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Employment Equality Strategies in Liberal Welfare States

Julia S. O'Connor

in Gender and Welfare State Regimes

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294160
eISBN:
9780191600142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294166.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines strategies related to pay and employment equity in four countries representing the liberal welfare state regime: Australia, Canada, the UK, and the USA. After outlining the strategies ... More


Equal Pay in the Office

Francine D. Blau

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter is concerned with the relationship of differences in the distribution of men and women office workers among firms to the male-female pay differential within narrowly defined occupational ... More


Occupational Segregation: Its Vertical and Horizontal Dimensions

Robert M. Blackburn, Jennifer Jarman, and Girts Racko

in Gender Inequality in the Labour Market in the UK

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199686483
eISBN:
9780191766367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686483.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter describes one of the real structural inequalities in the labour market: occupational segregation. It provides evidence on the types of jobs and occupations women and men are most likely ... More


The Underutilization of Women

Judy B. Rosener

in America’s Competitive Secret: Women Managers

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195119145
eISBN:
9780199854882
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195119145.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Across various organizations, professional women often experience the feeling of being underutilized or devalued. The survey that the author conducted revealed how underutilization was an issue that ... More


A Pollution Theory of Discrimination: Male and Female Differences in Occupations and Earnings

Leah Platt Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo

in Human Capital in History: The American Record

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226163895
eISBN:
9780226163925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226163925.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Occupations are segregated by sex today, but were far more segregated in the early to mid-twentieth century. It is difficult to rationalize sex segregation and “wage discrimination” on the basis of ... More


Gendering the Varieties of Capitalism: Gender Bias in Skills and Social Policies

Margarita Estévez-abe

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter links the impact of skills and social policies on occupational segregation by gender. In explaining gender inequality, it draws together two separate literatures: one, the literature on ... More


Trends in Earnings Differentials by Gender

Andrea H. Beller and Lawrence M. Kahn

in Gender, Inequality, and Wages

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199665853
eISBN:
9780191745805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665853.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines trends in the gender wage gap. The first section uses data from the Current Population Surveys to analyze trends from the 1970s. The gender wage ratio significantly decreased ... More


Gendering women’s labour:: status, esteem and inequality in paid and unpaid work

Suzanne Clisby and Julia Holdsworth

in Gendering women: Identity and mental wellbeing through the lifecourse

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781847426772
eISBN:
9781447311645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847426772.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter explores women’s experiences of work and develops an understanding of the ways in which confidence and wellbeing are intimately involved in the expectations women have of work. Led by ... More


“Being Good-Looking is Capital”

Wen Hua

in Buying Beauty: Cosmetic Surgery in China

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9789888139811
eISBN:
9789888180691
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888139811.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

Since China launched its historic process of economic reform and opening up in the late 1970s, women have become vulnerable to the impact of economic restructuring on employment. This chapter focuses ... More


Gender Differences in Job Quality

Joanne Lindley

in Unequal Britain at Work

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198712848
eISBN:
9780191781179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712848.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Public Management

Since 1997 the UK conditional gender pay gap has fallen by around 7 per cent. This is largely due to a closing of the within-occupational gender pay gap, but is also partly due to occupational ... More


Nursing Civil Rights: Gender and Race in the Army Nurse Corps

Charissa J. Threat

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039201
eISBN:
9780252097249
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039201.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Gender Studies

This book investigates the parallel battles against occupational segregation by African American women and white men in the U.S. Army, using the microcosm of military nursing. As the book reveals, ... More


Women, families and the ‘Great Recession’ in the UK

Susan Harkness

in Social Policy Review 25: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2013

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447312741
eISBN:
9781447312857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447312741.003.0015
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

In the final chapter, the focus returns to the UK and the gender impact of the current recession. All the preceding chapters have drawn attention to gender divisions in both unemployment and ... More


Where the Rubber Hits the Road, 1971–1972

Myra Strober and John Donahoe

in Sharing the Work: What My Family and Career Taught Me about Breaking Through (and Holding the Door Open for Others)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034388
eISBN:
9780262332095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034388.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter begins where Chapter 1 ends. I portray myself teaching my first course on women and work, and the course’s contribution to my growing understanding that women’s economic disadvantages ... More


Reinvention, 1982–1989

Myra Strober and John Donahoe

in Sharing the Work: What My Family and Career Taught Me about Breaking Through (and Holding the Door Open for Others)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034388
eISBN:
9780262332095
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034388.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The chapter begins with Sam telling me he wants to leave our marriage and my trying to understand the reasons for our divorce and cope with its overwhelming pain. I begin dating and meet someone new, ... More


Women's Employment and Housework

Tanja van der Lippe

in Dividing the Domestic: Men, Women, and Household Work in Cross-National Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804763578
eISBN:
9780804773744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804763578.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

This chapter focuses on female labor market participation and its implications in the division of household work. It begins with an overview of women's employment in 33 countries: their participation ... More


The Macroeconomic Context: Gender Business Cycles

Giovanni Razzu and Carl Singleton

in Gender Inequality in the Labour Market in the UK

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199686483
eISBN:
9780191766367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199686483.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter analyses the relationship between employment rates and the level of production of an economy, its Gross Domestic Product (GDP), and whether this relationship differs depending on whether ... More


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