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses the process of transforming a species’ primary occurrence data into a synthetic understanding of the geographic and ecological conditions under which the species occurs. The ... More


Modeling Ecological Niches

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explains how environmental data can be used to create models that characterize species’ ecological niches in environmental space. It introduces a model, which is a function constructed ... More


Evaluating Model Performance and Significance

A. Townsend Peterson, Jorge Soberón, Richard G. Pearson, Robert P. Anderson, Enrique Martínez-Meyer, Miguel Nakamura, and Miguel Bastos Araújo

in Ecological Niches and Geographic Distributions (MPB-49)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691136868
eISBN:
9781400840670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691136868.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes a framework for selecting appropriate strategies for evaluating model performance and significance. It begins with a review of key concepts, focusing on how primary occurrence ... More


Asymmetry

Gary Goertz and James Mahoney

in A Tale of Two Cultures: Qualitative and Quantitative Research in the Social Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149707
eISBN:
9781400845446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149707.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter shows that the quantitative and qualitative cultures differ on the issue of symmetry. Whereas quantitative research tends to analyze relationships that are symmetric, qualitative ... More


Holocene mammal extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents last occurrence dates and associated data for 255 extinct mammal species that are currently known or suspected to have died out during the Holocene. This includes species known ... More


Holocene avian extinctions

Tommy Tyrberg

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents last occurrence dates and associated data for 524 extinct bird species that are currently known or suspected to have died out during the Holocene. This includes species known to ... More


Probabilistic methods for determining extinction chronologies

Ben Collen and Samuel T. Turvey

in Holocene Extinctions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Extinction events are rarely if ever witnessed, and therefore must be inferred. Predictions of extinction chronology have been elicited from a range of data, including sightings records, oral ... More


Consciousness

Keith Hossack

in The Metaphysics of Knowledge

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199206728
eISBN:
9780191709777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206728.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter applies the metaphysics of knowledge to the mind, the other relatum of the knowledge relation. The discussion proceeds as follows. Section 1 discusses the problem of introspective ... More


Descartes' Cosmological Invariants I: Thinking

Joseph Almog

in Cogito?: Descartes and Thinking the World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195337716
eISBN:
9780199868704
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195337716.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The dualism of metaphysics and epistemology is not Descartes's way. For him, there is just an investigation of the nature of this or that cognitive relation. Following this approach, this chapter ... More


Important concepts in epidemiology

Olli S. Miettinen

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses important concepts in epidemiology, together with their English-language terms. Topics covered include the essence of epidemiology, meta-epidemiology for clinical medicine, ... More


The syntax of dislocations and focus fronting

Luis López

in A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557400
eISBN:
9780191721229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557400.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter presents the syntactic configurations of these constructions and the pragmatic rules that assign the features [±a] and [±c]. Crucial use is made of Chomsky's phase system: the positive ... More


Second occurrence focus and Relativized Stress F

Mats Rooth

in Information Structure: Theoretical, Typological, and Experimental Perspectives

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570959
eISBN:
9780191721786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570959.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

This chapter identifies a tight relation between information structure prominence, in terms of focus, and prosodic prominence, in terms of accent. This is done by way of a detailed analysis of second ... More


Thoughts

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces the cogitative sense of thought, comparing and contrasting it with belief. It distinguishes thoughts from sentences, identifies propositions with one type of thought, and ... More


Patterns In Nature: The Analysis of Species Co-Occurrences

James G. Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226292724
eISBN:
9780226292861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292861.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This book is about the identification and interpretation of nature’s large-scale patterns of species co-occurrence and what we can deduce from them about how nature works. We present Diamond’s ... More


Grief: A Wall or a Door

Christina M. Puchalski

in A Time for Listening and Caring: Spirituality and the Care of the Chronically Ill and Dying

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195146820
eISBN:
9780199999866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195146820.003.0021
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine and Older People

This chapter discusses the concept of grief in the context of palliative care. It explains that grief is the natural reaction to the loss of someone or something to which we have formed a strong bond ... More


Using Scripture as Hermeneutic Utterance

Alexander Samely

in Rabbinic Interpretation of Scripture in the Mishnah

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198270317
eISBN:
9780191683978
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198270317.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism, Biblical Studies

This chapter holds that when whole Mishnaic utterances are performed using the words of Scripture, their striking interpretation is implicit in the manner they engage with a unique set of ... More


Mathematical Objects as Positions in Patterns

Michael D. Resnik

in Mathematics as a Science of Patterns

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250142
eISBN:
9780191598296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250142.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

It is usual to regard mathematical objects as entities that can be identified, characterized, and known in isolation. In this chapter, I propose a contrasting view according to which mathematical ... More


How to Characterize Incidence Matrices

James G. Sanderson and Stuart L. Pimm

in Patterns In Nature: The Analysis of Species Co-Occurrences

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226292724
eISBN:
9780226292861
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226292861.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The two previous chapters described the use of constraints and an algorithm to construct null matrices. Chapter 6 describes the use of a metric, or measure, to compare properties in the observed ... More


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