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The Production‐Push Factors: The Political Economy of Labor Shedding

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter analyzes the economic ‘push’ factors that lead to early exit from work. Some firms co-sponsor early retirement via occupational pensions in order to facilitate restructuring. ... More


Retirement pensions

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter discusses three periods of policy change in the field of pension policy. It explains basic parameters of public pension systems and the scope of private provision, comparing contemporary ... More


The Netherlands: Adapting a Multipillar Pension System to Demographic and Economic Change

Karen M. Anderson

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Netherlands departed from the Bismarckian social insurance tradition by combining flat-rate public basic pensions with quasi-mandatory, funded occupational pensions with near universal coverage. ... More


Gender, Risk, and Occupational Pensions

Kendra Strauss

in Managing Financial Risks: From Global to Local

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199557431
eISBN:
9780191721687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557431.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

There is relatively little work that attempts to link up work on financialization with the body of research on gendered pension inequality. This is despite the fact that research on financial ... More


Switzerland: Regulating a Public–Private Heritage of Multipillar Pension Governance

Giuliano Bonoli and Silja Häusermann

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Switzerland is considered a prototype of a multipillar pension system, including both public and private, pay-as-you-go-financed social insurance and mandatory funded occupational pensions. As many ... More


Germany: Departing from Bismarckian Public Pensions

Bernhard Ebbinghaus, Mareike Gronwald, and Tobias Wiß

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The chapter first reviews the emergence and change of the public–private pension mix in Germany, emphasizing the path-dependent but recent path-departing developments from the Bismarckian social ... More


Sweden: A Viable Public–Private Pension System 1

Gabriella Sjögren Lindquist and Eskil Wadensjö

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Swedish pension system developed through different stages from the establishment of the first statutory basic pension, the introduction of an earnings-related supplementary pension, and ... More


Politics and Pensions in Post-war Britain

Hugh Pemberton

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Understanding the politics of post-war British pensions in its broadest sense is imperative if we are to understand the nature of the pensions crisis that Britain faces, and essential too if we are ... More


Sex Equality

Alec Stone Sweet

in The Judicial Construction of Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199275533
eISBN:
9780191602009
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019927553X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The evolution is charted, through adjudication, of the rules governing sex equality in European Community (EC) law. The first section, ‘The Normative Structure’, provides an overview of the Treaty of ... More


The UK Occupational Pension System in Crisis

Gordon L. Clark

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The crisis in occupational pensions in Britain extend beyond coverage rates and benefit levels. Private-sector sponsors of existing defined-benefit plans face an uncertain future notwithstanding the ... More


Finland: From Statutory Pension Dominance towards Voluntary Private Schemes

Olli Kangas and Päivi Luna

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Finland's pension system consists of income-tested ‘national pensions’ and statutory employment-related pensions. The latter are ‘hybrid’ public–private pensions that were legislated in the 1960s and ... More


Britain: Exhausted Voluntarism – The Evolution of a Hybrid Pension Regime

Paul Bridgen and Traute Meyer

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The British pension system with a meagre basic pension in the Beveridge tradition and coexisting private pensions that have increasingly been transformed from defined-benefit (DB) to ... More


Occupational Pensions and the Search for Security

Noel Whiteside

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Occupational pensions, linking previous earnings to pensioner income, have long been understood as an essential supplement to a state pension in retirement, particularly in Britain where state ... More


Belgium: The Paradox of Persisting Voluntarism in a Corporatist Welfare State

Johan J. De Deken

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Belgium's public–private pension mix can be considered a paradox: despite the conservative-corporatist welfare regime and rather limited Bismarckian social insurance for old age, voluntarist ... More


Promoting the Multi-Pillar Model? The EU and the Development of Funded Pension Schemes

Karen Anderson

in Promoting Solidarity in the European Union

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199583188
eISBN:
9780191594502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583188.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, EU Law

This chapter investigates the ways in which European integration is shaping the development of national pension systems in the EU. It begins with a brief discussion of the variable forms of ... More


Denmark: The Silent Revolution towards a Multipillar Pension System

Jørgen Goul Andersen

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Denmark developed a multipillar pension system, adding private pensions to its universal flat-rate, tax-financed ‘people's pension’. Following the failure to introduce a public earnings-related ... More


Italy: From Bismarckian Pensions to Multipillarization under Adverse Conditions

Matteo Jessoula

in The Varieties of Pension Governance: Pension Privatization in Europe

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586028
eISBN:
9780191725586
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586028.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

In Italy, the move from a dominant public pension pillar based on a pay-as-you-go-financed Bismarckian social insurance towards a multipillar system is an instructive example of a ‘top-down’ process ... More


Walter van Gerven and the principle of equal treatment of men and women

Noreen Burrows

in The Advocate General and EC Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299003
eISBN:
9780191715037
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299003.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter focuses on Advocate General Walter van Gerven and his contributions to the principle of equal treatment of men and women. Walter van Gerven was Advocate General in the European Court of ... More


Anglo-Saxon Occupational Pensions in International Perspective

Steven Sass

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Occupational pensions are today a major ‘second tier’ in Anglo-Saxon retirement income systems, providing benefits to a significant portion of the elderly population atop the basic ‘first tier’ ... More


How to Address Gender Inequality in British Pensions

Patricia Hollis

in Britain's Pensions Crisis: History and Policy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263853
eISBN:
9780191734281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263853.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Pensions have been constructed by men in full-time work for other men in full-time work; but most pensioners are women. The basic state pension (BSP) still assumes that women will derive their state ... More


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